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Peter Carl Fabergé

Peter Carl Fabergé (May 30, 1846 – Sep 24, 1920), also known as “Karl Gustavovich Fabergé” (Russian: Карл Густавович Фаберже), was a Russian jeweller, best known for the famous Fabergé eggs, made in the style of genuine Easter eggs, but using precious metals and gemstones rather than more mundane materials

Born in St Petersburg, Russia, by German Baltic Father, Jeweler Gustav Fabergé, and his wife, Danish Charlotte Jungstedt The paternal ancestors of Gustav Fabergé were hymns, originating in La Bouteille, Picardy, who had to leave France following the Edict of Fontainebleau and revoke the Edict of Nantes, first visiting Germany at Berlin, and then, Since the 19th century, in the Baltic province of Livonia, then part of the Russian Empire

Originally educated in St Petersburg in 1860, Gustav Fabergé, together with his wife and children, retired to Dresden, leaving his work in the hands of experienced and trusted managers During these years Peter Carl attended a course at the School of Arts and Crafts in Dresden

In 1864, Peter Carl embarked for a Grand Tour in Europe with the aim of visiting the major jewelers in Germany, France and England, and attending a course in Paris, seeing objects in museums and galleries on the continent

His travels and studies continued until 1872, when at the age of 26 he returned to St Petersburg and married Augusta Julia Jacobs For the next ten years, his father made it possible for Hiskias Pendin’s master to become his mentor and tutor, because in those years the Fabergé workshop had to catalog, repair and restore objects, also coming from the ” Ermitage Given the increase in demand, in 1881, the activity was transferred to one of the main streets of St Petersburg, Bolshish Morskaja 16/18

The reins of the activity:

At the death of Hiskias Pendin in 1882, Carl Fabergé was solely responsible for conducting family activities Carl got the title of Master Jeweler from the government, which allowed him, besides the signature, to put a personal mark on his objects His reputation was so high that he was also avoided by examination by the institute in charge His brother, Agathon, creator of design and great talent, joined the brother’s project, creating an affiliate store in Dresden

Carl and Agathon participated in the Pan-Asian Exhibition, which was held in Moscow in 1882 Carl, for the occasion, obtained the gold medal of the show and the medal of the Order of St Stanislaus One of the best pieces, exhibited for the occasion by the Fabergé family, was the replica of a precious 4th century bracelet in gold from the treasure of Scizia and present in the treasure of the Hermitage, beautiful to the point that the czar , Seeing it, said openly that it was not possible to distinguish reproduction from the original, it was similar From that point on, the works of the Fabergé family became part of the imperial collection and the artists were admitted to court

The eagerness of Fabergé’s work consisted in making every object particularly valuable through the addition of unique designs and details to the world, as well as the use of autos and innovative jewelery systems

In 1885, Tsar Alexander III of Russia gave the House Fabergé the title of Jewelers for the special appointment of the Imperial Crown

Easter eggs:

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The same Tsar commissioned the company to make a precious Easter egg, gold and precious stones, as a gift for the Craven Marija Given the success of the first gift, the Tsar commissioned another for the following year In any case, in 1887, Carl Fabergé gained the freedom to run and the new object became very elaborate and precious According to the tradition of the Fabergé family, not even the Tsar would have known the end result: the only security was that inside, it must have been a surprise The next Tsar, Nicola II, ordered two eggs each year, one for the mother and one for his wife, Aleksandra, and the tradition continued until the October Revolution

Thanks to these items, Fabergé became Russia’s largest jewelery In addition to the headquarters of St Petersburg, other detachments were located in Moscow, Odessa, Kiev and London Between 1882 and 1917, a production of about two hundred thousand precious objects was calculated

In 1900, Peter Carl Fabergé presented his works at the Paris World Exposition, but as he was a member of the jury, the House Fabergé performed hors concours (out of competition) In any case, the House got the gold medal of the show and the association of the Parisian jewelers recognized Carl Fabergé as the title of maître In addition, Carl Fabergé was decorated with the Knight Cross of the Honored Legion

Peter Carl Fabergé, a talented entrepreneur, transformed his family’s goldsmithing and retail jewelry business into the internationally famed House of Fabergé The firm’s success was established in 1885, when Fabergé was appointed goldsmith to the imperial family and thereafter secured numerous important commissions from Czars Alexander III and Nicholas II Fabergé’s worldwide acclaim is due mainly to the series of enameled and jeweled imperial Easter eggs it created between 1884 and 1916 However, the company also produced dinner services, tea services, jewelry, hardstone figurines, and an impressive variety of novelty items including cigarette cases, picture frames, cane handles, seals, opera glasses, and snuff boxesFabergé directed the firm’s artistic and commercial concerns while employing workmasters to oversee design and production

The Russian Revolution and Nationalization:

In 1916, Casa Fabergé could count on a company capital of three million rubles

The following year, with the outbreak of the October Revolution, the company’s management was entrusted to the Company’s Employee Committee by C Fabergé In 1918, the Fabergé House was nationalized by the Bolsheviks and all the pieces in the warehouse were confiscated

After the nationalization of the factory’s work, Carl Fabergé left Saint Petersburg with a diplomatic train to Riga In mid-November, the revolution had already reached Lithuania and, again, Carl moved to Germany, settling first in Bad Homburg and then In Wiesbaden Eugene, Charles’s eldest son, managed to escape with his mother in Finland, where he walked in December 1918 During June 1920, Eugene came to Wiesbaden, reuniting with her parent and accompanying her father to Switzerland, where she took shelter , With the family, the Bellevue Hotel, and Pully at Lausanne

Peter Carl Fabergé never came back from the shock of the Russian Revolution and died in Switzerland on September 24, 1920 His body resides in Cimetière du Grand Jas in Cannes, France, along with his wife, who died in 1925

Fabergé had four children: Eugène (1874-1960), Agathon (1876-1951), Alexander (1877-1952) and Nicholas (1884-1939)

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