Chinese calligraphy and painting has a long history and has formed distinctive national characteristics in historical development. It is an important asset of Chinese traditional national culture.
Sichuan’s calligraphy and painting art has a profound tradition. Since the Tang Dynasty, some Kyoto and foreign painters have come with Tang Xuanzong and Tang Yuzong to avoid the chaos, which has brought prosperity to Sichuan’s painting and calligraphy art. In the “General Catalogue of Siku Quanshu”, it is mentioned that “there are more shackles than paintings and more than four parties.” “Yizhou Book and Call of Famous Persons” records from the Tang Dynasty (AD 758) to Song Gande (AD 967), and the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China (AD 1736 to 1946), the two periods of the Sichuan and the foreign paintings in Sichuan There are more than 1,100 celebrities, leaving Sichuan with countless calligraphy and paintings. During the Anti-Japanese War, Sichuan, as the rear, brought together cultural celebrities and artists from all directions, once again set off the tide of modern art.
The collections of the museums and paintings exhibited by the Sichuan Museum showcase the splendid cultural traditions of Chinese paintings and calligraphy, and their characteristics make people reluctant to go back and forth.
The Sichuan Museum was founded in 1941 and has a history of more than 70 years. There are more than 320,000 pieces of cultural relics in the museum, including more than 50,000 pieces of precious cultural relics. In 2009, the new museum of Sichuan Museum was completed. Covering an area of more than 88 acres, the new museum is located in the Huanhuaxi Historical and Cultural Scenic Area in Chengdu. It is the largest comprehensive museum in the Southwest and plays an important role in the national public museum.
The Sichuan Museum currently has 14 exhibition halls with a total area of 12,000 square meters, including 10 permanent exhibitions including calligraphy and painting, ceramics, bronzes, ethnic cultural relics, arts and crafts, Tibetan Buddhism, Wanfo Temple stone carvings, Zhang Daqian calligraphy and paintings, and Han Dynasty pottery art. 4 temporary exhibition halls for holding various temporary exhibitions. The new pavilion also has an academic lecture hall that can accommodate more than 200 people for various large-scale conferences and academic lectures.
The Sichuan Museum has more than 260,000 pieces of cultural relics in its collection, including more than 50,000 precious cultural relics. The Sichuan Museum has more than 30 full-time and part-time researchers. It has researched and published academic works such as the “Sichuan Museum’s “Gesar” Thangka Study”, “Sichuan Unearthed Buddhist Studies in the Southern Dynasties”, “Collection of Paintings and Calligraphy Collections”. In 2011, the “Sichuan Museum’s Rehabilitation Capacity Improvement” project was established by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage as one of the two pilot projects in the country. In October 2012, it was rated as a national first-class museum.
In 2009, the new museum of Sichuan Museum was completed in Chengdu Huanhuaxi Historical and Cultural Scenic Area. The new hall covers an area of more than 88 acres, with an investment of more than 300 million yuan, a total area of 12,000 square meters, the main building is 32026 square meters, the scale is four times the original museum, the number of exhibition halls is 14 and the exhibition hall area is about 12635 square meters, including There are 10 permanent exhibitions such as calligraphy and painting, ceramics, bronzes, ethnic relics, arts and crafts, Tibetan Buddhism, Wanfo Temple stone carvings, Zhang Daqian calligraphy and painting, Han Dynasty ceramic stone art, and 4 temporary exhibition halls for various temporary exhibitions. The new pavilion also has an academic lecture hall that can accommodate more than 200 people for various large-scale conferences and academic lectures.
The main building adopts the traditional Chinese architectural elements of “door, church, gallery” to form a spatial sequence. The main building organizes various functions around the “T” shaped atrium. The underground floor is the garage and equipment room, and the bottom floor is the cultural relics warehouse and repair room. The second floor is the exhibition area, which is directly accessed from the outdoor large platform. The exhibition is divided into three floors. The first floor is the Sichuan Han Dynasty ceramic stone art exhibition and the multi-function hall conference reception room; the second floor is the Bayu bronze exhibition hall, ceramic boutique exhibition hall, calligraphy and painting hall, Zhang Daqian works exhibition; the third floor is Tibetan Buddhist Relics Museum, Wanfo Temple Stone Carving Hall, Sichuan National Cultural Relics Exhibition, Arts and Crafts Museum, Centennial Sichuan Pavilion.
The west side of the main building is an office area with a training center, scientific research office and information center. The southeast side is connected to the main building with an empty commercial corridor, with shops and tea shops.