Revivalism architecture

Revivalism in architecture is the use of visual styles that consciously echo the style of a previous architectural era.

The neo-traditional or revivalist or contemporary architecture is an architecture taking the models of traditional constructions by combining them with modern construction techniques and modern amenities (parking, elevator, etc.), the neo-traditional architecture stands out of the new urbanism by the fact that the new urbanism is inspired by the traditional architecture while modifying it, whereas the neo-traditional architecture copies this one or the pastiche while accommodating it without modifying its visual aspect, but not necessarily using traditional techniques and materials. In this sense, it is close to the regionalist movement in vogue in the early twentieth century .

The Revivalism style is also distinguished from the purely traditional style, which re-creates a building in a traditional way with the same methods and materials.

One of the simplest ways to differentiate neo-traditional constructions from pure traditional constructions is to check the structure of the building, if the building is made of modern concrete and then covered with cut stones then it is is a neo-traditional structure, whereas if the building has a frame made of traditional materials it is a traditional building.

Modern-day revival styles can be summarized within New Classical Architecture, and sometimes under the umbrella term traditional architecture.

The neo-Norman architecture is a style of villas created according to Claude Mignot by Jacques Baumier in Houlgate in the second half of the nineteenth century. Norman form of regionalism, it is characterized by buildings built from a traditional wooden pan structure, but with modern materials.

Deauville is a forerunner in the neo-Norman style and has been making more and more buildings in this style since the 2000s.

The neo-Haussmann style was born in the early 1990s, taking the style Haussmann, then stopped after the Second World War for a style more in favor of the ideas of Le Corbusier abandoning street alignment, the limitation of the template, the street itself and generating the creation of large ensembles and thus the cancellation of the aesthetic laws of the capital. This system was very quickly questioned during the 1970s, but it was not until the 1990s to see the emergence of the Neo-Haussmann style, an architectural style that is becoming more and more important, to such an extent that more and more more large ensembles are destroyed to make way for buildings of Neo-Haussmann style, cities like Le Plessis-Robinson have even decided to reinstate the rules of aesthetics and replace a maximum of their cities in this style. Other examples are Issy-les-Moulineaux and Puteaux, who build neighborhoods that claim the Neo-Haussmann style even in their name (“Haussmann Quarter”) . These neighborhoods are actually pastiches of the post-Haussmann architecture of the early twentieth century with arched windows and loggias.

Neo-Byzantine Architecture
The neo-Byzantine architecture is an architectural style of the second half of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. It was used especially in public and religious buildings. Neo-Byzantine architecture incorporates elements of Byzantine architecture associated with elements borrowed from the medieval Christian architecture of Eastern Europe, particularly Orthodox, as it developed in Constantinople and, more generally, in the Byzantine Empire between the fifth and eleventh centuries. This style is characterized by the use of arcades and semicircular vaults and domes; he uses brick , stucco and, in decoration , mosaic .

Neo-Gothic Architecture
The neo-Gothic style is an architectural style born in the middle of the 18th century in England . In the nineteenth century, neogothic styles increasingly rigorous and documented aimed to revive medieval forms that contrasted with the dominant classical styles at the time. The Neo-Gothic movement (otherwise called “Gothic Revival”, modeled on the English Gothic Revival ) had a significant influence in Europe and North America , and there may have been more Gothic architecture that was built during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that there was at the end of the Middle Ages and early Renaissance.

Neo-Moorish architecture
Neo-Moorish architecture, or Moorish renaissance, is one of the exotic architectural styles that were adopted in the nineteenth century by European and American architects in the wave of western romantic fascination for oriental arts very present at the time. The neo-Moorish architecture used decorative ornaments inspired by motifs dating back to before classical and Gothic times. The style reached the peak of its popularity in the mid- nineteenth century. Few distinctions were made, both in Europe and America , between the elements drawn from Ottoman Turkey and those from Andalusia.

The Neo-Mudejar is an artistic and architectural style that developed mainly in the Iberian Peninsula in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century (from about 1860 to 1925, more precisely). It is part of the Orientalist currents of historicist architecture dominant in Europe at that time. The new style was used especially for festive and leisure constructions, such as smoking rooms, casinos , train stations, arenas or saunas .

The Neo-Negyptian style is not exactly the same thing as the Egyptian eclectic style but is close to it.

Egyptian Eclecticism (or Egyptian eclectic style) is an architectural style, originally appearing as a variation of eclecticism, and referring to the motifs and imagery of ancient Egypt. It offers concrete examples of the moving image of Egypt in the European imagination. Partly because of its association with the cult of death in ancient Egypt, and partly because, unlike the Greek revival, its moral and political values do not come from the Enlightenment or from a place of origin it can be perceived as egalitarian, such as aristocratic literary culture or democracy, the taste for Egyptian eclecticism has never been very popular; nevertheless, it has left its mark in Europe and North America.

The neoclassical architecture is an architectural period proceeding from the neoclassicism of the second half of the eighteenth century and early nineteenth century. Succeeding classicism, Baroque and Rococo architecture, neoclassical architecture uses Greco-Roman elements (columns, pediment, harmonious proportions, portico) and puts itself at the service of politics. The discovery and excavation of sites of Pompeii and Herculaneum brought up to date the ancient forms. The vogue of romanticism replaced neoclassical architecture with neogothic achievements in the course of the nineteenth century.

Revivalist Movements

Mixed Movements
Gründerzeit – German historicist architecture of the 2nd half of the 19th century, distinctive style mélange; later variations included, e.g., “Heimatstil”
Russian Revival architecture – generic term for a number of different movements within Russian architecture that arose in second quarter of the 19th century.
Historicism or Historism – mixed revivals that can include several older styles, combined with new elements
Neo-Historism – revival of historicist architecture including several revival styles; emerged from Postmodern architecture in the late 1990s
New Classical Architecture – an umbrella term for modern-day architecture following pre-modernist principles
Traditionalist School – revival of different regional traditional styles
Vernacular architecture – umbrella term for regional architecture traditions continuing through the eras, also used and cited in revival architecture
Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture (revival of Indian architecture and Islamic architecture)

Preclassical Revival
Mycenaean Revival architecture (revival of Mycenaean Greek architecture)

Ancient era Revival
Egyptian Revival architecture (revival of Ancient Egyptian architecture)
Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture (revival of Indian architecture and Islamic architecture)
Neoclassical architecture (revival of Classical architecture)
Federal architecture
Greek Revival architecture (revival of Ancient Greek architecture)
Jeffersonian architecture
Regency architecture
Russian neoclassical revival

Postclassical Revival
Byzantine Revival architecture (revival of Byzantine architecture)
Bristol Byzantine
Russo-Byzantine architecture
Mayan Revival architecture (revival of Maya architecture)

Medieval Revival
Romanesque Revival architecture (revival of Romanesque architecture)
Romanesque Revival Architecture in the United Kingdom
Richardsonian Romanesque
Gothic Revival architecture (revival of Gothic architecture)
Carpenter Gothic
Scots Baronial Style architecture
Neo-Manueline (revival of Manueline)
Moorish Revival architecture (revival of Moorish architecture)

Renaissance Revival
Renaissance Revival architecture (revival of Renaissance architecture)
Italianate architecture
Palazzo style architecture – revival based on Italian Palazzo
Mediterranean Revival architecture (revival of Italian Renaissance architecture)
Palladian Revival architecture (revival of Palladian architecture)
Châteauesque (revival of French Renaissance architecture)
Spanish Revival architecture (revival of Spanish Renaissance architecture)
Baroque Revival
Baroque Revival architecture (revival of Baroque architecture)
Dutch Revival architecture (revival of Dutch Baroque architecture)
Spanish Revival architecture (revival of Spanish Baroque architecture)
Edwardian Baroque architecture
Stalinist baroque
Queen Anne Revival architecture

Modern era Revivals
Tudor Revival architecture (revival of Tudor Style architecture)
Black-and-white Revival architecture
Jacobethan (revival of Jacobean architecture and Elizabethan architecture)
Pueblo Revival Style architecture (revival of Puebloan traditional architecture)
Colonial Revival architecture (revival of American Colonial architecture)
Cape Cod Revival (revival of Cape Cod)
Dutch Colonial Revival architecture (revival of Dutch Colonial architecture)
Georgian Revival architecture (revival of Georgian architecture)
Mediterranean Revival architecture (revival of Italian Renaissance architecture and Spanish Baroque architecture)
Spanish Colonial Revival architecture (revival of Spanish Colonial architecture and Churrigueresque style)
Mission Revival Style architecture (revival of Architecture of the California Missions)
Resort architecture (Bäderarchitektur, includes revival elements and adds new stylistic measures)
Swiss chalet style

Source From Wikipedia