Haenyeo Museum is Jeju to preserve the tradition, divers culture Jeju special self managed by the Department of Fisheries and Marine Maritime Industry Museum. Haenyeo Museum located at 26, Haenyeo Museum-gil, Gujwa-eup, Jeju – si, Jeju Special Self- Governing Province.
Haenyeo (women divers) only exist in Jeju Island and Japan. They are also called “jamnyeo,” and both terms refer to women who gather seaweed, abalone, or other shellfish from the sea. Because of the very uniqueness of this diving profession, they have been the focus of much attention from around the world. Haenyeo are the symbol of Jeju women as they were the bulwark of Jeju’s economy, going on long expeditions to Japan as well as other parts of Korea. A strong tenacious hold on life and pioneering spirit is characteristic of the haenyeo.
It is believed that fishermen harvested abalone during the Joseon dynasty. In a Jeju topography written by Lee Gun in 1629, it is recorded that haenyeo harvested abalone. Further record of haenyeo is found in bibliographic data such as the Annals of the Joseon Dynasty, Jiyoungrok written by Lee Ik Tae, and Jonjaejeonseo by We Baek Gue.
Jeju’s haenyeo also had a significant role in leading the anti-Japanese movement, fighting for their rights against Japanese exploitation as one of the largest such movements nationwide.
It is our sincerest hope to build a museum on this historic site and develop a 21st Century cultural arts mecca so that we can pass on and preserve Jeju’s haenyeo culture, which has been acknowledged as a world heritage asset.
The Jeju Special Self-Governing Province Haenyeo Museum was opened in 2006 with the wishes of the people who came to preserve and transmit the Jeju Haenyeo culture. Jeju Haenyeo is a strong mother of Jeju and a spiritual pillar of Jeju citizens. The life of the Jeju Haenyeo community is a model that humanity should pursue.
Jeju Haenyeo formed a competency-oriented community and made democratic decisions through discussions. Haenyeo Museum contributed to society such as villages and schools by caring for the elderly and raising funds through material profits. In addition, various devices have been prepared to coexist with the sea, such as scourers, gold scoops, and dialysis.
Jeju Haenyeo culture was recognized and recognized as a UNESCO human intangible cultural heritage on November 30, 2016 (local time).
Haenyeo Museum discover and preserve the precious cultural heritages left by Jeju haenyeo to continue the Jeju haenyeo’s community culture for the growing generation. Haenyeo Museum become an education center for history and culture by operating a variety of unique exhibitions and programs.
Haenyeo Museum reopened in 2015, according to the remodeling of the exhibition hall in Haenyeo Museum.
The Haenyeo Museum will develop not only the independent and subjective culture of the haenyeo formed in history as a local cultural heritage, but also as an important tourism and cultural resource that attracts attention all over the world.
Exhibition Hall 1
In the first exhibition room, you can get a glimpse of the life of Jeju Haenyeo. Through Haenyeo’s house and segan, you can see the life of Haenyeo in the 1960s and 1970s, and you can see the shape of the fishing village and the style of Sessi through models and graphics. In addition, the exhibition hall exhibits relics representing the life of a haenyeo, such as Jeju women’s clothes, Aegidokdeok, water thighs, and jisae jars.
Jeju’s thatched houses were built using stones, soil, trees, and belts that are readily available in nature. In order to overcome the strong rain and wind, the roof of the thatched roof was wrapped with a rope, and the walls were also built using stones, and the fences were also surrounded by stone walls. The interior structure of thatched house was divided into room, upper (floor), stationary (kitchen), gopang (gwang), and gulmu (heating facilities). The artifacts on display at Haenyeo’s house are household items used by Haenyeo Lee (1921 ~ 2008).
Exhibition Hall 2
The second exhibition room can learn about the sea work, history and community of Jeju Haenyeo. The exhibits were compared with the work tools, such as the Tewak mesh, snow, and rain, and the rubber clothes, focusing on the Buddha’s jaw that melts the frozen body and changes the water buffalo middle ear. In addition, you can check the history of the haenyeo, Jeju Haenyeo Anti-Japanese Movement, various documents about the Haenyeo community, and photos and video materials of the haenyeo dedicated to the public interest.
Bulchuck is a place where haenyeo change clothes and prepare to enter the sea, and is a place to rest during work. In the form of a round stone wall, a fire was fired in the middle to warm the body. It is also a place where information and skills on material work, such as knowledge of materials, material tips, and location of sea fields, are acquired and acquired, and mutual cooperation between haenyeo is reconfirmed and decisions are made.
Exhibition Hall 3
Exhibition Hall 3 exhibited the lives of haenyeo. From the first material to becoming a Sanggun Haenyeo, you can vividly feel the various aspects of life conveyed by the haenyeo, such as the story of a sublimated material experience and a retrospective on the material. And you can meet the workmanship and the faces of the proud haenyeo made by the women. At the end, you can see the haenyeo who is vigorously massaging beyond the window of the haenyeo workshop.
Tides and winds are closely related to the livelihood of matter, fishing and farming. When the fish go out or the haenyeo leaves the material, the tide time is set by looking at the tide. Also, in Jeju where there is a lot of wind, stone walls were built everywhere to protect the house from typhoons and winds and prevent damage to agricultural products. Seaweed, abalone, oleander, shellfish, abalone, turban shells, etc., are diversified by sea depth, but seaweed has been lost due to the recent rise in water temperature.
Children museum is a fun playground where children can feel the sea and Jeju sea while touching and playing with Jeju Haenyeo related rides.
The Jeju Haenyeo Anti-Japanese Movement Memorial Tower is located in a small hill in Yeondu-mang, Sangdo-ri, Gujwa-eup, Jeju-si, Jeju Special Self-Governing Province.
The Jeju Haenyeo Anti-Japanese Movement was the largest women’s anti-Japanese movement in Korea by women who protested against Japanese colonial politics and ethnic discrimination in Gujwa-eup, Seongsan-eup, and Udo-myeon in January 1932. This movement is the only anti-Japanese movement led by women, and it can be said to have great significance.