Sanjusangendo and Tofukuji area, Kyoto sightseeing route, Japan

Trace the history and culture of Kyoto in the Sanjusangendo area, a temple where you can feel the footprints of Emperor Go-Shirakawa and Hideyoshi Toyotomi, and a museum where the Meiji romance is fragrant. If you cross the Shichijo Bridge over the Kamogawa River and head east, the road will be a gentle uphill toward Amidagamine, one of the 36 peaks of Higashiyama. In the Heian period, the Hoju-ji Temple, the palace of Emperor Go-Shirakawa, was built around here, and Sanjusangendo was built in it. During the Warring States period, Hideyoshi Toyotomi built the Great Buddha Hall Hokoji Temple next to Sanjusangendo, and the Namdaemun and Taiko fences of that time still remain. Also, opposite Sanjusangendo, there is the Kyoto National Museum, which has a brick gate built in the Meiji era and the Meiji Kotokan. Centered around the spacious Shichijo-dori, there are many spots to learn about the history and culture of Kyoto.

Tofukuji area, autumn leaves, and gardens. Take a leisurely stroll through the historic temple, which stands quietly at the foot of the Higashiyama mountain range. Located on the east side of JR Kyoto Station, it is an area between the Higashiyama mountain range and the Kamo River. JR and Keihan trains and two means of transportation run in parallel, making it easy to access from central Kyoto, Fushimi Ward, Uji, and Osaka. If you take the JR Nara Line from Kyoto Station, you will arrive at Tofukuji Station at one station. Tofukuji Temple is famous for its autumn colors, but the blue maple trees and gardens in early summer are also spectacular. It attracts many tourists throughout the year. At the foot of Higashiyama, there is also Sennyuji Temple, which is the imperial family temple. Along Higashioji-dori, the main street in this area, there is Imakumano Shopping Street, which is loved by the locals, and you can experience the life of Kyoto.

Higashiyama Ward is one of the 11 wards that make up Kyoto City. There are downtown areas such as Gion and Sanjo Keihan area in the ward. The plains on the left bank of the Kamo River have been urbanized from early on, but large-scale temples and shrines stand at the western foot of Higashiyama. Due to the relatively strict regulations such as landscape regulations, housing development in mountainous areas as seen in other wards has not been carried out.

Tofukuji Station is a station of Keihan Electric Railway and West Japan Railway Company (JR West) located in Honmachi 12-chome, Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture. The station number of Keihan Electric Railway is KH36, and the station number of JR West is JR-D02. It is a station located in the southeastern part of Kyoto Station, which is the gateway to Kyoto. The Keihan Main Line of Keihan Electric Railway and the Nara Line of JR West are on board.

Sanjusangendo is a Buddhist temple located in Sanjusangendo, Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture. The official name of the building is Rengeoin Hondo. It is an out-of-bounds Buddhist temple of the Tendai Sect Myohoin Temple in Higashiyama Ward, Kyoto City, and is owned and managed by the temple. Originally a Buddhist temple built by Emperor Go-Shirakawa in his own palace. The principal image is Senju Kannon, and the name of Renka Ouin is derived from the other name of Senju Kannon, “Renkaou”. Originally, there was the Hoju-ji Temple built by Emperor Go-Shirakawa (1127-1192) as a detached palace. The Sanjusangendo, which is the main hall of the Renkaouin, was built in one section of the vast Hoju-ji Temple. The “Hojuji Mausoleum” where the Emperor sleeps is to the east of Sanjusangendo.

It is said that the Emperor ordered Taira no Kiyomori to cooperate with the materials for the construction and completed it on December 17, 1165 (January 30, 1165). At the time of its construction, it was a full-scale temple with a five-storied pagoda, but it was destroyed by fire in the first year of its construction (1249). Only the main hall was rebuilt in 1266 (Bunei 3). The hall is now called “Sanjusangendo”, and at that time it was painted in vermilion and the interior was decorated in full color. The architectural style belongs to Japanese style.

There is the following folklore about Sanjusangendo. Emperor Go-Shirakawa had been suffering from headaches for many years. When I prayed to that effect when I visited Kumano, Gongen Kumano said, “Pray to the Yakushi Nyorai of Luoyang Inaba-do.” When he visited Inaba-do, a monk appeared in the dream of the emperor, saying, “The emperor’s previous life was a monk named Renkabo in Kumano, and he was reborn as an emperor due to the merit of Buddhist training. It was sinking, and willows grew from its eyes, and when the wind blew, the skull moved, which hurt the emperor’s head. ” As the emperor told me to investigate the Iwata River (currently the Tonda River), I put a skull in the Senju Kannon of Sanjusangendo and used a willow tree as a beam. The headache is said to have healed. The name “Rengeoin” is said to have been taken from the name of the lotus bo in the previous life. Due to this tradition, it came to be revered as a “headache-sealing temple” and was commonly called “headache Sanpei-ji”.

The name of Sanjusangendo is derived from the fact that the main hall is called “Sanjusangendo” in the ken notation. This means that the eaves of one ken were laid on all four sides around the thirty-three girders. In other words, there are 33 pillars in the main hall (main hall / body), and 35 pillars seen from the outside of the building. There is a 7-ken worship in front, but this area is an extension from Keian 2 (1649) to Keian 4 (1651).

“Ken” here is not a unit of length, but an architectural term that expresses the number of pillars in shrines and temples. The dimensions of the pillars of Sanjusangendo are not constant, and the pillars do not fall under any of the Kyo-ma, Chukyo-ma, and countryside-ma, which are used today as pillars. It is sometimes explained that the total length of the hall is 33 x 2 x 1.818, which is about 120 m, as “1 ken (Hashirama) of Sanjusangendo is equivalent to today’s 2 ken (12 shaku)”. Is incorrect in terms of both the inter-column length and the number of inter-columns (although it almost matches the actual length of the outer edge edge of about 121 m). In 2016, a survey by the Kyoto City Archaeological Research Institute revealed that the ground was composed of layers of sand and clay. This is common with the “seismic isolation” mechanism in which laminated rubber absorbs the shaking of the building.

Tofukuji Temple
The garden of Tofukuji Honbo is four dry landscape gardens created by Mirei Shigemori. It is named “Hachiso no Niwa”. A powerful stone-framed south garden, a checkered west garden with white sand and pruning, a checkered north garden with moss and stones, and an east garden with the Big Dipper. Each design is novel.

Kiyomizu Temple
It is located on a hill that runs from the main hall of Kiyomizu-dera to Kinunkei. Reconstruction in the latter half of the Muromachi period with a three-storied pagoda (important cultural property) with Sotan-nuri and Hikihide. It has the name of Taisanji Temple at the top of Kiyomizu Temple. Senju Kannon is enshrined in the tower. In the temple, Emperor Shomu and Empress Komyō prayed for this Kannon and gave birth to Emperor Koken safely, so it is said that it was built in return for that. In posterity, the belief in praying for safe delivery was born and praised as Koyasu Kannon. The panoramic view of Kiyomizu-dera from the front of the tower is wonderful, and it is also an indispensable tower for the view of Higashiyama.

The garden of Tentoku-in is a dry landscape garden surrounded by a Tsukiji wall. Satsuki’s pruning and natural stones are scattered like an island in the moss ocean that covers the entire garden, and Kikyo sways in the wind. The view from the Kato window is also good. Made in the Momoyama period.

Reiunin Temple
The garden of Reiun-in is a dry landscape garden restored by Mirei Shigemori. The garden where the west garden of Shoin and the beloved stone related to Osho Shoyuki are placed. Mt. Meru and Kaedaki Ishigumi are methods of the early Edo period. There are two gardens, the Kuyama Hakkai Garden and the Woun Garden, which were restored by Mirei Shigemori and placed with beloved stones. In addition, there is a two-story tea room (Kangetsu-tei) called Momoyama style.

Fudain (Sesshu Temple)
The garden of Fudain (Sesshu Temple) is said to be made by Sesshu, and is a dry landscape garden with beautiful moss and flowing white sand. A camellia hedge on the approach. An interesting legend remains in the central stone of Kamejima.

The garden of Zennoji is unique in that it has an engraved monument and a moss artificial hill that expresses clouds. Ikezumi also created a garden with the theme of a bird’s-eye view from the sky, hoping for a memorial service for the Bandai.

In the garden of Chishakuin, the view from the northern end of the long and narrow pond brings an impressive visual effect by emphasizing the perspective of the pond, the waterfall and the artificial hill. Ikezumi strolling garden. From May to June, azaleas and azaleas bloom all at once.

Dream floating bridge trace
In the olden days, it was a bridge over the Ichinohashi River as a pilgrimage route to Sennyuji Temple, and the name of the bridge is from the analogy of “The Tale of Genji” and “Dream Ukihashi”. In the old days, even if it was damaged, it was not repaired and was also known as collapsed bridge. “Dream Ukihashi” is a really gentle and graceful name. City bus 100 meters from Sennyuji Temple.

Tomb of Nasu no Yoichi
Located in the precincts of Sokujo-in Temple, Sennyuji Temple in Higashiyama Ward. In 1185 (Bunji 1), he shot down the target of a fan in the Battle of Yashima, and Munetaka Nasu no Yoichi made a name for himself, but he became ill during his departure and prayed for healing at Sokujo-in in Fushimi. I couldn’t forget that, and later I shaved my hair and accepted. The tombs and temples have been relocated repeatedly and settled at their current location. City bus Sennyuji Temple 300 meters.

Magnolia compressa at Imahie Shrine
Magnolia compressa in front of the approach to Shin-Hiyoshi Shrine. It is located on the plateau of the triangular belt at the fork of the approach. It is said that the Magnolia compressa was planted after the Onin fire.


Kyoto National Museum
A national museum that promotes exhibition, preservation, and research centered on cultural properties related to the millennial capital of Kyoto. At the Heisei Chishinkan, which opened in September 2014, the exhibits are being changed at any time, and you can see a number of masterpieces from the museum’s collection. Made by Rodin A work by the French sculptor Rodin, a bronze thinker. The original is said to be made in 1880. It was imported at the end of the Taisho era, and after it was handed over to individuals, it became the collection of the Kyoto National Museum. It was cast during Rodin’s life or early after his death and is extremely valuable.

An important cultural property building of the Meiji era facing the main gate of the former Imperial Kyoto Museum, the west side of the Kyoto National Museum, and Yamatooji-dori. A brick Western-style building designed by Katayama Tokuma, like the main building of the former Imperial Kyoto Museum. Former Imperial Kyoto Museum Main Building, an important cultural property building of the Meiji era. Western-style brick architecture designed by court architect Katayama Tokuma. The interior consists of 11 large and small exhibition rooms. The exhibition is suspended for the time being due to the seismic isolation repair plan.

Toyokuni Shrine Treasure Museum
A Momoyama-style building in the back of the Toyokuni Shrine precincts. Opened in December 1925. In order to widely convey the achievements and virtues of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, items related to Toyotomi Taiko are on display. Among them, the folding screen “Hokokudaimyojin Extraordinary Festival Map” (Kano Naizen, Important Cultural Property) depicting the extraordinary festival of the shrine held in 1604 is the state of the town of Kyoto at that time. Valuable material that you can know. In addition, “Bone-eating sword” designated as an important cultural property (by Yoshimitsu Awataguchi / currently deposited at the Kyoto National Museum), “Maki-e Karato” and “Iron Lantern” (by Mitsuhisa Tsuji) are also on display. There is.

Chishakuin storage
At Chishakuin, you can appreciate barrier paintings such as “Pine and Akikusa” and “Pine and Hollyhock”, as well as the national treasures “Sakurazu” and “Kaede”, which are known to the world as representatives of Japanese mural paintings. .. Both are works by Tohaku Hasegawa and his school.

Events / festivals

Twenty-five Bodhisattva kneading memorial service
Annual festival
Hokoku Mausoleum Festival / Tea Festival
Lighting Daigoma offering
Aoba Festival
Sanjusangendo’s Toshiya
Parinirvana Day
Emperor Go-Shirakawa Miki statue opening door
Special visit to admire the bellflower
Fire Festival
Tsunakake Festival
Ogura Festival
Imasama Festival
Disease-free breathing radish burning
Morning shift
Sennyuji Kiln Momiji Festival
Eel Life Release Festival
Sagicho Festival
Kaya no Wakuro
Higan memorial service
Toyokuni Shrine annual festival, tea ceremony
Goshikai memorial service
Visiting the Seven Lucky Gods
Annual Festival
New Hiyoshi Festival
Sand treading memorial service
Brush memorial service