Pinacoteca, Sforza Castle

The Sforza Castle Pinacoteca is an art gallery in the complex of the Sforza Castle Museums in Milan, northern Italy. Pinacoteca gallery display a rich collection of paintings, including works by Filippo Lippi, Antonello da Messina, Andrea Mantegna, Canaletto, Correggio, Tiepolo

Inaugurated in 1878, gallery displays over 230 artworks, which include masterpieces by Titian, Andrea Mantegna, Canaletto, Antonello da Messina, Pisanello, Vincenzo Foppa, Giovanni Bellini, Correggio, Bernardino Luini, Lorenzo Lotto, Tintoretto and others. The complete collection of the museum, enriched in the last two centuries by donations of illustrious citizens and collectors, now has more than 1500 artworks.

The first rooms of the Pinacoteca are dedicated to religious paintings of the 15th and 16th centuries with artworks by Vincenzo Foppa, Bergognone, Bramantino, Carlo Crivelli, Bernardino Luini and other Lombard and Italian Renaissance painters. This part of the museum includes the Trivulzio Madonna by Andrea Mantegna, dating from 1497 (another Trivulzio Madonna by Filippo Lippi is also in the museum).

The second half of the Pinacoteca displays artworks from the 16th, 17th and 18th century. This includes both secular and religious works from artists such as Canaletto, Giambattista Tiepolo, Bernardo Bellotto, Titian and Tintoretto.

Some portraits of the Sforza family members from the 15th-16th centuries century are also on display in the museum.

The collection of the Pinacoteca was born in the XIX century, when Milan already had two important art galleries (the Ambrosiana and Brera) and went away forming a third, the future Poldi Pezzoli Museum. Compared to these other realities, the Castello Sforzesco art gallery was born as a city museum par excellence, a place of collection of the illustrious memories of the city. For this reason almost all the works on display come from Milan or from artistic collections of Milanese citizens, such as the famous Trivulzio collection, purchased with a city subscription in 1935.

The official inauguration, as Municipal Artistic Museum, took place on June 2, 1878.

Among the donations of illustrious citizens, patriots, scholars and amateurs there are those of: Antonio Guasconi (1863-1865), the brothers Attendolo Bolognini (1865), Malachia De Cristoforis (1876), Camillo Tanzi (1881), Francesco Ponti (1895), etc. The collection has also been continuously enriched by donations, regional deposits and purchases, such as the works of Canaletto and Bellotto between 1995 and 1998.

The last exhibition (Mauro Natale, Laura Basso, Valter Palmieri), completed in 2003, has enriched the gallery with works of sculpture, jewelery and medallions, closely related to the paintings and their age.

The art gallery is located on an area on the first floor of the Castle and is composed of seven rooms, numbered from XX to XXVI.

Room XX
Room XX, once called the “Golden Room” is dedicated to the Milanese art of the Visconti and Sforza courts.

Works in the room:

Michelino da Besozzo (area of), Madonna with Child and Saints John the Baptist and Peter Martyr, around 1430
Benedetto Bembo, Polyptych of Torchiara, 1462
Pisanello, Medal of Filippo Maria Visconti, 1441
Gianfrancesco Enzola known as il Parmense, Medal of Francesco I and Galeazzo Maria Sforza, 1459
Filarete, Medal with self-portrait, around 1460
Caradosso, Medal of Francesco I Sforza, around 1488
Caradosso (attr.), Medal of Ludovico Sforza known as il Moro, around 1488
Niccolò di Forzore Spinelli (attr.), Medal of Stefano Taverna, circa 1495-1497
Caradosso (attr.), Medal of Gian Giacomo Trivulzio, 1499
Zanetto Bugatto (attr.), Portrait of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, 1474-1476
Lombard painter, Bona di Savoia presented by a holy martyr, 1471-72
Baldassarre d’Este (area of), Portrait of Borso d’Este, 1469-1471
Giovanni Ambrogio Bevilacqua, Madonna and Child, 1495-1499
Master of Trognano, Altar of Santa Maria del Monte in Velate, 1476-1491
Master of Trognano, Adoration of the shepherds, after 1481

Room XXI
Room XXI is dedicated to the age of Ludovico il Moro and the Spanish domination

Works in the room:
Vincenzo Foppa, Madonna and Child, 1450-1480
Vincenzo Foppa, Madonna of the Book, around 1475
Vincenzo Foppa, San Teodoro, 1450-1480
Vincenzo Foppa, Sant’Agostino, 1450-1480
Vincenzo Foppa, Head of a Saint, 1460-1464
Vincenzo Foppa, Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian, 1490-1500
Vincenzo Foppa, St. Francis receives the stigmata and St. John the Baptist, around 1488-1489
Lombard painter, St. Joseph, 1495-1500
Lombard painter, St. Anthony of Padua, 1495-1500
Lombard sculptor, four medallions with busts of emperors from the Banco Medici, around 1485
Flemish painter, Portrait of a Man, 1475-1499
Bergognone, Christ in piety between two angels, 1488-1490
Bergognone, alms of Saint Benedict, 1490
Bergognone, San Girolamo, around 1510
Bergognone, San Rocco, 1505-1510, a gift from the Cantoni family 1914.
Lombard painter, Madonna enthroned with Child between Saints Sebastian and Jerome, around 1510
Pavese painter, Bust of Saint Catherine of Alexandria, 1480-1490
Lombard painter, Santa Chiara and Santi Egidio and Nicola da Tolentino, late 15th century
Master of the Pala Sforzesca, five rounds with saints and apostles, 1475-1499
Bernardino Butinone, Tabernacle with stories from the life and the Passion of Christ, 1490-1500
Lombard painter, Stories of Saint Catherine, c. 1490-1500
Bernardino de Conti, Madonna and Child, 1495-1500
Marco d’Oggiono, Madonna with Child, Saint John and the angel (retro grotesque), around 1510
Marco d’Oggiono, Wedding at Cana, 1519-1522
Andrea Solario, Female portrait, 1505-1507
Pseudo-Boltraffio, two panels with saints and devotees, 1510-1515
Pseudo-Boltraffio, Madonna enthroned with Child, 1510-1515
Bernardo Zenale (field of), Flagellation, 1515-1520
Giampietrino, Maddalena, 1520-1530
Girolamo Giovenone, two panels with Saints and devotees, 1508
Francesco de Tatti, Polyptych of Bosto, 1517
Gaudenzio Ferrari (area of), Tavella di predella, 1530-1550
Bramantino, Noli me tangere, 1480-1490
Bramantino, Lamentation over the Dead Christ, 1515-1520
Bambaia, Madonna Taccioli, 1522
Bernardino Luini, Ercole and Atlante, 1513-1515
Bernardino Luini, Madonna Oggioni, around 1516
Cesare da Sesto, Polyptych of San Rocco, 1523
Francesco Napoletano, Madonna Lia, 1495 Circa

Room XXII is dedicated to three works of the Italian Renaissance.

Works in the room:

Lombard painter, Christ blessing, around 1510
Venetian painter, Madonna and Child, 1475-1500
Girolamo Santacroce, Trinità, 1533

Room XXIII is dedicated to works from the Trivulzio collection and other works coming from suppressed churches and monasteries. There are mainly works by non-Lombard artists

Works in the room:

Lorenzo Veneziano, Resurrection, 1371
Filippo Lippi, Madonna Trivulzio, 1429-1432
Giovanni Bellini, Madonna and Child, 1460-1465
Carlo Crivelli, San Bartolomeo, 1472
Carlo Crivelli, San Giovanni Evangelista, 1472
Antonello da Messina, San Benedetto, around 1470
Bartolomeo Cincani known as the Mountain, Madonna and Child, 1480-490
Andrea Mantegna, Madonna in glory and saints Giovanni Battista, Gregorio Magno, Benedetto and Girolamo, 1497
Antonio Solario, Madonna and Child with Saints Peter and Francis, around 1514

Room XXIV is dedicated to the works since the death of Francesco II Sforza (1535) at the end of the century. Contains Counter-Reformation and Mannerism Works.

Works in the room:

Agnolo Bronzino, Portrait of Lorenzo Lenzi, 15
Correggio, Madonna Bolognini, 1514-1519
Correggio, Portrait of a man who reads, 1517-1523
Faith Galicia, Christ in the Garden, late 16th century
Lucia Anguissola, Self-portrait, 1557

Europa Anguissola (attr.), Portrait of Livia de lanchi, 1550-1575
Jacopo Nizzola known as il Trezzo, Medal of Giannello Torrini, 1555
Leone Leoni, Medal of Ippolita Gonzaga, 1551
Jacopo Nizzola known as il Trezzo, Medal of Isabella Capua Gonzaga, around 1552
Leone Leoni, Medal of Ferrante Gonzaga, 1555-1556
Annibale Fontana, Medal of Giovanni Battista Castello, around 1558-1560
Pompeo Leoni, Medal of Francisco Fernández de Liébana, 1575
BS, Medal of Prospero Visconti, 1582
Pellegrino Tibaldi, Santa Margherita d’Antiochia, 1558-1561
Pellegrino Tibaldi, San Giorgio, 1558-1561
Giovanni da Monte (attr.), Christ derided, around 1565-1570
Antonio Campi, Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian, 1575
Bernardino Campi, Sant’Ugo di Lincoln and Blessed Guglielmo da Fenoglio, 1576
Bernardino Campi, Sant’Ugo di Grenoble and san Bruno, 1576
Bernardino Campi, Christ crucified, 1584-1591
Aurelio Luini, Episode of the Martyrdom of Saint Vincent, before 1587
Camillo Procaccini, Martyrdom of Saint Agnes, 1590-1592
Malosso, Adoration of the shepherds with the saints Francesco and Chiara, around 1580
Cremonese painter, Portrait of a child, 1550-1575

Room XXV
Room XXV houses Venetian and Lombard works inspired by Venetian culture. Almost all date back to the 16th century.

Works in the room:

Giovanni Bellini, Portrait of the poet Raffaele Zovenzoni, circa 1467
Lorenzo Lotto, Portrait of a Young Man with a Book, around 1526
Bernardino Licinio, Portrait of a woman holding an effigy of the deceased, 1525-1528
Antonio Sacchiense, Portrait of a Gentleman with a Dog, 1530
Agostino Galeazzi, Portrait of a Gentleman, around 1540
Giovanni Busi known as Cariani, Portrait of a devotee, 1530-1535
Giovanni Busi known as Cariani, Lot and his daughters, around 1540
Romanino, Madonna enthroned with Child between Saints Francis, Anthony of Padua and a donor, 1528-1529
Moretto, Sant’Antonio da Padova, around 1530
Moretto, San Giovanni Battista, 1542-1545
Moretto, Geremia, 1542-1545
Moretto, Sant’Orsola and her companions, 1537
Giovan Battista Moroni, Martyrdom of Saint Peter of Verona, 1555-1560
Giovan Battista Moroni, Portrait of Giorgio Passo, 1569
Giovan Battista Moroni, Portrait of Bartolomeo Colleoni, 1566-1569
Tiziano Vecellio, Portrait of the ambassador Gabriel de Luetz d’Aramont, 1541-1542
Tintoretto, Portrait of the Procurator Jacopo Soranzo, 1550-1551
Tintoretto, Testa virile, 1546-1548
Domenico Robusti, Portrait of a Man, 1580-1590
Carlo Caliari, Martyrdom of Saint Juliana, 1595
Workshop of Francesco da Ponte, Incoronation of thorns, 1583
Workshop of Francesco da Ponte, Flagellation of Christ, 1583
Leandro da Ponte, Portrait of a Man, 1600-1610

Room XXVI is dedicated to works from the 17th and 18th centuries.

Works in the room:

Enea Salmeggia, Madonna with Child in glory between the saints Ambrogio and Carlo Borromeo, 1603
Enea Salmeggia, Virgin in glory among saints, 1604
Guglielmo Caccia known as the Moncalvo, Madonna and Child, 1620-1630
Hans Rottenhammer, Archangel Michael trampling the devil, before 1606
Giovanni Battista Crespi known as Il Cerano, San Michele Arcangelo, 1605-1610
Giovanni Battista Crespi known as Il Cerano, two panels with Storie di San Francesco, 1610-1620
Joachim Wtewael, Steven de Witt, before 1622
Joachim Wtewael, Johan de Witt, before 1622
Flemish painter, Half-length portrait of a man, 1578
Flemish painter, Portrait of a youth, 1607
Dutch painter, Half-length portrait of a man, around 1610
Dutch painter, Female portrait, 1630-1640
Dutch painter, Male portrait, 1630-1640
Nordic painter, Portrait of Elizabeth of Bohemia, around 1630
Giulio Cesare Procaccini, Adoration of the Magi, after 1610
Giulio Cesare Procaccini, Giuditta and Oloferne, around 1620
Giulio Cesare Procaccini, Holy Family, 1615-1619
Morazzone, Angelo holding a chalice, after 1614
Morazzone, Fucina di Vulcano, after 1599
Daniele Crespi, Martyrdom of Saint Stephen, after 1622
Daniele Crespi, Adoration of the shepherds, 1623-1625
Daniele Crespi, Portrait of the surgeon Enea Fioravanti, after 1625
Giuseppe Vermiglio, San Sebastiano, after 1635
Giuseppe Vermiglio, Sacrifice of Isaac, after 1621
Lombard painter, Apollo and Marsia, around 1630
Paolo Camillo Landriani, the Duchino, Sant’Ambrogio and the miracle of bees, 1600-1610
Giovanni Battista Crespi known as Il Cerano, San Giovanni Battista, after 1605
Giulio Cesare Procaccini, San Barnaba, 1610-1620
Giulio Cesare Procaccini, San Sebastiano, 1610-1620
Giulio Cesare Procaccini, Constantine receives the remains of the instruments of the Passion, 1620
Morazzone, San Rocco, around 1608
Morazzone, Pentecost, around 1615
Guglielmo Caccia known as the Moncalvo, San Girolamo and the angel, 1625
Melchiorre Gherardini (attr.), San Carlo Borromeo, around 1630
Francesco Cairo, Prayer in the Garden, 1633-1635
Francesco Cairo, St. Francis in Ecstasy, 1633-1635
Francesco Cairo, Santa Cristina, after 1638
Francesco Cairo, Portrait of a poet, around 1645
Valerio Castello, Beheading of the Baptist, around 1645
Carlo Francesco Nuvolone, Saint Joseph with the Child, around 1638
Carlo Francesco Nuvolone, Immaculate Conception, 1636-1640
Carlo Francesco Nuvolone, St. Anthony of Padua, around 1643
Carlo Francesco Nuvolone, Cefalo and Procri, 1645-1650
Carlo Francesco Nuvolone, Madonna and Child, 1645-1650
Carlo Francesco Nuvolone, Portrait of a Priest, 1660-1670
Giovan Battista Discepoli, Adoration of the Magi, 1652-1653
Cesare Fiori, Medal of Gian galeazzo Trotti, 1670
Gioacchino Francesco Travani, Medal of Alfonso Litta, 1672
Giuseppe Vismara, Medal of Bartolomeo Arese, around 1675
Cesare Fiori, Medal of Vercellino Maria Visconti, 1677
Cesare Fiori, Medal of Pietro Paolo Caravaggio, 1677
Giuseppe Vismara, Medal of Pietro Paolo Caravaggio, 1679
Cesare Fiori, Medal of Enriquez de Cabrera and Toledo Giovanni Tomaso, 1679
Nordic painter, Portrait of a boy with a hat in his hand, 1633
Carlo Ceresa, Portrait of the noblewoman Angelica Alessandri, 1643
Lombard painter, Portrait of Carlo Vezoli, 1654
Jacob Ferdinand Voet (attr.), Portrait of Ortensia Mancini, Duchess of Mazzarino, 1676-1680
Lombard painter, Cantante alla spinetta (Vanitas), around 1650
Simone del Tintore, two still lifes, around 1650
Giuseppe Volò said Vincenzino (attr.), Two still lifes, 1690-1700
Giovanni Stefano Doneda, Herodias presents the head of the Baptist to Herod, 1635
Giovanni Stefano Doneda, Monetieri to work in the mint with Saint Eligio and the Madonna with the child, around 1640
Giovanni Stefano Doneda, abandoned Dido, around 1640
Giovanni Stefano Doneda, Venere and Adone, around 1650
Giovanni Stefano Doneda, Apollo and Marsia, around 1665
Filippo Abbiati, Virginia killed by his father, 1685
Filippo Abbiati, Trompe-l’oeil with prints, 1690
Carlo Preda, Santa Caterina in the study, 1694
Carlo Preda, burning of the philosophers, after 1694
Carlo Preda, Saint Catherine visited in prison by the empress Faustina, after 1694
Alessandro Turchi known as Orbetto, the dead Christ lamented by the angels, around 1617
Gerolamo Forabosco, Madonna and Child, before 1660
Giacinto Gimignani, Urania (Astronomy), around 1652
Spagnoletto, Saint hermit, around 1650
Pietro Bellotti, old drinker, 1700
Alessandro Magnasco and collaborators, Mercato del Verziere, around 1733
Alessandro Magnasco and Antonio Francesco Peruzzini, Burasca with bridge, before 1700
Alessandro Magnasco and Antonio Francesco Peruzzini, Burasca with friars and unloaders, before 1700
Fra Galgario, Portrait of a young man as a sculptor, around 1730
Fra Galgario, Portrait of a Young Man as an Artist, circa 1730
Fra Galgario, Portrait of a friar, circa 1732
Fra Galgario, Self-portrait, 1732
Antonio Lucini, Portrait of Claudio Antonio Strada, 1722-1724
Pitocchetto, Portrait of a priest, around 1750
Pitocchetto and workshop, Portrait of a gentleman, circa 1750
Pitocchetto and workshop, Portrait of a youth, circa 1750
Pitocchetto, Filatrice and farmer with basket, around 1765
Pitocchetto, Portrait of a Gentleman, circa 1767
Paolo Pagani, Holy Family with Snat’Antonio da Padova, around 1714
Sebastiano Ricci, Temptation of Saint Anthony, 1694-1696
Sebastiano Ricci, Apotheosis of Saint Sebastian, after 1694
Giambattista Tiepolo, Madonna with Child and four Franciscan saints, circa 1716
Giambattista Tiepolo, Communion of Saint Lucia, around 1748
Canaletto, Il Molo towards Riva degli Schiavoni with the San Marco column, before 1742
Canaletto, Il Molo towards the Mint with the San Teodoro column, before 1742
Bernardo Bellotto, Palazzo dei Giureconsulti and Broletto in Milan, 1744
Francesco Guardi, Burrasca, 1775-1790
Francesco Guardi, Architectural Capriccio with pyramid and architrave, circa 1775
Francesco Guardi, Architectural Capriccio with Roman ruins and the lagoon, around 1775
Francesco De Mura, Alessandro’s Heritage, after 1758
Francesco De Mura, Departure of Enea, circa 1760
Carlo Amalfi (area of), Family of musicians, around 1760
Jean-Marc Nattier, Portrait of Barbara Luigia d’Adda, 1747
Carlo Innocenzo Carloni, Glorification of Duke Ludovico Eberardo of Württemberg, 1730-1733
Carlo Maria Giudici, Glory of Saint Francis of Paola, 1760-1770
Angelo Maria Crivelli known as Crivellone, Fox and cat among birds, 1690-1700
Angelo Maria Crivelli known as Crivellone, courtyard animals, 1690-1700
Francesco Londonio, Shepherds with sheep and donkeys, 1763
Francesco Londonio, Shepherd who drinks, shepherdess with basket, donkey, sheep and goats, circa 1762
Francesco Londonio, Pastoral Scene, circa 1762
Francesco Londonio, Two peasants at rest, around 1765
Francesco Londonio, Old spinning peasant woman next to cattle, around 1775
Francesco Londonio, Country scene with shepherds and goats, 1770
Francesco Londonio, Self-portrait, around 1770