Yunnan Provincial Museum, Kunming Shi, China

Yunnan Provincial Museum is located in Kunming, is one of the most important provincial museums in China, highly concentrated and summarized the mountains of Yunnan style, natural property, ethnic customs and human history. So that visitors in a very short period of time to leave a colorful “Yunnan impression.” Architectural intentions in Yunnan traditional houses “a printed”, shape from the stone forest weathering features, there are three layers, construction area of ​​60,000 square meters. Since its inception in Yunnan Province, the museum has carried out hundreds of scientific archaeological excavations, excavation and investigation, including the excavation of the tombs of the Shizhaishan and the tombs of Lijiashan.

After the archaeological excavation, investigation and solicitation, social acquisition and acceptance of donations, etc., has been a collection of bronze, ancient coins, pottery, ancient paintings, monuments, stamps and all kinds of crafts a total of more than 20 million, is the largest collection of cultural relics in Yunnan museum. Now the new museum has “Yunnan historical civilization display” and other six fixed exhibition hall and four thematic exhibition hall, exhibited more than 10,000 pieces of cultural relics, a complete system to show the Yunnan natural history, human evolution, Neolithic, ancient bronze civilization , Nanzhao Dali country, Yuan Ming and Qing dynasties until the history of modern Yunnan.

Which is famous for the Warring States period of cattle and tiger bronze case, the Western Han Dynasty four cattle gilt knight copper storage device, the Northern Song Dynasty Guo Xi’s “Creek Visits and Friends of the map”, Dali period of the gold A Ji Ye Guanyin statue, Dali Period of the golden wings, and so on. Yunnan Province Museum of the use of rich collections, held a variety of exhibits exhibition, a comprehensive and systematic display of the social and cultural aspects of Yunnan.

Since the museum, the Yunnan Provincial Museum has dozens of exhibitions in the United States, Germany, France, Switzerland, Japan and other countries on display. Now the annual audience of 500,000 people. May 18, 2007, Yunnan Province, “Yunnan – Yunnan bronze civilization display” won the “Seventh National Museum of the top ten exhibitions Exhibition Award”; in June 2007, the Yunnan Provincial Museum by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage awarded the “national Cultural heritage protection work advanced collective “title; in 2007, the Yunnan Provincial Museum was also the National Heritage Bureau as” the 15 key museums “one; May 18, 2008, Yunnan Museum of foreign permanent free and open, Is now a national level museum.

Yunnan Museum in the museum management work, always adhere to the “people-oriented, people serve” concept, and constantly learn from domestic and foreign advanced museum management experience and model, bold innovation, forge ahead, and strive to become based in southwest China, for Southeast Asia Modern and comprehensive museum.

 “A positive, two sides, a rise, and then look back” is the essence of the Department of hall. “One is”, that is, a front wall of the door, with the metal inlaid 361 words of the total preface. ; “Two sides”, is a door on both sides of the two sides of the wall. The right side is a relief wall, with metal aluminum casting mold, from 530 million to 1949, supplemented by the corresponding topography, creatures and cultural relics, with 17 nodes to describe the history of Yunnan. On the left is a red earth wall paintings, meaning the life of Yunnan rooted in the red land; “a rise”, is the rise can see a group of decoration. This group of decoration to “layer” as the basic elements, the performance of Yunnan cloud and beautiful terraces; “look back”, that is, when all the exhibition after reading, you will find Yunnan history, geography, humanities and so on elements, in fact Has long been in the hall has been refined and interpretation.

Six fixed exhibition halls:

Ancient Yunnan – Prehistoric Yunnan:
The exhibition focuses on the important geological discoveries and important sites, showing the important position of the prehistoric history of Yunnan in the world, showing the people’s production and life, religious art and cultural differences in different regions and different nationalities. This exhibition is one of the exhibitions of the Yunnan Museum Highlights and important science education exhibition.

The exhibition is divided into life outbreak, dinosaur world, from apes to people, Neolithic 4 parts. And the international cutting-edge technology, such as sand table, cultural relics, model, film and television data, scene reproduction, high-tech electronic equipment and so on, to show the unique geology of Yunnan, and to display the unique origin of Yunnan’s world-renowned creatures and geology, human origin and ethnic diversity. Development history and geography, geomorphic features and its unique history in the history of biological development, human development history, national cultural diversity.

The Light of Civilization – The Bronze Age of Yunnan:
Yunnan Province, under the frontier, has always been regarded as “barbarians”, but the Paleolithic archaeological “Yuan Mou ape” amazing discovery, the Bronze Age of the king of gold Wang turned out to prove that the ancient culture of Yunnan and the development of the glorious era lag status. “Yunnan Bronze Age” to “Historical Records”, “Han” in the Yunnan Warring States, the Western Han Dynasty important records based on the collection of Yunnan bronze culture in the most representative of the cultural relics, all-round, multi-angle to the world exposed Yunnan The real face of bronze culture; to the province as the perspective, to Dian country as the focus, reproduce Sima Qian’s mysterious “Dian country” is how to step by step from a small border tribes developed into a former national nature of the “chiefdom” society , And ultimately into the Western Han Dynasty “unified” layout of the specific course.

The exhibition is divided into the beginning of the era of Yunnan bronze, Yunnan bronze era, the leader of the Southwest Yi – Dian country, the Han Dynasty Yizhou County 4 parts, through the vivid history of the visualization of the show, as well as the intuitive display of cultural relics To the sense of history and aesthetic effect of unity, so that the audience “to return to the ancient Dian country” to re-understand the glorious culture of Yunnan bronze, feel the ancient culture of Yunnan and the Mainland are closely related to the unity of the process of Chinese culture continuity, vigorously promote patriotism Spirit, and enhance national cohesion, in order to maintain national stability and unity, national harmony, and the construction of Yunnan national culture province to make “ancient case today” typical demonstration effect.

South Zhongxiu – Eastern Han Dynasty to the Wei and Jin Dynasties of Yunnan:
Eastern Han Dynasty to Wei and Jin Dynasties, the Central Plains political turmoil, frequent changes in the dynasty. In Yunnan, the popular kingdom of Yunnan gradually decline, leading to the decline of bronze culture. The war intensified the flow of people, a large number of Han moved into Yunnan, Yunnan brought the culture of the spring breeze. The collision and infiltration between the Han culture and the Yunnan national culture also accelerated the pace of development of the Chinese nation culture.

The exhibition is divided into four parts of the Han people, the south of the surname, Huocheng Si tomb, the surname decline of four parts to Han Yi cultural exchange between the main line, select the iconic purpose is to show in the southwest border of Yunnan, since ancient times And the Central Plains of the close ties. So that the audience in the emotional understanding of Yunnan at the same time, feel the ancient culture of Yunnan and the Central Plains culture closely related to enhance national cohesion.

Miaoxiang Buddha State – Yunnan during the Tang and Song Dynasties:
At the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, the Dali area lived in the ethnic groups of the Bai and Yi ancestors, such as Bo and Wu, and in the year of the year, AD 738 (Tang Kaiyuan, 26 years), the establishment of the Nanzhao regime, Surrounded by the expansion of its ruling area, east of Yunnan Qujing area, southeast of this Vietnamese northwest, southwest direct to this Burmese Mandalay, north to Dadu River for the community, northeast of Guizhou Zunyi area. AD 937, Duan Siping established Dali, Dali basically inherited the territory of Nanzhao, and has been with the Song Tong good, to maintain a relationship between the principal. AD 1253 years, Kublai Khan for the Southern Song Dynasty outflanking, through the Jinsha River seized Dali, Dali country perish. Nanzhao Dali country since the beginning of AD 649, to 1253 years only, to 604 years, and Tang and Song dynasties always. Nanzhao and Dali are the period of Yunnan local culture development, the first is the full integration of culture within the territory, the formation of today’s Yunnan multi-ethnic harmony and unity pattern, followed by Buddhism in Yunnan to develop, become state religion, King, there are 9 people Zen bit monk, Yunnan (Dali country) and therefore known as Miaoxiang Buddha country.

The exhibition of the history of the rise of the monument, the mark of the history of Nanzhao, the ups and downs of the Dali country, the Buddha’s world 4, the main display of Yunnan Tang, Song period of about 600 years of historical exhibitions in basic chronological order, respectively, explain Nanzhao The history of Nanzhao, the major events of Nanzhao history and the brief history of Dali country and the social production, architectural costumes and customs of this period. Finally, the scene of the five Buddha as the center, as the conclusion, highlight Nanzhao, The Characteristics of Dali Culture. The exhibition will be based on historical records, choose the main points, so that the audience of the Nanzhao, Dali country history has a basic understanding of the museum to play history education, local education and patriotism education function.

Going to the frontier of the border – Yunnan in the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties:
Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties were regarded as the three most important historical periods in the process of Yunnan. At this stage, the Han nationality, Mongolian nationality, Manchu nationality and other foreign peoples entered Yunnan, and lived together with local indigenous people. More Han less “situation was broken, the formation of the Han population accounted for the majority of the multi-ethnic integration pattern. Since then, as the largest ethnic province of China, Yunnan, including the Han nationality, including 26 ethnic groups, 40 million people live in harmony, in these ethnic groups, there are 15 ethnic groups in Yunnan Province, ethnic groups, they and other peoples together to create a rich Colorful diversity of national culture, become the most significant cultural diversity characteristics of Yunnan.

Yunnan multi-ethnic pattern as early as the Han Dynasty had appeared in the embryonic form, to the Yuan and Ming and Qing Dynasties, a large number of Han population into the change only the situation of ethnic minorities living, and gradually established the pattern of the majority of the Han population. A large number of historical records began to appear on the Yunnan national ancestors of the record, the development of border generations, blending, development and evolution, is the formation of Yunnan multi-ethnic important historical period. “Yunnan Province – Yunnan, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties” combing the literature on the origin of the various ethnic resources, the historical process of Yunnan ethnic culture of the true appearance of the show to cultural relics and scenes reproduction and other means, from the historical and cultural point of view To explain the Han culture into Yunnan and the integration of the development of the historical situation.

Storm hundred years – the modern times of Yunnan:
In the hundred years of haste, the people of Yunnan ran on the alpine red land, for their own and the country’s freedom, to make an awesome sacrifice, through a century of twists and turns, and finally the heart of freedom.

Yunnan in the modern Chinese society has undergone profound changes in the historical juncture, has repeatedly revealed a striking edge. During the Revolution of 1911, the nine uprisings laid a good foundation for democratic revolution in Yunnan. In 1915, against the Yuan Shikai restoration of the monarchical uprising in the first outbreak of Yunnan, Yunnan has once again become the main battlefield of the democratic revolution. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, Yunnan changed from behind to front, where the Chinese people’s war of resistance against Japan entered a strategic counterattack from the strategic defense. One of the patriotic democratic movements has brought Yunnan to the path of democracy and peace. This series of major events of the history of history, so that Yunnan has repeatedly become China’s modern history of anti-imperialist anti-feudalism, for democracy and peace of the originator.

According to the history of the century, divided into “internal and external problems”, “lean sword south days”, “prairie fire”, “Jinsha water beat”, “Dian Li war”, “dawn of the beginning of the six major themes, The theme of the interpretation of the “twilight of the ancient city”, “dark battlefield”, “dawn dawn” 3 atmosphere, cleverly combined with different materials and lighting, tell the story of space. The space of the exhibition hall began to twist the twists and turns of the T-shaped road, twists and turns of the wall, giving the audience a sense of tension, until the end of the open and bright exit, giving the audience a relief and deepening the audience’s impression.

The basic display of the museum is “Yunnan slave society history display”, exhibited more than 800 pieces of cultural relics in Yunnan Bronze Age, introduced the distribution of Yunnan bronze culture, class relations, social production activities, spiritual culture and living customs and so on. “Yunnan ethnic minority scenery” show more than 3,000 pieces of cultural relics of ethnic minorities. The special display of “Yunnan primitive society”, “Yunnan slave society”, “Yunnan modern history”, “Red Army long history of Yunnan” and so on. The museum also held “from apes to people”, “ancient ceramics”, “ancient painting” and dozens of exhibitions.

In 1984, the museum bronze exhibition in Tokyo, Nagoya, in 1986 and in Zurich, Switzerland and Vienna, Austria. The museum has published “Yunnan Province Museum Collection Bronze Drums”, “Yunnan Jinning Shizhaishan Tombs excavation report”, “served as a painting and calligraphy”, “Yunnan bronze instrument cluster”, “Yunnan bronze” and other monographs.