Hubei Provincial Museum, Wuhan, China

Hubei Provincial Museum is the largest comprehensive museum in Hubei Province with the most extensive collection of science and technology and the strongest scientific research strength. It has the largest museum of ancient musical instruments in China. Mainly responsible for the collection of the province’s cultural relics, custody, protection, exhibition and collection of research work. The museum is the National Tourism Administration named 5A state-level tourist attractions an important part of East Lake, located in Wuchang District of Wuhan City, Hubei Province, No. 156 Donghu Road.

There are more than 230,000 items in Hubei Provincial Museum and nearly 1,000 pieces of cultural relics at the national level. Prehistoric pottery represented by Qujialing culture and Shijiahe culture, bronze ware represented by Panlongcheng and Zenghou B, a large number of lacquer ware excavated from the Chu tomb to the Han tomb in the Spring and Autumn Period, , Wangshan Chu Tomb, Bao Shan Chu Tomb, Yunmu Qin Tomb unearthed a large number of bamboo slips, Liangzhuang Wang Tomb, King unearthed Jing Wang Tomb relics most unique, is the representative of the collection of cultural relics. Among them, Yunxian human skull fossils, Yue Gou Gou Jian, Zeng Hou B Chimes and the Yuan Dynasty Blue and White Ai Tu Mei bottles are honored as the “Biggest Museum of the Town Hall” of Hubei Provincial Museum.

Pavilion area comprehensive museum, Chu culture hall, the high bell tower, such as high eaves, wide eaves, large roof roof antique three pillars, constitute a huge incomparable “product” character. Comprehensive exhibition hall as an extension project of two main projects, construction area of ​​24000 square meters, the exhibition area of ​​8000 square meters; bells hall building area of ​​5717 square meters. The overall layout of the museum area reflects the Chuzhou architecture of the central axis symmetry, “a hall,” “more than one group,” “multiple groups” of high-profile building layout format. The exterior of the building is decorated with light gray granite and the roof is paved with deep blue-gray glazed tiles. The outdoor environment is laid out according to the landscape and garden style. Through the sculptures, resting courtyards, landscaping and supporting integrated service facilities, the historical and cultural atmosphere supporting the main building of the museum is created.

The vast majority of Hubei Provincial Museum collections come from archaeological excavations and solicitations from all over the world. Among them, the unearthed relics are mainly rich and distinctive local colors and also have the characteristics of the times, basically reflecting the appearance of ancient cultures in Hubei Province.

Among the more than 200,000 collections, many are rare treasures and important scientific materials. Such as the Neolithic Jingshan Qu Jialing culture eggshell pottery spun wheel; Tianmen Shijiazhuang ruins unearthed jade, jade Eagle; Panlong City Shang Dynasty ruins and tombs unearthed the big Yu Ge and copper tripod; Warring States Period Tomb unearthed Chimes bronze group and 16 openwork dragon and phoenix jade Pei, 28 places astronomical image suitcase; Yunmeng Naihu unearthed Qin legal instruments such as bamboo.

The more sword Gou Jian: period of late Spring and Autumn, Millennium stainless steel, composed of many small dark grid. 1965 Gangneung Hill No. 1 unearthed tombs, length 55.7 cm.

Zeng Hou B bells: period for the Warring States Period, Hubei Province in 1978 with the Tomb unearthed. Clock frame length 748 cm, height 265 cm, weighing 4.5 tons. A full set of chimes sixty-five pieces, divided into three layers, eight groups hanging in the shape of the bronze-shaped bell-shaped clock stand. Each bell can be played a two-tone third-degree scale, a full set of twelve one-way chorus, you can spin the palace transfer. The scale is now common in C major, can play five, six or seven soundtrack music.

Yunxian human skull fossils: period for the Paleolithic. 1989 Yun County Quyuan estuary Liangzai unearthed, cranial 26 cm, 19 cm cranial width, 12 cm high skull, is the first discovery of Hubei ancient human skull fossils.

Yuan blue and white four love Tu Mei bottles: 2006 Zhongxiang City King unearthed tombs, high 38.7 cm, caliber 6.4 cm, diameter 13 cm. Bottom shoulders decorated with flowers wearing peony; belly decorated with blue and white “Four Love Map”, that is, Wang Xizhi Ailan, Tao Yuanming love chrysanthemum, Zhou Dunyi love lotus, Lin and Jing Ai Mei, crane; Three patterns to volume grass pattern, with banded lines for the community. White glaze pan-color, crisp and bright colors, is a rare unearthed by the scientific Yuan Yuanqing boutique.

The Warring States Period was Hou B series, in 1978 with County Zeng Hou Tomb unearthed a total of 32 pieces, the above carved music law.

Bronze medal in the Warring States Period, in 1978 with the County Tomb unearthed, wine, statue of the mouth along the hollow attachment made of investment casting process.

Antlers Li crane, bronze Warring States Period, 1978, Suizhou Tomb unearthed, it is an imaginative mascot.

Large Yu Ge, early Shang Dynasty jade instrument of ceremonial weapon, 1974 Huangpi Panlong City Lijiazui tomb unearthed.

Bronze drums and Shang dynasty percussion instruments were unearthed in 1977 by Baiyin of Chongyang County, the earliest drum-shaped bronze drum found in China since 2009.

There are Shang Dynasty pottery, the great round tripod, the Warring States period tiger bird drum, the dragon and the fourteenth wear, Calendula, celadon lotus statue of the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the Tang Dynasty figurines, the Ming Dynasty Golden Phoenix crown.

Museum of Jiangling Chu Tomb unearthed painted wood birds beast screen, unearthed in Jingmen Mountain Otsuka Chu State “Ying Li Ying Ying map” lacquer and Chu State judicial instruments bamboo slips, Yunmengduhuhu Qin legal instruments out of the bamboo , And Wuchang Land Church unearthed in the Southern Dynasty celadon lotus respect and so on have a very high historical, scientific, artistic value; Another example Sui great industry four years (AD 608) of the Dunhuang Scriptures, Wei, “Wu door four” Shen Zhou, Wen Zhengming, Qiuying, Songjiang sent Dong Qichang, Chen Jiru, “Bada Shanren” Zhu Xi, “Yangzhou Baiguai” Jinnong, Zheng Xie, Huang Shen and Zhang Yuzhao, Yang Shoujing and other The ink, are rare treasures. Such as the Xinhai Revolution Wuchang first righteous eighteen stars flag, the famous revolutionary martyrs and revolutionary leaders 恽 Daiying, Chen Tanqiu, Shi Yang, Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, Dong Biwu et al relics, memorabilia.

Hubei Provincial Museum held “Chu culture exhibition”, “Yun County – the ancient human in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River”, “Qu Jialing – the prehistoric culture in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River”, “Panlong City – the bronze civilization in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River” “The Tomb of Zeng Hou”, “History of Writing – Bamboo Slips of Warring States and Qin and Han Dynasties”, “Art of Qin and Han Lacquer Ware”, “Tomb of Liang Zhuang – The Treasure of Zheng He Period”, “Art of Earth and Fire – Exhibition of Ancient Porcelain “,” Jing Chu hundred years Yingjie “and more than 10 exhibitions.

Yun County people
Yun County is found in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Paleolithic paleontology, is an upright person. In 1989 and 1990, two human skull fossils were found in Liangzi, a school in Quyuan estuary, Qingqu Town, Yunxian County. The ruins of about 100 million years ago. “Yun County” to “Yun County” found the main line, but also shows the discovery of the Paleolithic remains in Hubei.

Qu Jialing
Qu Jialing culture is 1954 in Jingshan, Hubei Qu Jia Ling first discovered in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Neolithic culture, from 5100 to 4500 years ago. During this period, social stratification, religious activities and other phenomena intensified, a large number of settlements and ancient cities appeared, and a series of civilizations emerged. “Qu Jialing” shows the life face and spiritual world of the prehistoric clan society in Jianghan area.

Dragon City
Found in 1954, Wuhan Huangpi Panlongcheng site is the early Shang Dynasty site. The site was built about 15th century BC and declined in the late Shang dynasty. Panlongcheng’s architectural techniques, bronze crafts, burial customs, jade style and pottery features are all in line with Shanglianggang Upper Culture (about 1500BC). “Panlongcheng” shows the archaeological discoveries of the Panlongcheng site of the “Southern Soil” in the Shang Dynasty.

Chu culture exhibition
As a wing of Hubei Provincial Museum and Exhibition Hall, Chu Culture Hall was opened in December 2005. Chu, both a country name, but also a family name. The state of Chu was exterminated by the Qin State in 223 BC, and the founding of the country was about 800 years. Since the 1960s, more than 5,000 Chu tombs have been excavated in Hubei Province. A large number of cultural relics unearthed show all aspects of social life in Chu. As a regional culture in the pre-Qin period, Chu culture was unique, self-contained and profound, forming an important part of the pre-Qin Chinese civilization. The exhibition is divided into eight sections, focusing on displaying the best Chu artifacts unearthed in Hubei Province, and strive to fully display the brilliant Chu culture. Exhibits in the king of Gou Jian sword, King Wucha difference spear, as well as recovery in 2002 in Zaoyang, Hubei Jiu Lian pier excavated part of the horse in the Chinese car.

Writing history
Since the early 1970s, some of the Qin and Han dynasties in the Warring States Period have been unearthed throughout the country. Hubei is one of the largest batches and quantities of Qin and Han dynasties excavated in the Warring States Period. “Writing History” presents the physical and cultural features of the Qin and Han dynasties and writing instruments unearthed in Hubei Province and aims to give the audience an intuitive feeling about the “books” of ancient ancestors.

Liang Zhuang king tomb
The Ming Liangzhuang tomb is the joint burial tomb of Zhu Zhanli and Wei Fei, the ninth son of Ming Gaozong Zhu Gaozhi. Rescued excavators were unearthed in 2001 by cultural relics workers and 5300 precious cultural relics such as gold, jade and porcelain were unearthed. Among the artifacts unearthed at the Liangzhuang tomb exhibited at the show, one gold ingot from the “Western Ocean” is an important witness to Zheng He’s western experience.

Zeng Hou Tomb
In 1978 in Suixian County, Hubei (now Suizhou) excavated drum pier pier was a tombs of princes 2400 years ago, the graves, the owner of the Warring States Period was the first kingdom of Nations B. This tomb unearthed a variety of cultural relics of more than 10,000 pieces, a large number, variety, high value, well preserved. Zeng Hou Tomb Exhibition displays the tomb unearthed the most representative artifacts, showing the spirit of the world before 2400 and material life. Display sacrificial hall, bronze, weapons, car, bamboo slips, lacquered wood, jade and musical instruments in eight parts, a total of 360 pieces of the most representative cultural relics on display. Including bronze antlers Lihe, associated with the large pot, respect disk, Kam 缶; so far still very much Dungehe Ji and triangular sword-shaped 殳; contains a lot of text data, but also the earliest bamboo slips; weighed 2156 grams Extra large gold cup; production methods and styles are different from Chu, Qin lacquered bamboo and so on.

Jiulian pier record
Nine even pier mound group located in Zaoyang City, Hubei Province Wudian town. From September 2002 to January 2003, in line with the construction of Xiaogan City to Xiangfan Expressway in Hubei Province, cultural relics and archeologists scientifically excavated the tomb of No. 1 and No. 2 at Jiu Lian Dun and the chariot of funeral. “Jiulian Pier Chronicle” shows the process of excavation and the tomb culture of the high-level patrician tombs in Chu State.

Qin and Han lacquer art
Qin and Han Dynasty lacquer reached its peak. Since the 1950s, a large number of lacquered wood unearthed from various parts of the country have been unearthed. The Hubei and Hubei Qin and Han lacquer unearthed the most representative. “Qin and Han lacquer art” collection of the most unique Qinhan lacquer display.

Earth and fire art
The exhibition “The Art of Earth and Fire” is divided into two special topics. The first topic is mainly unearthed porcelain. It introduces the development of monochrome glaze porcelain in Hubei before Yuan Dynasty. The second topic focuses on the collection of porcelain, After the development of porcelain appearance. Most of these artifacts were systematically presented to the public for the first time.

Jing Chu century Yingjie
Since modern times, Jingshan Chu Shui Yingjie come forth in large numbers. Among them, there are pointing heads of state heads of state, there are revolutionary martyrs to save the country and save the people, there are military leaders to kill the enemy, as well as the merits and demerits of the scientific and technological elite, academic masters, artistic masters …… “Jing Chu Centennial Yingjie” Dong Biwu, etc. 100 Remaining representative. With more than 200 pieces of typical cultural relics, historical materials and pictures, this picture shows many of the benevolent cults in China through the hinterland of the hinterland of Hubei Province. It demonstrated the arduous struggle between the Opium War and the founding of new China over a hundred years.

Hubei Provincial Museum has published a series of research works over the years, including “Qin Meng Tomb of the Tiger”, “Sleeping Tiger Digest Qin text”, “Tomb of Hou B”, ” Zeng Hou Tomb Relics and Art “,” the beauty of Chinese cultural relics – the underground music palace “,” unearthed artifacts in Hubei Province of China “,” Hubei Provincial Museum “and so on.

Hubei Provincial Museum receives more than 100,000 visitors each year and is an important demonstration base for education of patriotism in adolescents in Hubei Province.