Tourism in Armenia

Tourism in Armenia has been a key sector to the Armenian economy since the 1990s when tourist numbers exceeded half a million people visiting the country every year (mostly ethnic Armenians from the Diaspora). The Armenian Ministry of Economy reports that most of the tourists come from Russia, EU states, the United States and Iran. Though relatively small in size, Armenia has four UNESCO world heritage sites.

Despite the internal and external problems the number of tourists is almost constantly increasing since 2007. The tourists have their rest mainly in Yerevan, the capital, where the majority of travel agencies and hotels are located.

Outdoor activities and scenery seem to be the primary attractions. Tsaghkadzor, Jermuk, Dilijan are known as mountainous resorts, which are outside of the capital. Tourists stay at the hotels of those towns in order to have their passive rest or engage in extended trips over all Armenia without returning to Yerevan every day. The classical sightseeing trips to Armenia are popular not only among the tourists, but also with the local population. Mountaineering, camping and other kinds of activities are also common.

General characteristics of the industry
In 2009, 575,281 tourists arrived in Armenia against 558,443 tourists in 2008, the number of tourists increased by 3.0%. During the same period for the purpose of tourism from the republic left 526 193 people, compared with 2008, the increase was 2.1%.

In 2009, the number of travelers arriving in Armenia from the CIS countries dropped sharply, but the number of tourists from Iran and Georgia also sharply increased, which neutralized the recession characteristic of the current situation in the tourism business.

At the same time, only 10% of the number of tourists visiting the country in 2009 stopped in hotels and enjoy the services of travel companies – the rest alone worried about their vacation. In many ways, this trend is due to the high cost of tourist packages.

According to the Ministry of Tourism of Armenia, the largest amount of money in the country as of 2009 is left by Japanese, Canadian and American tourists. Travelers from Iran and Georgia make the smallest expenses. In particular, if a visitor from Japan spends about $ 1,400 a day, then Iranians and Georgians are only $ 30-40.

Architectural monuments
Armenia has a long history and rich culture. In the country you can meet architectural monuments created by the Armenian people for thousands of years. In Armenia there are more than 4 thousand unique monuments, which can be divided into 4 groups – prehistoric, Hellenistic, medieval and new (modern).

The Armenian highlands were one of the important centers of the first people’s habitat. On the territory of Georgia was found Dmanis, in Nagorno-Karabakh – Azokh, and in Armenia Areni cave. The latter is also known as the “Cave of Birds”. Here was found the oldest shoe in the world, which dates back to the 4th millennium BC. e.. The same age applies also to women’s dress.

With its caves Syunik region is richer than Vayots Dzor (Goris, Khndzoresk and so on). Here is one of the oldest observatories in the world – Zorats-Karer (Karaunj). The latter, translated from the Armenian language, means the sound of a stone, and converges with the English Stonehenge. However, Karaunj is older than the English Observatory for 4000 years (5500 BC, Neolithic). On the territory of Yerevan is Shengavit, which refers to the copper age (4th millennium BC). Cave Areni is newer – compared to the above listed – the Bronze Age. In 2007, the most ancient wine cellar of the planet was found here.

By the prehistoric era are also cyclopean masonry on the territory of Lake Sevan and Mount Aragats, Urartian fortresses Erebuni, Teishebaini and Argishtikhinili, cemeteries and water canals, the remains of temples and so on.

To the next era of Armenian architecture (4th century BC – 3rd century AD) are mostly Hellenistic monuments. After the conquests of Alexander the Great in the Middle East, the era of Hellenism began. Now there is a small number of monuments of this culture, and the best of them is the temple of the god Mihra in Garni. It was built in 77 AD. e. and is the same age as the Roman Colosseum.

In the Hellenistic era a number of Armenian cities were built: Armavir, Yervandashat, Zarevan, Zarishat, Bagaran, Arshamashat, Artashat, Vagarshapat, Dvin. The largest of them was the capital Artashat (about 400,000 people) – the first city built according to the scheme worked by the Armenian king Artashes I and the Carthaginian commander Hannibal. Excavations of the city were conducted on the territory of the monastery of Khor Virap (“deep bottom”), where a statue of the goddess Anahit, patroness of the city of Artashat, was found.

Not far from the temple in Garni was built the royal residence and the Roman bathhouse, and around all the Garni fortress was built in the Iron Age.

It is better preserved monuments of architecture, which belong to the Middle Ages. Armenia was the first country to adopt Christianity as a state religion. The first churches are the monastery of Amaras, the Yereruyk basilica, Tsitsernavank, the Echmiadzinsky cathedral, the church of the founder of the Armenian alphabet Mesrop Mashtots in the village of Oshakan and so on. The residence of the Armenian Catholicos – the Etchmiadzin Cathedral, as well as four other churches that were built in Etchmiadzin in the 7th century (Shoghakat, Gayane,Hripsime and the temple of Zvartnots), in 2000 they were registered in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites in Armenia.

To the developed medieval (8th-14th centuries) belong the monastery “Spear” (Geghard), Amberd fortress, Noravank monastery, Kakavaberd fortress, Akhtala monastery and fortress, Dadivank and Gandzasar, Lori and Meghri fortresses, church complexes Haghartsin and Goshavank, bridges and water canals, Tatev, Akhpat and Sanahin monastic complexes. The last two also, in 1996, were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites inArmenia. Not far from the architectural monuments are recreation areas and hotels.

In the late Middle Ages and modern times, Armenia loses its independence and statehood. It is divided between the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid state. Since the beginning of the 19th century, Eastern Armenia has gradually become part of the Russian Empire. Armenian architecture is failing. It is being restored in the Russian era and is displayed mainly by urban development. The facilities that belong to this era are well preserved mainly in the center of Yerevan and Gyumri. The Gevorgyan Spiritual Seminary is also known in Etchmiadzin. Under Soviet rule, a huge number of Armenian and Russian churches, Persian mosques, the Yerevan fortress and other monuments of architecture.

During the Soviet regime and after gaining independence, Armenian cities begin to be built and expanded. The Opera and Ballet Theater, the Republic Square, the Moscow cinema, the Cascade complex, the Northern Avenue are being built in Yerevan, the new houses of cultural and educational centers, theaters and museums, churches and public houses are appearing in the capital and other cities.

Natural attractions
n addition to architectural monuments, there are a lot of natural beauties in Armenia. Some of them are protected by the state – in the form of national monuments, reserves and natural monuments. In the central part – Armenian volcanic hill: Mount Aragats, Geghama Range, Javakhk and Syunik Island. The eastern and northern regions are folded-blocky mountains, and in the local valleys there are forest tracts.

Forests covered 12% of the territory of Armenia, and 35% of the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. Forest massifs are frequent in Lori, Tavush, and in part – Gegharkunik, Vayots Dzor and Syunik. In these regions, four national parks were broken: Sevan, Dilijan, Arpa, Arevik. Not only flora and fauna are stored here, but also water resources and landscapes. On the territory of Armenia there are 26 reserves, which occupy 3.5% of the territory of Armenia. Among them the most famous is the Khosrov Forest Reserve.

In addition to the above-mentioned forest zones – you can spend your holidays in the gardens and gardens. Basically they are not far from big cities. In the center of Lori region is the largest botanical garden of the country – the Stepanavan arboretum, the territory of which reaches up to 35 hectares. Outside Yerevan are the gorges of the rivers Hrazdan and Kasakh, where recreation is organized in nature. In the canyon of Kasaha, at a distance of 35 km from Yerevan, is the highest waterfall (70 m) of the country. Inside the capital is another botanical garden, and not far from it – the zoo.

Armenia is a mountainous country. The lowest points are in the far north (Alaverdi, Georgian border) and in the far south (Meghri, Iranian border), both – 375 m above sea level. However, they are narrow gorges, and the main plateau is the Ararat valley (800-1000 m). 80% of the country’s territory is mountainous landscape, and the rest – valleys and plains (only Ararat – 12% of 20). Mountain areas are mainly of two types – folded-blocky and volcanic. The result of the eruption of the volcano and the movement of lava – the gorge of the Razdan and Vorotan rivers, which are the main recreation areas. More beautiful is the Garni Gorge of the Azat River – “Symphony of Stones”, which is the only natural monument of Armenia, registered in the UNESCO list.

Mountain climate has several advantages for recreation: clean and fresh air, springs of medicinal waters, conditions for the development of extreme tourism. Here are the recreational resources of the country: Arzni, Jermuk, Tsakhkadzor, Sevan, Dilijan, Vorotan, which are located at the same source. They have been known as treatment centers since the times of the USSR. In the middle of the 20th century, sanatoriums, rest houses and hotel complexes were built here.

Armenia is rich in water resources. The Akhuryan, Kasakh, Debed, Agstev, Hrazdan, Vorotan and Arpa rivers flow along the territory of the country, which are enriched by the waters of their tributaries, and form beautiful canyons. Among them the most beautiful is the Kasakh gorge between the villages of Sagmosavan and Oganavan, where the monasteries Sagmosavank and Ovanavank are located. The rivers form beautiful waterfalls: Jermuk (68 m), Shaki (18 m), Kasakh (70 m), Trchkan(24 m) and others. They become deep water during the spring months and early summer, and this is due to the amount of debris and melting snow in the mountainous areas.

On the rivers there are water reservoirs, where you can fish, and in the forests that surround them – hunting. Of these lakes and reservoirs, Arpi, Kamennoye, Akna, Spandaryan, Akhuryan, Ghosh, Transparent and others are the most famous. In rivers, the most common are the barbeque and trout, also – different wild birds – ducks, geese and so on. In the surrounding forests there are rodents and mammals, hunting for which is allowed only with a pass. Fisheries are developed in particular in the regions of Armavir andArarat – in the territory adjacent to the Araks River (Armenian-Turkish state border), where there are also fish farms.

The largest water reservoir in the Republic of Armenia is Lake Sevan. This is the second high lake of the planet with fresh water, the length of which reaches 70 km, and the width – 55 km. The area of the lake is 1260 km 2, and this is the largest in the South Caucasus. The average depth reaches up to 26.8 meters, and the deepest place is 84 (Small Sevan).

In 2011, the Sevan National Park was declared a recreation area. Here beaches were opened, which are popular not only for local, but also for the guests of Armenia. Rest houses and hotel complexes were built along the shores of Sevan and on the Sevan peninsula. The water of the lake is convenient for swimming, and the summer temperature is for tanning.

In the beaches of Sevan, professional rescue swimmers and employees of other public works work. In 2014, the number of public beaches reached eleven, where 200,000 people spent their vacation.

Active rest and extreme tourism

Mountaineering and mountaineering
The mountainous landscape of Armenia has always been interesting for climbers. Here all kinds of mountaineering develop – climbing, ecotourism, conquering peaks and so on.

In the Soviet years, mountaineering and mountain tourism were developed in Armenia. There was a federation of mountaineering, and also many institutes and other organizations had their own alpclubs. In the early 1990s, many of them were closed down or ceased to be active. In 2011, the Armenian Mountaineering and Mountain Tourism Federation was established, which unites many local tourist clubs and alpine clubs, as well as conducts various events that promote the development of extreme tourism in the country.

Aerial extreme tourism
Of the aerial species in Armenia, paragliding is most popular (English Paragliding in Armenia) – flying on the wing using the energy of ascending air currents. The relief and climate of Armenia is very favorable for long flights on a paraglider. In 2015 and 2016 competitions for the Cup of Russia were held in Armenia. Paragliders start mainly in Sevan near the village of Tsovagyukh, on the conical mountain of Atys near Yerevan, on the slopes near the town of Vedi, on the slopes of Mount Tegenis, and also less often from many other slopes.

Instructors offer tandem motorized flights on the trike. In 2017, international motor paragliding competitions were held.

Aeronautics is represented in Armenia by balloon flights. In 2017 an international ballooning festival was held in Armenia. “” company offers group flights in a balloon.

Parachute jumps are also taking place in Armenia. In 1934 the first aeroclub was opened in Armenia, which operates until the end of the 1980s. In 2002, following the meeting of veterans of the flying club, it was decided to establish the Parachute Federation of Armenia.

In 2016, a base jumping festival was held on the Tatev cable car, which is 240 km from Yerevan and leads to Tatev Monastery. The cabin flies over the abyss of the gorge of the Vorotan River: the height in some places reaches 320 m. It is the world’s longest passenger ropeway of double reverse action. Known as the “Wings of Tatev”, it connects the villages of Alidzor and Tatev through the Vorotan Gorge. The length of the aerotram “Wings of Tatev” is 5752 m, and it is registered in the Guinness Book of Records. The cable car is the shortest way to the Tatev Monastery, but it can be reached on foot, hikes and expeditions are conducted.

At a distance of 145 km to the north-east from Yerevan, in the direction of the Yerevan- Tbilisi highway, there is the village of Enokavan. On the territory of the latter, in the area of Lastiver, on July 26, 2015, the first flight in Ziplain was carried out in Armenia. Over the next year, the number of visitors exceeded 10,000. The tour on the zipline includes crossing six air routes (length from 150 to 750 m), one of which is repeated. The company “Yell Extreme Park” was the first in Armenia to offer flights on the zipline. In addition, the park’s territory can be practiced, paragliding, mountain biking, and climbing in Rope Park, participate in off-tours.

In 2016 the zyplain was opened in Tsakhkadzor and near Lake Parz.

In 2018, a ziplane opened in Yerevan in the ravine of the Hrazdan River under the bridge in the Davidashen block.

Winter activities
In some mountain resorts in Armenia, in particular – Tsaghkadzor and Jermuk, there are opportunities for winter recreation, where you can ski, snowboard and do other winter sports.

Tsakhkadzor is located at a distance of 50 km from Yerevan (45 minutes by car). The local cable car was opened in 1967, and at the beginning of the 21st century the lifts were replaced by a new Western European production. The cable car, which meets modern standards and consists of five sectors, partially works also in the summer.

The lowest point is on the eastern slope of Mount Tegenis at an altitude of 1966 m above sea level, and the upper station at the top of the mountain is at an altitude of 2819 m. There are medical stations and restaurants on the ski slopes.

In 2018, the government approved a project to build a new large ski resort on the slopes of Mount Maymech near the city of Vanadzor.

On the plateau in Chirac, where it is always covered with snow and windy winter popular snowkiting.

Tourist objects by location

Republic of Armenia

Yerevan (capital)
Matenadaran named after St. Mesrop Mashtots is unique and well-known throughout the world Institute of Ancient Manuscripts, built in 1957.
Tsitsernakaberd – memorial to the victims of the Armenian Genocide in 1915 th year
Museum “Erebuni” is a museum of the city of Yerevan.
Yerevan City Hall – Museum of Yerevan, winter palace.
Art gallery of Armenia
Museum of the History of Armenia
Museum of Martiros Saryan.
Museum of Sergey Paradzhanov.
Museum of Contemporary Painting.
Myr Hayastan (“Mother – Armenia”) – a monument to Armenia, opens the panorama of Yerevan.
Opera Theater (Philharmonic Concert Hall).
Sports and concert complex.
Church of St. Sarkis.
Church of St. Zohavor.
Church of St. Hovhannes.
Church of Our Lady.
Yerevan Cathedral of St. Gregory the Illuminator.
Yerevan Cognac Factory.
Children’s Picture Gallery.
Botanical Gardens and Zoo.
Yerevan Water World (Aquapark).

Mount Aragats. The extinct volcano Aragats is the highest mountain in the territory of modern Armenia. Mount Aragats itself is a natural, magnificent monument with four peaks and a lake in the middle.
Biurakan Observatory. Literally 10 km from Ashtarak, on the slopes of Mount Aragats is the big village of Briakan, a cradle of Armenian astronomy.
Fort Amberd. On the southern slope of the Aragats mountains stands the medieval fortress Amberd (X – XIII centuries) – the generic possession of the princes of Pahlavun. The fortress is located at an altitude of 2300 m above sea level.
Mesrop Mashtots Church in Oshakan. 6 km from Ashtarak, on the right bank of Kasahu, is the village Oshakan – the last refuge of the national hero of Armenia, the Armenian educator, compiler of the national alphabet Mesrop Mashtots.
Saghmosavank. Sagmasawank Monastery was founded in 1215, when Prince Wache Wachutean commanded to erect a temple called Surb Zion (Holy Zion).
Ohanavank. Not far from the village of Karbi in the beginning of IV century. St. Gregory the Illuminator founded a small church, which served as the foundation of the Ohanwanker monastery. Today’s Ohanavank monastery is a building of the 12th – 13th centuries., The complex was founded in 1216, when Prince Wache Wachutean founded the Surb Karept church (1216 – 1221 gg.). The monastery is built in caves and connected to the gorge of the stairs.
Karmravo Church. The most famous monument of Ashtarak is the well-preserved Karmravo church. It was built in the VII century.

Monastery of the Virappe Choir. Every Armenian knows about this unique architectural monument. This serf monastery is a place of pilgrimage, one of the most respected places in Armenia, sacred to the Armenian Apostolic Church. The monastery was erected from the 6th to the 17th century, over the dungeon where the baptism of Armenia was bored – St. Gregory the Illuminator for the spread of Christianity, while King Trdat did not decide to accept this religion as a state.
Khosrovsky Reserve. In the eastern part of the Martian is Khosrovsky Reserve, which was created for hunting and entertainment of the Armenian aristocracy.
Ararat. In fact, the Armenian sacred mountain of Ararat is today in the territory of Turkey. While in the western part of Armenia, she remained in the Ottoman state, while in the beginning of XX century only Eastern Armenia entered the Russian empire.
Dvin. In 332 – 338 BC. e. king Khosrov Short in the southern spurs of the Gegham Spit was founded the ancient capital of Armenia – Dvina.

Echmiadzin. Let’s start with the fact that Echmiadzin (Vaharshapat) is a separate city, which was even one of the capital of Armenia in the II – IV centuries. In ancient times, the village of Vardkesavan was located here, in the place of which in the beginning of the 2nd century AD. e. King Vaharsh I (117 – 140) founded his capital, calling it Vagharshpat. Included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Cathedral of St. Echmiadzin. The main thing in this complex is of course the Cathedral – the oldest Christian temple in Armenia, one of the first throughout the Christian world. The first stone in the foundation of this temple, according to legend, was laid in 301 by Gregory Gregory the Illuminator, the first Catholicos of the Armenian Church.
Museum of Echmiadzin. In order to store the relics and gifts that arrive in the Armenian Church, in 1869 three more rooms were added to the Cathedral, in which the museum of the monastery is now located. It was opened in 1955.
Echmiadzin monastery. The complex of Echmiadzinsky Monastery includes a refectory (XVII century), a hotel (XVIII century), the Residence of the Catholicos (1738 – 1741), a school (1813), a stone reservoir (1846) and other buildings.
The residence of the Patriarch – the Catholicos of all Armenians. The residence of the head of the Armenian Apostolic Church is located in the courtyard of the monastic complex.
Theological Academy of St. Echmiadzin. On the territory of the monastic complex there is the Holy Echmiadzin Academy. It was founded 130 years ago.
Temple of the Holy Ripsime. There are three ancient monuments in Echmiadzin. According to the legend, these temples are built in honor of the martyrs – the first Christians who fled from Rome from the persecution of the emperor. These are the temples: Holy Ripsime, Holy Gayan and Holy Shoghakat. The temples were erected on the grounds of the death of these three holy virgins.
Temple of St. Gayan. A little later, the Temple of St. Ripsme was built temple in honor of its Christian mentor – Saint Gayan. The temple was erected in 630 on the site of the chapel of the IV century and to this day is one of the best monuments of Armenian architecture.
Temple of the Holy Shoghakat. This temple was built in 1694 on the site of the chapel of the IV century. Notable is its peculiar architecture, known as the “dome hall”.
Temple of Zvartnots. 5 km from Vaghshpatata is the brightest monument of medieval Armenian architecture – the magnificent Zvartnots Temple, built in the VII century. Unfortunately, like most other ancient Armenian temples, Zvartnots has survived only in ruins, completely destroyed by a powerful earthquake in the X century. The temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Sardarapat An architectural and sculptural complex 10 km from Armavir, established in 1968 in the celebration of the victory of the Armenians over the Ottoman invaders in 1918. Then, in 1918, the Ottoman army invaded the Ararat valley, occupied the village of Sardarapat, and launched an offensive against Yerevan.

Vayots Dzor
Jermuk. One of the most famous resorts of all Armenia. The resort glory of the city was provided with unique thermal and mineral springs, around which grew the city.
Noravank Monastery. Noravank translated from Armenian means “new monastery”. Although today, he is unlikely to justify his name, because his age is very venerable – more than seven centuries. A very charming monastery complex Noravank was built in the XIII century on the ledge of a narrow, winding gorge of the river Arpa near Yehegnadzor.
Monastery of Tsakhat Kar. This architectural complex is located 6 km from the village of Yehegis Mari Vayots Dzor.
Monastery of Spitakavor. This monument is located in the green valley of the Yeghegnadzor district.

Lake Sevan. Ancient relict lake Sevan – “Pearl of Armenia” or “Gegham Sea” – one of the largest highland freshwater lakes in the world. This is a real miracle of nature located in the very center of the Armenian Highlands, in a huge mountain cup, framed by picturesque mountain ranges at an altitude of 1900 m.
Monastery of Sevanwank. On the north-western part of the lake, on a narrow rocky peninsula is the famous monument of Armenian medieval architecture – the monastery of Sevanavank.
Monastery of Airwank. Located on the west coast of Lake Sevan in the village of the same name and dates back to the IX – XII centuries.
Cemetery Noratuz. Not far from the monastery Ayrivank, on the shores of Lake Sevan is the village Noratuz, known for the largest cemetery of khachkars.

Good. In the small settlement of Garni, which lies wide along the gorge, on the bottom of which lies a small river Azat, there is a true archaeological complex, united by the common name of Garni. Included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Fortress is good. One of the bright evidence of centuries-old culture of the pre-Christian period of Armenia. It is located in a picturesque mountainous area, with a fantastic view over the picturesque surroundings.
Palace and baths. Of the excavated in the temple of buildings of considerable interest is the palace buildings, in due time, judging by the remnants, many decorated inside and outside.
Temple of the Sun. The true and only masterpiece of Hellenistic architecture in Armenia is the pagan temple of the Sun in Garni. This is one of the oldest monuments of Armenia, preserved since the time of paganism. The only pagan temple on the territory of the CIS, which is completely preserved. Historians attribute its construction to the ancient Armenian king Trdat, who accepted Christianity as an official religion in 301. Although many scholars conclude that it was built in the first century. N. is.
Gegard. A few kilometers from Garni, if you move along the gorge of the Azat River to the north-east, on the slope of the almost closed amphitheater of rocky rocks, surrounded by a rigorous and majestic nature, is the monastery of Gegard or Gegardavank, known for its rocky architecture. A sign of the way to him is the figure of a lioness on a high pedestal in the steep turn of the road, unexpectedly opens the view of the monastery. The monastery is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Chapel of St. Gregory the Illuminator. The first, under the princes of Zakaryan, a chapel of St. Gregory the Illuminator was built.
Temple of Cathogica. In 1215, the main temple was built – Kathogica, the walls of which are stone cliffs.
Church Avazan (1283). By 1240 the work on the first cave church of the monastery – Avazan was completed.
Church of Astvatsatsin (1215). In the second half of the XIII century the monastery was bought by the princes of Proshyanami.
Tsaghkadzor. Translated from the Armenian “Tsakhkadzor” means “Gorge of Flowers”. That’s what it says. The gorge means mountains, snowy peaks, steep rivers, steep cliffs, picturesque valleys, covered with a flower rug. The most popular winter resort in Armenia. There are many ski slopes and several sections of the modern cable car.
Monastery of Kecharis. In the northwestern part of Tsakhkadzor, on the slope of the Pambak Ridge there are three churches of the ancient monastery Kecharis, which in XII-XIII centuries was the great spiritual center of Armenia with its school. Kecharis – is a classic example of the medieval architectural art of Armenia.

Monastery Ahpat. Medieval monastery complex Akhpat was erected in the period X – XIII centuries. Of all the monastic buildings, the main church of St. Nicholas (967 – 991 years) with sculptures outside and painting (XIII – XIV centuries) inside.
Sanayi Monastery. Not far from the city of Alaverdi – one of the largest cities in the Maritime Lori – is an ancient village of Sanahin known for its unique monument – the medieval monastery X – XIII centuries. – a treasure of ancient Armenian architecture. Sanain connects the cable car to Alaverdi.
Ozun Monastery. To the south of the city of Alaverdi is the majestic temple of the Odzun (VI – VII centuries). Despite its ancient age, Odzun has been beautifully preserved.
Fortress Laurieberd. It was built in the X century and is located next to the city of Stepanavan, near which is the Pushkin Pass, where in the XIX century A. Pushkin met a mourning caravan that took the body of A. Griboyedov’s assassinated in Tehran.

Monastery Tatev. The pearl of medieval Armenian architecture Monastery Tatev was built in the IX – XIII centuries. It is difficult to visit because of the difficult access to the area in which it is located. But true connoisseurs of unique monuments of antiquity still find strength and opportunity to visit this masterpiece of medieval architecture. To facilitate the visit to the monastery, it is currently planned to build the longest cable car in the world, which will connect the monastery with a village located on the other side of the canyon.
Satani kamurje (Satanin bridge) – a natural city, created without human intervention over the gorge of the river Vorotan. Near the bridge there are warm thermal springs, which are equipped for swimming.
Caroonj (Coward Carrer). Ancient Observatory. In the Syunik Marz, near the city of Sissiyan, one of the most famous megalithic buildings of Armenia is “Zorats Carer” – a prehistoric monument, consisting of hundreds of vertically placed large 2-meter-stones of menhirs – with through holes in the upper part.
Shaki Waterfall. In the south of Armenia, just a few kilometers from Sissian, there is the Shaki waterfall. Hidden in one of the cozy places of Syunik, the waterfall presents its spectators with its indescribable beauty. Here the day is filled with music of unhurriedly falling water, which, in harmony with the panorama of majestic mountainous nature, brings a wonderful landscape.
Uhtasar – rock paintings V-VI millennium BC is.

Dilijan. The city of Armenia, which has the status of mountain-climatic and balneological resort. It is located in the Tavush Marz, in the gorge of the river Agstev, at an altitude of 1258-1510 m, surrounded by coniferous forests. Dilijan is famous for its truly charming, healing qualities, air, boiled by the aroma of pine trees and creates very favorable conditions for people suffering from pulmonary diseases.
Dilijan Reserve. This is a huge protected area, where the mountains, forests and mineral springs have merged in an extremely picturesque landscape.
Monastery of Hagarzin. If you go from Dilijan to the village of Tehut through the reserved beech forest, the road itself leads to a magnificent monastic complex of the XI – XIII centuries. – Agartsin It is a pearl of the canyon, one of the most mysterious places in Armenia, which is buried in the green mountain forests.
Monastery Goshavank. Not far from the Hagartsin monastery there is another light of the science and culture of ancient Armenia – the Goshavank monastery or Nor Getik, where the great medieval university was located.
Tavush Fortress. On one of the slopes of the gorge of the river Agstev, which abruptly breaks up to the river, from a distance a tall rocky horn with towers of the medieval fortress Tavush (Bird) is visible.

Gyumri. In 1840, Gyumri was officially proclaimed a city. Soon, Alexandroupolis (Gyumri) also became an important center for trade and crafts. In the 60’s of the XIX century. There were more artisans here than in Tbilisi. High development has reached the skill of bricklayers, potters, carpenters, blacksmiths, copper. Not in vain since the XIX century, Gyumri was called the city of Armenian traditions, poets and ashug, crafts and arts. There was a lot of shops, large and small shops, markets. In the middle of the XIX century. The city received genuine planning with a system of squares, connected by broad avenues in the center.
Arichavank Monastery. Monastery complex Arichavank was erected from VII through XIII century. Its main feature is that it was built from huge stones of various shades.
Monastery of Marmashen. Within 10 km from Gyumri, in the village of Marmasshen there is a monastery of Marmashen (X – XIII cent.) – an outstanding cultural and religious center of medieval Armenia.

Source from Wikipedia