UNESCO Global Geoparks Network tourism

The UNESCO Global Geoparks Network is a network of parks with interesting or important geological features. The Global Geoparks Network (GGN) (also known as the Global Network of National Geoparks) is a UNESCO assisted network established in 1998. Managed under the body’s Ecological and Earth Sciences Division, the GGN seeks the promotion and conservation of the planet’s geological heritage, as well as encourages the sustainable research and development by the concerned communities.

The network
The international network seeks the membership geoparks—geographical areas where geological heritage is the focus of local protection, education and development.

A set of criteria as established by UNESCO must first be met for a geopark, as nominated by the corresponding government, to be included in the GGN:

the existence of a management plan designed to foster socio-economic development that is sustainable (most likely to be based on agritourism and geotourism);
demonstrate methods for conserving and enhancing geological heritage and provide means for teaching geoscientific disciplines and broader environmental issues;
joint-proposals submitted by public authorities, local communities and private interests acting together, which demonstrate the best practices with respect to Earth heritage conservation and its integration into sustainable development strategies

The GGN works in close synergy with another project under UNESCO’s Ecological and Earth Sciences Division—the Man and Biosphere (MAB) World Network of Biosphere Reserves—to come up with and establish different means of sustainable development in promoting the local communities’ relationship with the natural environment.

The UNESCO Global Geoparks Network was established in November 2015 replacing the earlier UNESCO-assisted Global Geoparks Network (GGN) which was established in 1998. The network was set up to conserve earth’s geological heritage, as well as to promote the sustainable research and development by the concerned communities. The GGN membership is formed by national geological parks, or geoparks—local areas focused on the protection of geological features and heritage.

The first batch of members to the GGN were announced during the first International Conference on Geoparks in 2004. By early 2018, 140 geoparks from 38 countries had officially become part of the GGN family. There are now GGN member sites situated in 5 of 7 continents and there being none currently in either Antarctica or Australasia. Notably there are currently (2018) no global geoparks in either the United States or former Soviet Union territory as well as in South Asia, Central America and most parts of Africa (except Morocco, Tanzania and Canarias) and Middle East (except Turkey). China is the country with the largest number of global geoparks.

Many of the names in the list below appear in slightly different forms in different documents or webpages, particularly where they have been anglicised. Dates of accession to network, where not otherwise referenced are taken from UNESCO website.

List by country/territory
Country/Territory Continent Geopark Year included
Austria Europe Carnic Alps Geopark 2012
Austria Europe Eisenwurzen 2004
Austria Europe Ore of the Alps Geopark 2014
Belgium Europe Famenne-Ardenne 2018
Brazil South America Araripe 2006
Canada North America Percé 2018
Canada North America Stonehammer 2010
Canada North America Tumbler Ridge 2014
Chile South America Kütralkura 2019
China Asia Alxa Desert 2009
China Asia Arxan 2017
China Asia Wangwushan-Daimeishan 2006
China Asia Danxiashan 2004
China Asia Fangshan 2006
China Asia Funiushan 2006
China Asia Hexigten 2005
China Asia Guangwushan-Nuoshuihe 2018
China Asia Huanggang Dabieshan 2018
China Asia Hong Kong 2011
China Asia Huangshan 2004
China Asia Jingpohu 2006
China Asia Keketuohai 2017
China Asia Leye-Fengshan 2010
China Asia Longhushan 2007
China Asia Lushan 2004
China Asia Ningde 2010
China Asia Qinling 2009
China Asia Leiqiong 2006
China Asia Sanqingshan Geopark, Jiangxi 2012
China Asia Shilin 2004
China Asia Songshan 2004
China Asia Taining 2005
China Asia Taishan 2006
China Asia Tianzhushan Geopark 2011
China Asia Wudalianchi 2004
China Asia Xingwen 2005
China Asia Yandangshan 2005
China Asia Yuntaishan 2004
China Asia Zhangjiajie 2004
China Asia Zigong 2008
Croatia Europe Papuk 2007
Croatia Europe Vis Archipelago 2019
Cyprus Europe Troodos 2015
Czech Republic Europe Bohemian Paradise 2005
Denmark Europe Odsherred Global Geopark 2014
Ecuador South America Imbabura 2019
Finland Europe Rokua Geopark 2010
France Europe Massif des Bauges 2011
France Europe Beaujolais 2018
France Europe Causses du Quercy 2017
France Europe Chablais Geopark 2012
France Europe Haute Provence 2004
France Europe Luberon 2005
France Europe Monts d’Ardeche Global Geopark 2014
Germany Europe Bergstrasse-Odenwald 2004
Germany Europe Terra Vita 2004
Germany Europe Harz Braunschweiger Land Ostfalen 2005
Germany Europe Swabian Albs 2005
Germany Europe Vulkaneifel Geopark 2004
Greece Europe Lesvos 2004
Greece Europe Chelmos-Vouraikos 2009
Greece Europe Psiloritis 2004
Greece Europe Sitia Geopark 2015
Greece Europe Vikos-Aoos 2010
Hungary Europe Bakony-Balaton Geopark 2012
Hungary-Slovakia Europe Novohrad – Nograd Geopark 2010
Iceland Europe Katla Geopark 2011
Iceland Europe Reykjanes Global Geopark 2015
Indonesia Asia Batur Geopark, Bali 2012
Indonesia Asia Rinjani Lombok 2018
Indonesia Asia Gunung Sewu Geopark, Java 2015
Indonesia Asia Ciletuh-Palabuhanratu Geopark 2018
Iran Europe Qeshm Island 2017
Ireland Europe Burren and Cliffs of Moher Geopark 2011
Ireland Europe Copper Coast 2004
Italy Europe Apuan Alps 2011
Italy Europe Cilento and Vallo di Diano 2010
Italy Europe Madonie 2004
Italy Europe Beigua Geopark 2005
Italy Europe Geological-Mining Park of Sardinia 2007
Italy Europe Geopark of Pollino 2007
Italy Europe Adamello-Brenta 2008
Italy Europe Rocca di Cerere 2008
Italy Europe Sesia – Val Grande Geopark 2013
Italy Europe Tuscan Mining Park 2010
Japan Asia Itoigawa 2009
Japan Asia Toya Caldera and Usu Volcano 2009
Japan Asia Unzen Volcanic Area 2009
Japan Asia San’in Kaigan 2010
Japan Asia Muroto 2011
Japan Asia Oki Islands 2013
Japan Asia Aso 2014
Japan Asia Mt. Apoi 2015
Japan Asia Izu Peninsula 2018
Malaysia Asia Langkawi 2007
Mexico North America Comarca Minera, Hidalgo 2017
Mexico North America Mixteca Alta, Oaxaca 2017
Morocco Africa M’Goun Global Geopark 2014
Netherlands Europe Geopark de Hondsrug 2013
Norway Europe Gea Norvegica 2006
Norway Europe Magma Geopark 2010
Peru South America Colca y Volcanoes de Andagua 2019
Poland/Germany Europe Muskau Bend Landscape Park 2011
Portugal Europe Naturtejo 2006
Portugal Europe/Africa Azores Geopark 2013
Portugal Europe Arouca 2009
Portugal Europe Land of Knights Geopark 2015
Romania Europe Hateg Country Dinosaur Geopark 2005
Slovenia Europe Idrija 2013
Austria/Slovenia Europe Geopark Karavanke 2013
South Korea Asia Cheongsong 2017
South Korea Asia Jeju Island 2010
South Korea Asia Mudeungsan Area 2018
Spain Europe Basque Coast Geopark 2010
Spain Europe Cabo de Gata-Níjar Natural Park 2006
Spain Europe Central Catalonia Geopark 2012
Spain Europe Conca de Tremp-Montsec 2018
Spain Africa El Hierro Global Geopark 2015
Spain Europe Las Loras Geopark 2017
Spain Europe Sierra Norte di Sevilla, Andalusia 2004
Spain Europe Sobrarbe 2006
Spain Europe Sierras Subeticas Natural Park 2006
Spain Europe Villuercas Ibores Jara Geopark 2011
Spain Europe Lanzarote and Chinijos Islands Geopark 2015
Spain Europe Molina de Aragón – Alto Tajo Geopark 2014
Tanzania Africa Ngorongoro Lengai Geopark 2018
Thailand Asia Satun Geopark 2018
Turkey Asia Kula Volcanic Geopark 2013
United Kingdom/Ireland Europe Marble Arch and Cuilcagh Mountain 2004
United Kingdom Europe North Pennines Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty 2004
United Kingdom Europe Fforest Fawr 2005
United Kingdom Europe North West Highlands 2005
United Kingdom Europe English Riviera 2007
United Kingdom Europe Shetland 2009
United Kingdom Europe GeoMôn 2009
Uruguay South America Grutas del Palacio Geopark 2013
Vietnam Asia Cao Bang Geopark 2018
Vietnam Asia Dong Van Karst Plateau Geopark 2010