Soviet typical project of cinemas

A typical project of cinemas (Типовой проект кинотеатров) is a project that built cinemas in different cities of the USSR.

The most well-known projects of district cinemas of large capacity are best known:

The Leningrad project
The first sample series:

Single-screen cinema with a wide screen in the form of a detached building with a capacity of 1060 seats. The project was developed in 1959 by architects OI Guriev, VM Fromzel and AP Chizh. The project was based on the project of the Moscow cinema ” Progress ” (authors E. Gelman, F. Novikov, I. Pokrovsky, engineer M. Krivitsky). On the first floor there is a foyer and technical rooms, the auditorium is on the second floor. Construction was carried out in the early 1960s. In total, 6 cinemas were built: Sputnik, Yunost, Cosmonaut, after the completion of the project – Vyborgsky, Zenit, Vesna (the architects of the latter were AV Zhuk and NN Fedorova).

Second sample series:

Single-screen cinema with a wide screen in the form of a separate building with a capacity of 1250 seats. The project was developed in 1963 by the team of Lenproject authors led by Viktor Belov (co-authors O. Vasilenko, I. Tregubov, V. Fromzel and L. Shimakovsky. The novelty of the project was the creation of a glass wall on the facade of the cinema (the idea was proposed by Alexander Gegello during construction the Gigant Theater in 1933. The form of the hall and the materials of the finish made it possible to achieve a good (by the standards of that time) quality of stereo sound.

Construction was carried out in 1965-1970. In Leningrad, 14 objects were built: Maxim, Priboy, Nevsky, Ladoga, Slava, Sovremennik, Rubezh, Narva, Okhta, Planeta, Meridian, ” Prometheus “, “Komsomolsky” and “Ruslan” (the latter – in the suburbs of Leningrad Pushkin). The same project was used to build cinemas “Russia” in Izhevsk and “October” in Ordzhonikidze (now Vladikavkaz).

The Moscow project
Single-screen cinema with a wide screen in the form of a detached building with a capacity of 1400 seats. An example of such a project is the cinema “Pervomaisky”.

A typical large-format cinema project
In 1961, Moscow opened the first large-format cinema – “Russia”, the former cinema “Pushkin”, now the theater “Russia”. The project of the cinema was developed by a group of architects:
Yu. Sheverdyaev, E. Gadzhinsky, D. Solopov. On the basis of the “Russia” cinema, a standard project of a large-format cinema was developed, in the late sixties and early seventies, a whole series of such cinemas was built in Moscow:

The Baltics
The Baltika cinema has now been demolished, and a shopping and entertainment center has been built in its place, the Elbrus cinema has been closed, and other cinemas still exist.

The project of a cinema for 330 seats
The project of the architect Z. O. Brod (Bureau of Engineering Design of the State Architectural Workshops of the Committee for Architecture Affairs at the Council of Ministers of the USSR), commissioned by Soyuzkinoproekt. In the 1950s, about 100 cinemas were built throughout the Soviet Union. The first built cinema is Rodina (Zhukovsky).

Source from Wikipedia