The Shimane prefectural Yakumotatu Fudokinooka Museum(島根県立八雲立つ風土記の丘資料館) opened in Matsue, Shimane Prefecture, Japan in 1999. Designed by Kiyonori Kikutake and with a total floor area of 12,500 square metres, it houses a collection of Japanese and Western art, including Momoyama folding screens and paintings by Corot, Sisley, Monet, and Gauguin.
Important Exhibits of the Museum,archaeological finds from Fudoki-no-oka in Shimane Prefecture
Around the Okadai and Takeya districts in the southern part of Matsue City, cultural properties (historical sites, shrines etc.) representing Shimane prefecture are concentrated, and it is the center of ancient Izumo.
Shimane Prefecture comprehensively preserves and utilizes dotted historic sites as a field and museum, with the range of 5 kilometers to the east and west and 4 kilometers north and south, which is a treasure trove of this cultural asset, as “the fountain of the founding fountain Yakumo standing.”
In the hill of Fengshui, major tumuli such as the Yamashiro Nikozuka Kofun largest in Shimane prefecture (front backward tumulus) are distributed, and in the Nara period the Izumo national government · Izumo Kokubunji etc. were established, political · economic · It is a cultural center. Furthermore, there are shrines and temples that are related to the Izumo Master, and the historical culture since ancient times is still alive today.
There is an exhibition hall in the center district, excavated items in the hill of Fudoki and Izumo national fountain copy manuscript etc are exhibited.
Among them, “sweat deer” Haniwa and “Nagatachi Masaru” inscriptions are important cultural assets and are also famous nationwide.
About Fudoki Botanical Garden
About 80 varieties planted in Izumo County, which is presumed to represent what is present, among the plants listed in Izumo Nation Fudoki, which was compiled in Izumo Country in the Nara era (8 th century), is the only fountain botanical garden in the country.
You can see flowers and fruits such as Bimo · Okinagasa in spring, Funabara Ratsou (early summer) · Hiroshigi in summer, Sarasina Shoma, Seane cazera etc in Autumn.
About the Exhibition Learning Center
In a reinforced concrete high floor type one-storied building (1 part 2 stories), the whole building imitates the shape of the anterior posterior mound. The rooftop is an observation platform, and you can see the meaningful plain, the tea ceremony, and the oyama if the weather is good. There is also the Okadayama No. 1 tomb (where you can visit the interior of the stone room) and the funeral botanical garden excavated from the “Masayoshi Masuda” inscriptions with inscriptions.
Exhibition room in the hall is exhibited excavated items in fountain place hills and Izumo-national fountain copy manuscripts. Among them, “sweat deer” Haniwa and “Nagatachi Masaru” inscriptions are important cultural assets and are also famous nationwide. We also hold regular exhibitions of exhibitions.
In the Fudan Botanical Garden, we are growing about 80 plants derived from Izumo Nation Fudoko. It is also the only collection in the whole country, which includes valuable plants such as Funabara Ratsu. Besides that, there are restoration facilities in the area such as pit-type dwellings, mining pillar buildings, medieval dozens.
1. Prologue – Footsteps of meaning –
In the center of the ancient Izumo center “Wisdom”, people living in the Paleolithic age around 20,000 years ago, and also in the Jomon period, who gathered plants, hunted and fished. In the Yayoi era, rice farming is carried out, the number of villages increases, and a foundation as a center can be established.
2. Reproduction – Ancient Wisdom – (Nara era reconstruction model)
A model that restored the landscape of the Nara period, one thousandth of the east and west 4.8 km, 3.5 km north and south. Restored the historical landscape including the county houses, station houses, corps, municipalities, Wang, San-in-Michi, and existing tombs that existed before, as well as the excavated National Agency, Shoso, Temple and Kokubunji . Besides Izumo, it is a must-see diorama that can restore ancient provincial cities so real.
3. Wednesday cloud of Izumo
In the tradition of “Nihon Shoki”, Izumo is also said to have something to do with the origins of the clay rings, but it is displayed with a corner. Among other things, it is very famous as Ishiya Ancient Himeiwa excavated from Ishiya Ancient Tomb of the oldest Japanese (mid-5th century) as a clay ring (Important Cultural Property) and Haniwa group, which is a “returning deer” excavated from the Hirairou (ruins)
4. Footsteps of the Izumo tribe told by the Kofun
Introduction on how the clans of this area grew up as a member of Izumo by following the circumstances, based on the way of an ancient tomb. Above all, Okadayama 1 Mound Excavated “Mr. Futoshi Department” Inscriptions (Important Cultural Properties) with inscriptions are valuable as a fundamental historical record showing that the leader (minister) who has a relationship with Yamato existed in the late sixth century stage.
5. Ancient City Izumo Kokufu
It exhibits its functions and features based on the excavation results of the Izumo Kokufu site. Kokubu is still under investigation and the latest results are introduced one after another. In addition, I introduce aspects of the Nara / Heian period through the Kokubunji temple, the myong temple of the clan and the excavated excavated items.
6. Landscape and cultural property of Fudoki no hill (annex)
Materials will be displayed on transformation of the prefecture in the Middle Ages – modern times and rice paddies, temples in the tombs, shrines in the fountain place. In addition, I introduce the history of research and research leading to excavation of Izumo national government office. On the floor of the exhibition room, aerial photographs of the entire feng shui hill are set up.
Guidance Yamashiro’s village
Guidance The village of Yamashiro is a guidance facility of Yamashiro Nikozuka Kofun and it is also a site of observation of surrounding ruins and tumuli. Inside the facility there are a projection room where you can watch the commentary video of the Yamashiro Nikozuka Kofun, a full size model of the sarcophagus style stone room (Mukoyama No. 1 tomb), a comment panel about the old tumulus, etc. We have preliminary knowledge of the tour I will.
In addition, in the lobby, exhibitions of folk materials, local artists, feng shui plants, etc. are held three to four times a year.
1. Mini theater “Kofun is talking”
Guidance A mini theater (13 minutes) that introduces a quiz format while introducing fun for Yamashiro Nikozuka Kofun that is adjacent to the village of Yamashiro. Yamashiro Nikozuka Kofun is the largest ancient tomb of Shimane prefecture, which is 94 m in length, and it is also known for being named for the first time in Japan as “anterior posterior mound”.
2. Sarcophagus style stone room of the Mukokusama 1 mound (full size reconstruction model)
From the end of the sixth century to the first half of the seventh century, in the eastern part of the Izumo district a unique side-hole type stone chamber using stones was built called a sarcophagus style stone chamber. It is restoring the stone room of Mukaiyama No. 1 mound (Matsue shi Koshihara) which is a typical example to the full size, so that the internal structure can be observed.
3. Stereoscopic map (laminated model) “Oriba · Yamadai area’s Kofun”
Laminated three-dimensional map of the northern part of the hill of Yakumo Standing Feng Shui (Ohba and Sanyo region). This area was once a valley, four large tumuli representing Izumo were concentrated and two temples were built in the Nara period. On the map you can check the positional relationship between these topographies and historical sites.
4. Earth Observation Facility (Yamashiro Nikozuka Kofun)
In the back part of Yamashiro Nikozuka tomb, the former Japanese Army had shaved to build a shooting range around the Meiji 40, but later Shimane Prefecture restored and maintained as a tourist facility. You can see the soil layer in the section of the old tumulus directly.
Yamashiro Nikozuka Kofun / Geological Observatory Facility
Adjacent Yamashiro Nikozuka Kofun is the largest ancient tomb of Shimane Prefecture, which is 94 m in length (150 m including the surrounding excavations) and is also known for being named first “backward tomb of the front” in Japan. It is believed that it was built in the middle of the sixth century, it is said to be a tomb of a powerful clan who ruled the eastern part of Izumo. In the rear part of the ancient tomb, you can observe the cross section of the soil layer artificially stacked during the building process.
This was shaved to build the shooting field of the former army around the Meiji 40, but Shimane prefecture restored and serviced as an observation facility.
Charentayama (Nami Hikiyama)
Guidance It is close to the village of Yamanaki, a mountain (altitude 171.5 m) marked as the famous name of Hino (Frog Nozomi) in “Izumo Nation Fudoki”. It is a mountain where it was believed as an ancient God’s basket and looking from the west, it has a beautiful Mt. Fuji shape. In the Middle Ages it is also used as a mountain castle, and you can also see traces of bellows and Horikiri.
You can climb up to the summit in half an hour (there are some steep slopes on the way). On the top of the mountain you can see the wishful plain which became the stage of “Izumo Nation Fudoki”. When climbing a mountain It is recommended to start from the village of Yamashiro guidance.