Nautical tourism is tourism that combines sailing and boating with vacation and holiday activities. It can be travelling from port to port in a cruise ship, or joining boat-centered events such as regattas or landing a small boat for lunch or other day recreation at specially prepared day boat-landings. It is a form of tourism that is generally more popular in the summertime.
First defined as an industry segment in Europe and South America, it has since caught on in the United States and the Pacific Rim.
Nautical tourism is not only a pleasant way to see unique places in the world, it is also a very profitable industry. Many tourists who enjoy sailing combine water tourism with other activities. The supply of equipment and accessories for these activities has given rise to companies for these purposes. 1 With many nautical enthusiasts living aboard their yachts in the port, nautical tourists bring demand for a variety of goods and services. Ports developed especially for nautical tourists have been built in Europe, South America and Australia.
Many tourists who enjoy sailing combine water travel with other activities. Supplying the equipment and accessories for those activities has spawned businesses for those purposes. With many nautical enthusiasts living on board their vessels even in port, nautical tourists bring demand for a variety of goods and services. Marinas developed especially for nautical tourists have been built in Europe, South America and Australia.
Tourist services available at marinas catering to nautical tourists include:
Leasing of berths for sailing vessels and nautical tourists who live on board.
Leasing of sailing vessels for holiday and recreational use (charter, cruising and similar),
Reception, safe-guarding and maintenance of sailing vessels.
Provision of stock (water, fuel, supplies, spare parts, equipment and similar).
Preparation and keeping sailing vessels in order.
Providing information to nautical enthusiasts (weather forecasts, nautical guides etc.)
Leasing of water scooters, jet skis, and other water equipment.
History of nautical tourism is associated with the history of maritime navigation. Since maritime journeys in history have been undertaken not only from conquest and economic initiatives, but also from curiosity, adventure and entertainment, history of nautical tourism is an element of maritime history.
In the ancient century there are numerous records of maritime travel. Homer’s description in Odyssey and Iliad (lives in the 8th century BC) The center of the trip is Mediterranean and Greece. In ancient Greece, Rome, Egypt, China, rowing competitions within various waterfalls on the water. At the beginning of the new century, the experience of navigation from the ancient world is taken over by the Arabs and transmitted to Spain. Later on, the Italian cities of Genoa and Venice report themselves as maritime forces in the Mediterranean. At that time, various rowing competitions are known, which, apart from the Mediterranean, extend to England.
At the time of great discovery, the focus of the seafaring movement moved from the Mediterranean to Portugal, where the first maritime school was founded in the middle of the 15th century, and since the 16th century, the first maritime charts with detailed instructions for navigation have been dated to known parts of the world. Magellan travels around the world in 1519 with a map of the world made by Leonardo da Vinci in 1515.
At the time of James Cook’s nautical journey in 1779, naval navigation was used by modern navigation methods that were later only perfected. The history of travel by sea is full of exciting adventures, heroic endeavors, difficult human destinies and interesting events. Until modern electronic and satellite navigation devices and modern ships, navigation was difficult and full of risk. That’s why only experienced seafarers have entered directions at a greater distance.
The first overseas cruises, which can be considered the forerunner of modern nautical tourism, were recorded at the end of the 18th century. In 1866, the Americans Hadson and Fitch crossed the Atlantic in 38 days, and in 1870, Dubrovnik’s Niko Primorac moved from Europe to America in the first sailboat.
The major challenges were traveling around the world. In 1895, American Slokum sailed the first 11 m long sailing boat around the globe. The journey of 46,000 nautical miles lasting more than 3 years has given a great impetus to the development of nautical sports. History of traveling around the world records numerous ventures. They vary according to the size or type of ship to which they are carried out either by the navigation route, navigation directions, etc.
Expansion of nautical tourism, along with other forms of maritime tourism, began in the sixties of the last century. Prior to this, around 1920 in the United States, specialized ports, marinas for the reception of ships intended for entertainment and sport were established. The cradle of recreational navigation in Europe is the Dutch channels where the regattas are held in the 16th century.
Yachting in the 17th and 18th centuries developed on the Channel and the seas of Great Britain. In about 1700, the English nobility had about 300 yachts in Thames. The first sporting sailing club was founded in 1720 in the Irish city of Cork and had 25 members. The number of pleasure boats continues to grow and in the 19th century it gets massive changes.
The first sailing regatta was held in 1749 on the Thames. In England, in the 19th century, club competitions spread across Europe. Thus, in 1830, the first club was established in Sweden, 1839 in France, 1856 in Portugal, 1867, and Italy, 1890 in Split on the Adriatic coast.
Water sports such as rowing and sailing are the Olympic disciplines of the first games in 1986. In the 19th century, large nuclei, sharks, which are only available to the rich, are built. New solutions and building techniques have made it possible for many types of smaller vessels to be available in broad layers of views during the 20th century, thus expanding all forms of sports and recreation on the water.
Modern nautical tourism in many respects is connected with numerous and prestigious sailing regattas in the world whose tradition is long and more than a century old. Such regattas become not only the places of competition, but also the places of gathering and showing prestige, innovations in the design of vessels and sails, developing competitive spirit, socializing, sharing experiences, promoting each type, one word of tourism.
In the history of the development of maritime entertaining touristic trips, a special place takes on tranquility trips across the Atlantic. In the years before the First World War and between the two wars, a real race was struck to increase the speed and comfort of ships that connected the two sides of the Atlantic, American and European. The symbol of this struggle for prestige, but also the luxury of the then rich world, is the tragic fate of Titanic. Ships of magnificent and luxurious names have earned sound names, such as “Queen Mery”, “Queen Elisabeth”, “Normandia”, “France” have remained to this day a symbol of romantic tourist maritime travel.
In the shadow of that shine, there was a much more massive passenger traffic across the Atlantic that transported rivers of economic emigrants from the old to the new world on the third and passenger cargo ships. The crisis of these trips arises from the development of aviation. When a plane entered the airplane, it was often a matter of prestige to use this new means of transport. By the end of the 1950s, aviation took over primacy on transatlantic routes, and thus began a new era – the development of a tourist cruise fleet.
The development of tourist cruises to large ships, observed from the aspect of construction of special purpose vessels, began in the late sixties and early seventies. At that time, passenger ships re-orient themselves into cruise ships. They were considered to have smaller dimensions. For example. ‘Queen Mary’ received 2283 passengers.
The construction of boats for tourist cruises since the 1970s is undergoing a series of phases. In the period from 1970-1975. 25 ships were built, up to 1980 5, as a result of the world’s oil price increase. After that, the number of ship orders increases, but also their size. In the early nineties, the largest cruise ship received 2,600 passengers. The tendency of capacity increase continues, and today plans are being made for the construction of vessels of more than 5000 passengers.
In 1945, there were only 16 steamers in the SFR Yugoslavia, and in 1953, 39th by the Partizan Boat in 1953, the first round trip after the work on the Adriatic coast was completed. The construction of ships ‘Yugoslavia’ in 1956, then the ‘Jadran’ and ‘Jedinstvo’ marks the beginning of the development of tourist cruises by the Adriatic.
Windjammer Parade at Kiel Week in Germany, a major water tourism attraction
Among the more interesting locations frequented by nautical tourists, Greek islands and the Croatian coast offers services at more than 50 ports, touting it as Mediterranean as it once was. Croatia’s Greece’s efforts have been so successful they have been offered to the tourism industry as a model for sustainable nautical tourism. During this year’s Adriatic Boat Show the official ceremony of opening the construction site of marina for mega-yachts has been held. Marina Mandalina & Yacht Club, situated in Šibenik, in 2011 will be able to accept 79 yachts up to 100 meters in length and provide them a complete service. Italy has gone to great lengths to attract boating tourists to its ports as well.
Water travel used to be the only form of transportation between cities in the Netherlands. Since improvements in the road and rail structure, less and less commercial freight water traffic is using the water. In the latter half of the 20th century the growth of water tourism exceeded the amount of freight traffic, and older cities whose ports were long disused refurbished them for water tourists. Water tourists are a strong lobby for protecting old water routes from being closed or filled. Both refurnished antique canal boats (“salonboten”) and modern tour boats (“rondvaartboten”) are available for tourist day trips in most Dutch cities. A steady tourist industry has kept both the old canals of Amsterdam and their canal mansions open for water traffic. Their popularity has introduced water traffic safety laws to ensure that the commercial passenger boats have right-of-way over private skiffs and low yachts, while preventing fatal accidents.
To reduce the less desired side-effects of popular watertourist spots, the public awards stimulate sustainable tourist innovations, such as the EDEN award for the electricity-propelled tourist boats in De Weerribben-Wieden National Park.
Australia has invested $1.5 billion in facilities designed to attract nautical tourists and promote development of nautical tourism as a segment of the tourist trade.
A growing worldwide industry segment, nautical tourism has become popular in South America. The Brazilian Ministry of Tourism has a website devoted to the subject. Puerto Rico has seen its share of growth in nautical tourism as well. Not to be outdone, the Chilean Economic Development Agency has launched the Chilean Patagonia Nautical Tourism Program to develop and attract nautical tourists to the Chilean coast.
The United States
Nautical tourism is big business, even in the United States. In the Southeast, the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway, a meandering river and canal system that traverses Alabama and Mississippi linking the Tennessee River with the Gulf of Mexico, has become a favorite boating trail for nautical tourists who want a diverse route with a scenic view. Originally conceived as an alternate shipping route for barges destined for the Midwest, the route proved too awkward for large tows. However, boating enthusiasts discovered it as a great way to see Middle-America. Stops along the way include Mobile, Alabama, Demopolis, Alabama, and Amory and Columbus in Mississippi. Travelling north from the Gulf, boaters can follow the Tennessee River its intersection with the Ohio and travel a circuitous route back to the Gulf by way of New Orleans.
Likewise, the Intracoastal Waterway system, which stretches from Texas to New Jersey, has long provided nautical tourists with a well-marked channel and an inside passage that allows boaters to travel from southern Texas up the eastern seaboard without having to venture onto the high seas. Using this route, boaters can stop at Galveston, Texas, any number of towns in southern Louisiana, including New Orleans. Farther west, Apalachicola, Florida provides a glimpse of Florida the way it used to be.
Source from Wikipedia