Former Hokkaido Government Office Building, Sapporo, Japan

The Former Hokkaido Government Office Building is a brick western building that was once built as the Hokkaido Government Office Building. It is known as “Old Provincial Government”, “Rokkaku Red Brick Government Building”, “Red Brick” and so on. Important cultural property (designated on March 12, 1969).

The museum is open to the public as the Hokkaido Prefectural Archives, which displays and preserves materials related to the development of Hokkaido, but some are still used today as conference rooms at the adjacent local government agency. It is a symbol of Hokkaido (the provincial government), and “red bricks” are often used in titles of public relations programs and the like. The row of ginkgo trees in front of the provincial government was planted in 1923 under the guidance of the Imperial Engineer, Kusuke Nai.

The old government building of the Hokkaido Government, built in 1873 with an American Neo-Baroque style brick with a dome, was designated as an important cultural property of the country in 1969 and is called the “ Red Brick Government Building ”. I am.
Location-Sapporo, Hokkaido
Completion-1888 (Meiji 21)
Important cultural property designation year-1969 (Showa 44)
Design-Civil Engineering Division, Hokkaido Government Office (Seijiro Hirai)
Structure-Brick structure 2 floors above ground 1 floor below ground
Design-American Neo-Baroque Style

1888 (Meiji 21)-Red brick building completed
1896 (Meiji 29)-Removal of octagonal tower and ventilation tube
1909 (Meiji 42)-Red brick building fire
1911 (Meiji 44)-Red brick office building restoration work completed
1924 (Taisho 13)-The road in front of the red brick government building is paved modernly (the first modern paved road in Sapporo)
1967 (Showa 42)-Designated as a National Historic Site as “The Ruins of the Sapporo Main Government Building and the Former Hokkaido Government Main Building”
1968 (Showa 43)-Completed restoration work for octagonal tower, ventilation tube, etc.
1969 (Showa 44)-Red brick government building designated as an important cultural property
2014 (Heisei 26)-A pedestrian-only space “North Sanjo Plaza in Sapporo” (nickname: Akapla) opened with red bricks from Ebetsu in front of the red brick office building

Hokkaido Prefectural Archives (Exhibition Room, Reading Room, Archive, Office)
Sightseeing information corner
Hokkaido History Gallery (Hokkaido Museum)
Sakhalin related museum
Red brick northern territory hall
Memorial Room (former Hokkaido Government Secretary’s Office)
conference room

The name “Red Brick Office Building” was decided at a meeting of road managers in November 1968, and other plans at that time included the “Hokkaido Government Main Building”, “Old Hokkaido Government Main Government Building”, and ” It seems that there was a “Masashi Memorial Hall”, a “Dosei Museum”, and a “Red Brick Government Building”.

Inside the red brick building, there are 20 paintings about the history of Hokkaido pioneering. In the red brick building of the Hokkaido Government, commissioned painters from the main road have posted paintings. These are based on historical facts about pioneering from the late Edo period to the mid-Meiji period.

Hokkaido Prefectural Archives
The Hokkaido Prefectural Archives is an official archive established in accordance with the Hokkaido Prefectural Archives Ordinance (promulgated on April 1, 1985). Holds private documents or administrative publications of Hokkaido. In the main building, there is an exhibition room in addition to a reading room, which displays valuable historical materials related to the development of Hokkaido for visiting tourists.

The Archives opened in July 1985 in the former main building of the Hokkaido Government Office (Red Brick Office). The purpose is to collect and store documents, records, and other materials related to the history of the main road, mainly the official documents of Hokkaido, and to use these materials.

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The materials held by this museum are the record of historical facts and the intellectual resources shared by the people, which is necessary to explain the activities of the road to the future people and to consider the future of the road.

This is a facility where historical materials are stored and can be browsed and used. However, the scope of the target materials will differ depending on the operating entity and the process of establishment.

In the case of the Hokkaido Prefectural Archives, the organizational archives of Hokkaido include public documents of Hokkaido (and its predecessor), documents of other public institutions, and private documents related to Hokkaido (private locations / origins). Documents) (including duplicates).

In Japan and local governments, there are various names such as “Monjokan”, “Bunshokan”, “Public Archives”, “Historical Museums”, and “Record Archives”.

Summary of document
The museum has a total of about 238,000 items. The breakdown is about 60,000 public documents such as administrative agencies in Hokkaido, about 52,000 private documents, old records such as geographies, travelogues and diaries, maps, photographs, books related to Hokkaido history, etc. (As of the end of March 2019).

Official document
Shogunate documents such as Hakodate Magistrate’s office documents, reclamation documents, Hakodate / Sapporo / Nemuro prefecture documents, Hokkaido government documents, Sakhalin government documents, Hokkaido documents, etc.

Of these, 167 original materials of Hakodate Magistrate’s Office documents were collected on June 8, 2004, and 7,832 original materials of pioneer documents (including Hakodate Prefectural Documents) were collected on August 21, 2014. Was designated as an Important Cultural Property.

Private documents
Documents of the Yanagida Family (businessmen and politicians in Nemuro, since the Bunsei period), Motoemon Kaneko documents (fishery and commercial managers in Fukuyama, since the Tenpo period), documents related to the Hokkaido Emerging Company (immigrant company since the Meiji period), Honjo Family Documents (Medieval and early modern samurai, Tondenhei) and others

Publications, etc.
Old records (manuscripts and woodcuts from the early modern era)
Administrative publications of Hokkaido and its predecessors
Historical magazines, newspapers, laws, dictionaries, maps, photos, etc. of Hokkaido and municipalities in Hokkaido

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