Zimmerli Art Museum at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, United States

The Zimmerli Art Museum is one of the largest and most distinguished university-based museums in the country. It collects, preserves, researches, and exhibits world-class works of art to provide the university community and diverse regional, national, international audiences with direct experience of the visual arts. Scholarly activities make art accessible through exhibitions, publications, and educational programs. The museum houses more than 60,000 works, including Russian and Soviet Nonconformist Art from the acclaimed Dodge Collection, American art from the 18th century to the present, and six centuries of European art with a particular focus on 19th-century French art. The Zimmerli is also noted for its holdings of works on paper, including prints, drawings, photographs, original illustrations for children’s books, and rare books.

The Zimmerli Art Museum is one of the largest and most distinguished university-based art museums in the nation. The museum’s collection includes more than 60,000 works, ranging from ancient to contemporary art, with particular emphasis on nineteenth-century French art; Russian art from icons to avant-garde material; Soviet nonconformist art from the Dodge collection; and American art with notable holdings of prints. Founded in 1966, the Zimmerli occupies a 70,000-square-foot facility on the New Brunswick campus of Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. Established in 1766, Rutgers is America’s eighth oldest institution of higher learning and a premier research university. The Zimmerli’s exhibition calendar is global in its perspective. Each year the museum presents two large exhibitions that survey a particular theme or movement in art, or focus on the work of particular artists, especially women artists. The museum also presents a series of four or five smaller cameo shows each year which highlight the Zimmerli’s permanent holdings. The museum’s programs are interdisciplinary in their approach and offer a wide variety of educational opportunities for the university community, as well as audiences of all ages. Interactive guided tours of the museum’s collection and special exhibitions are offered in English, French, Spanish, German, and Russian.

Founded in 1966 as the Rutgers University Art Gallery, the Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum was established in 1983 in response to the growth of the permanent collection. The major benefactors for the construction of the museum were Ralph and Alan Voorhees, and the Zimmerli was named for their mother.

The museum is headquartered in a 70,000-square-foot facility and has a collection of 60,000 objects ranging from ancient to contemporary art and featuring particularly rich holdings in the areas of French art of the nineteenth century, Russian and Soviet Nonconformist Art, and American and European works on paper, including prints, drawings, photographs, and rare books.

The Zimmerli’s operations, exhibitions, and programs are funded in part by Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and income from the Avenir Foundation Endowment, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Endowment and the Voorhees Family Endowment, among others. Additional support comes from the New Jersey State Council on the Arts, a partner agency of the National Endowment of the Arts; the Estate of Victoria J. Mastrobuono; and donors, members, and friends of the museum. Contributions from other corporations, foundations, and individuals, as well as earned income, also provide vital annual support for the Zimmerli’s operations and programs.

The museum’s permanent collection totals more than 60,000 works in a wide range of media and includes a survey of Western art from the 15th century to the present. The Zimmerli has holdings in:

19th-century French art, particularly prints and rare books

Russian art and Soviet nonconformist art from the Dodge Collection

American art, especially prints

Selections from these holdings, along with focused presentations of European art, art inspired by Japan (called Japonisme), ancient Greek and Roman art, Pre-Columbian art, and American illustrations for children’s books, are always on view at the Zimmerli. The museum also makes these holding available through an active program of loans to art museums nationally and internationally, as well as and through participation in The Google Art Project and ARTstor.

The Zimmerli presents exhibitions as a teaching museum with an interdisciplinary perspective. The museum is now free for all visitors and offers tours for groups. The Zimmerli also houses a café.

As a teaching museum, the Zimmerli contributes to the academic programs of undergraduate and graduate students at Rutgers, and also offers programs to the broader community. Rutgers faculty from both the humanities and the sciences use the museum for their classes to stimulate interdisciplinary inquiry among undergraduate and graduate students from all areas of study. The Zimmerli collaborates with the university’s Department of Art History in its curatorial training programs, as well as through its endowed fellowships and internships for graduate students seeking careers in the museum field. Elementary and secondary students enjoy interactive tours designed for their age groups and academic requirements. Teachers of K-12 students benefit from workshops that the Zimmerli organizes in collaboration with the Rutgers Graduate School of Education and satisfy mandated professional development requirements. In addition, the museum offers drawing workshops for all ages, as well as storytelling for preschoolers and day trips for adults who wish to learn more about specific aspects of art.

American art:
The Zimmerli Art Museum’s American art collection numbers more than 16,500 objects. It includes paintings, sculpture, works on paper (prints, drawings, and photographs), and decorative arts. The earliest paintings in the Zimmerli’s collection date to the late 18th century, when the United States and Rutgers University – then called Queen’s College – were in their infancy. Reflecting America’s rich artistic and cultural heritage, the museum showcases examples of portraiture, landscape, still life, narrative art, and abstraction. Modern and contemporary styles represented in the collection include precisionism, surrealism, abstract expressionism, geometric abstraction, pop and op art, Fluxus, photo-realism, and minimalism, as well as works that explore social and political issues. Work by women artists is a distinguishing aspect of the Zimmerli’s American holdings and signals Rutgers’ pioneering role in women’s studies.

European art:
The Zimmerli’s collection of European art comprises paintings, sculpture, works on paper, rare books, and decorative arts, and ranges in date from the Renaissance to the present, totaling close to 10,000 objects, with its primary strength in French 19th-century works on paper, notably prints and rare books. Strongly represented subjects include portraits and caricatures, landscapes, and popular entertainments. Also among the European holdings is a renowned collection of Japonisme, late-19th-century works by European artists inspired by Japanese art and aesthetics.

Russian art and Soviet nonconformist art:
The Zimmerli’s Russian and Soviet nonconformist art holdings contain some 22,000 objects and provide an overview of art in Russia from the 14th century to the present. The Imperial era of Russian art is represented through George Riabov’s 1990 donation, which spans styles and subjects that represent Russia’s diverse artistic heritage, genres, and visual cultures.

The Dodge Collection is the largest collection of Soviet Nonconformist Art in existence. The collection was amassed by an economics professor from the University of Maryland, Norton Dodge, from the late 1950s until the advent of Perestroika. It was gift of Norton and Nancy Dodge in 1991. More than 20,000 works by close to 1,000 artists reveal a culture that defied the politically imposed conventions of Socialist Realism. All media are represented, including paintings on canvas and panel, sculpture, assemblage, decorative objects, installations, works on paper, photography, video, artists’ books and self-published texts called samizdat. This encyclopedic array of nonconformist art extends from about 1956 to 1986, from the beginning of Khrushchev’s cultural “thaw” to the advent of Gorbachev’s glasnost and perestroika. Work created during the Gorbachev era (through 1991) is also represented. The collection includes art made in Russia, as well as many examples of nonconformist art produced in the Soviet republics: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. A recent gift by Claude and Nina Gruen extends the Zimmerli Russian art holdings to post-Perestroika work produced since 1986. Many of these artworks were made by former Soviet artists now living in the diaspora. In addition, the Zimmerli has seven archives associated with Soviet nonconformist art. Collectively, these archives include more than 50,000 items.

The Dodge Collection includes work by Russian painter Irina Nakhova, who in 2015 was selected as the first female artist to represent Russia in a solo show in its pavilion at the Venice Biennale.