National Museum of Nature and Science, Japan

The National Museum of Nature and Science is a Japanese museum operated by the National Science Museum.

The National Museum of Nature and Science states, “Survey and research on natural history and other natural sciences and their applications, and collection, storage (including upbringing) of these materials, and public display of them, etc. The purpose of this museum is to promote the promotion of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Article 3). This museum is not a museum under the Museum Law, but a museum-equivalent facility. This is because museum law does not cover national facilities. He has conducted many projects as a leader in museums across the country. It was separated from the country by the incorporation of an independent administrative agency, but has since its name “National”. This is a special case recognized because it is necessary to show that it is a national agency in relation to foreign countries.

There are three facilities, two in Tokyo and one in Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture. The exhibition facilities are Ueno Main Building located in Ueno Onshi Park, Taito-ku, Tokyo, Attached Nature Education Park located in Minato-ku, Tokyo, Tsukuba Experimental Botanical Garden (Tsukuba Botanical Garden) located in Tsukuba City, Ibaraki Prefecture, and Showa Memorial There is the Tsukuba Research Museum (located on the grounds of the Tsukuba Experimental Botanical Garden, generally closed to the public). Research divisions were located in Hyakunincho, Shinjuku-ku (Shinjuku annex) and Tsukuba City (on the premises of the Tsukuba Experimental Botanical Garden), but were consolidated in 2012 in the Tsukuba area.

When referring to the Ueno Main Building, there are cases where the entire facility in the Ueno area is referred to and where only the building called the Japanese Pavilion is included.

Generally speaking, the National Science Museum is synonymous with the facilities of the Ueno Main Building. The building called the Japanese Pavilion, which faces the entrance, is strongly impressed by people as a symbol of the hotel.

With the recent incorporation of an independent administrative corporation, there is a strong demand to play a national role. The merger with the National Museum was undertaken in the course of administrative reform, but at the moment they are operated as separate corporations without being merged. Like the museum, the National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation is a science museum that involves the government, but it is a corporation that has no relation to each other.

The director is Yoshihiro Hayashi (appointed on April 1, 2013).

In this article, we mainly refer to the Ueno Main Building. For other facilities, see the respective items.

The museum originated in 1872 with the establishment of a museum inside the Yushima Shrine. It was founded when the Education Museum was established in 1877. After that, it was attached to a higher normal school, and as a museum the activity was sometimes stagnant. In response to the growing momentum for the establishment of the Science Museum during the Taisho era, a new building (now called the “Japan Pavilion”) was built in Ueno Park in 1930, and renamed the Tokyo Science Museum the following year. Became a facility in Tokyo. In 1949, it was transferred to the country and became the current National Science Museum. After that, we incorporated the Nature Education Center and the Resource Science Research Institute. With the development of the Tsukuba Science City, the Tsukuba Experimental Botanical Garden was established as an affiliated facility. This will give you a rough idea of ​​your current location.

4,75,991 points (as of 2011). The number of permanent exhibits is about 14,000. Others are stored and studied in the Tsukuba area.

Animal Research Department-1,985,977
Plant Research Department-1,662,117 items
Earth Science Research Department-238,629
Humanity Research Division-160,723 items
Science and Engineering Research Department-28,545 points
About 100,000 items are newly collected each year, and the number has increased to about 4.7 million as of FY2019.)

Designated cultural property
Among the collections, the following are designated as national important cultural properties.

Astronomical globes and globes Haruka Shibukawa (attached: 2 old pedestal boards)
The globe was made in 1695, and the celestial globe was made in 1697.
Perpetual self-sounding bell (perpetual clock) Hisashige Tanaka
A mechanical table clock made by Hisashige Tanaka, founder of the Tanaka Factory, which leads to Toshiba. Made in Kaei 4 (1851). The owner is Toshiba. In 1931, he was deposited at the Tokyo Science Museum (the predecessor of the National Science Museum). Exhibited on the 2nd floor of the Earth Museum. See the perpetual bell for details.
Astronomical telescope (8-inch equator)
A astronomical observation telescope imported from the United Kingdom by the Meiji government in 1880 (Meiji 13). Made by Troughton & The Sims. The first full-scale and largest telescope imported into Japan. It was used at the National Astronomical Observatory until 1967. Exhibited at the south wing of the 1st floor of the Japan Pavilion.
Milne horizontal pendulum seismometer (Appendix: 41 earthquake records)
The oldest seismometer in Japan. It was installed on the premises of Tokyo Imperial University in 1899. Invented by Milne, a mining engineer and seismologist from England. Milne was invited in 1876 as a teacher of the Ministry of Engineering’s engineering dormitory, and came to Japan to focus on Japan’s seismic and volcanic activities, devising a seismograph to observe and study earthquakes. This type of seismometer has been deployed around the world, making it the first global seismic network. Exhibited on the south wing of the 1st floor of the Japan Pavilion.
Sogon machine (tin foil phonograph) made in the UK (attached to wooden box)
A gramophone first introduced to Japan. British A. Ewing (James Alfred Ewing) had J.Milne & Son Makers in Edinburgh make it and brought it to Japan. On November 16, 1878, the first sound was recorded and played back in Japan at the laboratory at Hitotsubashi, the Faculty of Science, the University of Tokyo (located at the current bachelor’s hall). Reproductions are exhibited on the 2nd floor of the Earth Museum.

In addition, the Japanese Pavilion was designated as an Important Cultural Property in June 2008 as the “Former Main Building of the Tokyo Science Museum”. See below for details.

Former Tokyo Science Museum Main Building
The building was completed in September 1931 as the Tokyo Science Museum main building as part of the Great Kanto Earthquake reconstruction project. Neo-Renaissance style. The design is by Kenzo Kasuya, a Ministry of Education of the Ministry of Education. It was designated as an Important Cultural Property on June 9, 2008.

The building is loved by the people and has the side as an icon of the National Science Museum, and looks like an airplane when viewed from above. In addition to the exhibition hall, it has facilities such as a dome and an auditorium for astronomical observation.

It is designed to withstand the Great Kanto Earthquake class earthquake, and it is said that there is no problem even in light of the current Building Standard Law.


The Ueno Main Building has the theme of “Aiming for Coexistence of Humanity and Nature” and consists of two exhibition halls, the Japan Pavilion and the Earth Pavilion.

Japan Pavilion
The theme is “Nature and us of the Japanese archipelago.” Reopened on April 17, 2007. The exhibition area is 3 floors above ground and 1 floor below ground.

3rd floor south wing real face of Japanese archipelago
The geology of the Japanese archipelago and the living things in the complex natural environment of the Japanese archipelago are displayed by climate and terrain. In the long run, the Japanese archipelago has undergone rapid changes due to crustal movement, creating complex geology and mountainous terrain. In addition, the four seasons change clearly, and are strongly influenced by monsoons and ocean currents. Such a complex natural environment, both topographically and climatically, has nurtured diverse creatures.

Brown bear
Yanbaru Kuina
Crowned eagle

3rd floor mineral exhibition room
Exhibits Japanese minerals, centered on the Sakurai mineral collection donated by Kinichi Sakurai.

Natural gold
Kinichi stone
Meteorite dropped in Japan
Tagami meteorite (the largest meteorite that has fallen into Japan), Shirahagi meteorite, Yonenotsu meteorite, Kesen meteorite, Sone meteorite, Satsuma meteorite, Kokubunji meteorite, etc.

The third floor northern wing The Japanese archipelago
Explains the history of the Japanese archipelago by displaying rocks that represent the formation of the Japanese archipelago and fossils of various living things discovered in Japan. This archipelago has a rare geological background, which is rare in the world, and many creatures have flourished and extinct. The traces of creatures engraved in the stratum tell the history of the dynamic changes that took place before Japan split off from the continent and became an archipelago.

Futabasuzu Kiryu
Fossil dragon fossil discovered for the first time in Japan. The sculptor Etsura Komura’s restored skeleton, real fossil specimens, replicas of the state of affairs, and fossil shark teeth found together are displayed.
Japan’s oldest fossil. In 1996, it was discovered in a stratum exposed in Iwatsuya, Okuhida hot-spring village in Takayama City, Gifu Prefecture (formerly Kamitakara Village, Yoshiki-gun). It is said to be of the middle to late Paleozoic Ordovician (about 472 to 439 million years ago).
The oldest fish dragon in the world.
The first dinosaur fossil found in Japan.
Plant fossils such as beech nuts (acorns)
The place of origin is Ekoda, Nakano-ku, Tokyo.
Akebono Elephant Skull
Oki Seto Inland Sea, Akashi City, Hyogo Prefecture
Eastern elephant
Produced in Ube City, Yamaguchi Prefecture
Naumann Elephant Skull
Produced in Narita City, Chiba Prefecture
Naumann elephant mandible
Produced in Shibuya-ku, Tokyo. A part of a skeleton found during construction of the Meiji Jingumae Station on the Eidan subway in 1971.
Horned deer

2nd floor south wing Japanese archipelago of creatures
Explains creatures that have evolved independently in the Japanese archipelago, adapting to complex environments. Creatures that migrated from the continent to the Japanese archipelago across the straits that landed during the glacial era during the repetition of the glacial period and the interglacial period that lasted about 1.7 million years ago, during the interglacial period separated by the sea Has uniquely differentiated while adapting to the natural environment of the Japanese archipelago, such as its varied climate and complex terrain.

Amami rabbit
Iriomote wild cat
Flying fox
Ogasawara flying fox
Amami Saw Stag
Snow camellia, Japanese camellia

The second floor north wing Japanese and nature
It explains the process of the formation of the present Japanese people in the nature of the Japanese archipelago and the history of their relationship with nature. Approximately 40,000 years ago, our ancestors found and settled in the borders of East Asia, the Japanese archipelago full of forest and sea blessings. Since then, various people from all over Asia have come to the Japanese archipelago with their own culture, and have developed while maintaining their uniqueness while merging with each other. Our ancestors have been well acquainted with the nature of the Japanese archipelago while devising inventions such as inventing earthenware and improving cultivated plants.

Skeleton specimen of Japanese wolf
Skeleton specimen of Japanese otter
Stuffed stuffed dog Hachiko
Giro stuffed
Karafuto dog accompanying the Antarctic observation team. The stuffed taro is on display at the Hokkaido University Botanical Garden.
Edo period mummy
A woman’s dead wax body found at the Yanaka Misakicho site (Taito-ku, Tokyo) was mummified during the research process.
There is also an exhibit of “moving specimens” called “modern people.”

1st floor south wing
Explains the past science and technology of Japanese people. The delicate observation eyes cultivated in the changing seasons and various natures, and the originality of the manufacturing cultivated in daily life. The literature, works, tools and devices of the time, which are being told today, speak eloquently of the traces of our science and technology activities.

Trollton & Sims Astronomical Telescope
Important cultural property
Milne horizontal pendulum seismometer
Important cultural property

1st basement floor
General Information Center, Friendship Counter, Museum Shop, Cafe, Lounge
Theater 36 ○
Multipurpose room (used for some exhibitions)
Foucault pendulum

Earth Museum
The theme is “Earth life history and humanity”. The exhibition area is 3 stories above ground and 3 stories below ground. The first phase of construction was completed in 1998. The permanent exhibition will be released from April 24 of the following year. Grand opening on November 2, 2004 after completion of the second phase construction. The renovation of the north side exhibition hall started in September 2014, and the following year, the construction was completed and the grand opening on July 14th.

Herb garden, parasol garden

3rd Floor Life on the Earth / Parent and Child’s Battleground Compass
There are various mammals and birds as proof of the richness of the global environment. Here, their appearance when they lived strongly is stuffed and still retains its charm.

Exhibition of stuffed mammals and birds.
Yoshimoto Collection
World-wide large stuffed mammal specimens by Japanese American Watson T. Yoshimoto.
Giant panda taxidermy
The father and daughter of Fei Fei (male, died in 1994) and Ton Tong (female, born in 1986, died in 2000) at Onishi Ueno Zoo. Hoang Hoang (Ton Ton’s mother) is also on the first floor of the Earth Museum.
Japanese wolf taxidermy
One stuffed stuffed animal with only four in the world.
Lecture room
Laboratory room

Open space of parent and child compass
Exhibition room for children and their parents. The purpose is to encourage communication between parents and children born from “play” and to develop the ability to feel and think.

Exhibition room for children aged 4 to 6 and their parents. It was opened to the public at the reopening of 2015. The emphasis is on discovering children rather than teaching them, and parents and children can interact with exhibits. The name comes from the desire that the experience here will guide future life.

2nd floor History of science and technology / Exploring the earth with science and technology
This section introduces how science and technology since the Edo era have developed while accepting foreign cultures, rooted in Japan’s unique culture.

Wakan 3-year-old art festival
Electricity (replica)
Mechanism “tea-carrying doll”
Perpetual bell
Important cultural property
Celestial globe and globe
Zero type fighter
Takayanagi Television
Mechanical calculator
CVCC engine
Pencil rocket
Baby T rocket
Actual device for artificial satellite “Osumi” experiment
Space experiment / observation free flyer (SFU) actual machine
Spacecraft Hayabusa full-scale reconstruction model
This movie was created for the film “Hayabusa: The Great Return”.
The probe is a particle of the asteroid Itokawa collected by Hayabusa

Exploring the Earth with science and technology (open to the public at the time of the renewal opening in July 2015)
At the observation station, images and data showing the changing state of the earth are introduced in near real time. Through a number of hands-on exhibitions, the physics field related to light and magnetism, which is the basis of the observation technology, is devised so that it can be intuitively experienced.Furthermore, geophysical knowledge is introduced to familiar phenomena such as magnetic fields To do.
Observation station
Introducing images and data showing the changing state of the earth in near real time.
Science exploring the earth

Mezzanine Great Science and Technology-Japanese Scientists and Engineers-
Scientists and technologies introduced at special exhibitions such as the “Japanese Scientists and Engineers Exhibition Series” so that young people who will play a role in Japan in the future can feel more familiar with Japanese scientists and engineers. The portrait (relief) of the person is exhibited.

Introducing Japanese scientists and engineers with reliefs.
Shizasaburo Kitasato, Jokichi Takamine, Yoshio Nishina, Hantaro Nagaoka, Masashi Kikuchi, Shoichi Sakata, Shinichiro Tomonaga, Hideki Yukawa, Kumagusu Minamikata, Ginko Ogino, Yayoi Yoshioka, Aya Kagawa, Kono Yasui, Chika Kuroda, Toshiko Yuasa, Hideyo Noguchi , Kikuchi Grand Foot, Takagi Sadaharu, Kodaira Kunihiko, Shida Rinzaburo, Fujioka Ichisuke

Ground floor Various creatures of the earth / Earth history navigator
Explains the state of modern creatures that have evolved in various ways. Here, we introduce living organisms that have evolved into many species, adapting to various environments, and having unique forms and lifestyles and deeply interacting with each other.

Giant panda taxidermy
Hoang Hoang (female, mother of Ton Tong, dying in 1997) was bred at Ueno Zoo. Fei Fei and Ton Tong are on display on the third floor of the Earth Museum.
Sperm whale
A skeletal specimen of a sperm whale that died on April 6, 2000 at the coast of Osuka Town, Shizuoka Prefecture (at that time). He is approximately 16 meters long at life and weighs about 50 tons.
Minke whale
A specimen of giant squid, launched on December 24, 1996 on the Hago Coast in Tottori Prefecture. The torso is 171 cm, and the distance from the back of the fin to the tip of the eight arms is about 450 cm. Two tentacles were missing at the time of drifting. Actor Tom Hanks sneaked out to visit the National Science Museum to see this specimen next day.
Asian elephant “Indira”
Giraffe “Takao”
A giraffe came to Ueno Zoo from Kenya in 1952.
Bengal Monitor Lizard
Bengal wild cat
Caucasus beetle
Snow leopard
Hawk Crab
Strangler tree
Earth History Navigator
A journey through time, overlooking 13.8 billion years, with specimens, materials and images, with the theme of epic tales of space, life and human history. A symbol zone that connects the entire exhibition hall of the Earth Museum.
It was opened to the public when the renewal opened in July 2015.

Underground 1st floor Global environment fluctuation and evolution of living things-Exploring the mystery of dinosaurs-
Explains dinosaurs. Modern reptiles and birds are completely different creatures, but studies of dinosaurs have revealed the continuity of their evolution one after another. The origin, size, diversification, extinction and the mystery of dinosaurs are unknown. How much testimony can we hear from silent fossils?

Hipaclosaurus (real specimen)
Triceratops (real specimen)
An individual found in North Dakota, United States. Only two triceratops skeletons have been found in the world, but one of them is real. The left half, which was exposed on the surface of the ground, was eroded away, but the right half, which was underground, had almost all bones except the tail. Nicknamed “Raymond”. It is on display (underground side up), lying in the same stratum as it was discovered.
Tyrannosaurus (replica)
An individual with the nickname “Bucky” discovered in South Dakota, USA. Nicknamed after the name of the discoverer, Cowboy Bucky Derflinger.
Apatosaurus (real specimen)
Produced in Thermapolis, Wyoming, USA. It is presumed that almost the whole body is the same individual except for the latter part of the head and tail. A good specimen that fits into ten fingers among the fossils of Apatosaurus.
Stegosaurus (real specimen)
Scorosaurus (real specimen)

2nd basement floor Changes in global environment and evolution of living things-Mystery of birth and extinction-
Explains ancient creatures other than dinosaurs. Life born about 4 billion years ago has evolved through repeated births and extinctions in a rapidly changing global environment. Humans were born from mammals that had greatly developed after the extinction of dinosaurs and spread all over the world. Follow the path of its evolution.

Stella Daikaigyu
Columbia Mammoth
American Mastodon
Minerals, ores, rocks, meteorites
Standard fossil
Arthropod trace fossils
Australopithecus aphalensis “Lucy”
Turkana Boy
Homo flow resistance
Ancient Polynesian double canoe “Cafriau”

3rd Basement Space / Materials / Law / Activities of Science Expo
The vast universe, the mysterious life, the materials that make it up, and the rules that govern them-knowing them is the basis of all scientific recognition. Introduces the results of our quests that have broadened our horizons and changed our understanding of nature, and the people who have contributed to them.

Moon Stone
Two types, one collected by Apollo 11 and the other collected by Apollo 17.
Apollo 11 moon stone
An Apollo 11 (1969) astronaut who completed the first moon landing on humans, collected in a quiet sea. In 1970, it was donated by President Nixon to Prime Minister Eisaku Sato and exhibited at the Japan Pavilion at the Expo Osaka. It is different from the moonstone exhibited at the American Pavilion, which was the highlight of the Osaka Expo.
Apollo 17 moon stone
Astronaut of Apollo 17 (1972), the last mission of the Apollo program, collected from the Taurus Mountains on the moon. In 1973, it was donated by the US government.
Nantan meteorite
The largest fragment of the Nantan meteorite. 1,710kg.
Metric prototype (replica)
Kilogram prototype (replica)
Galileo’s telescope (on-site reproduction)
Newton’s telescope (reproduction)
Fog box

Theater 36 ○ (Theater San Roc Mar)
A 360-degree spherical image theater with a screen covering the entire wall inside the sphere. Relocated the “Room of the Earth” that was open to the public at Nagakute Japan Pavilion, Expo 2005 Aichi. Open to the public on December 21, 2006.

Standing on a bridge passed through the center of the sphere, you can watch the image projected on the entire wall inside the sphere with an inner diameter of 12.8 meters, which is about one millionth of the size of the earth. Until December 13, 2009, two films were screened every two months, one from the Expo 2005 Aichi and one from the original image of the National Science Museum (the first phase). From December 22, 2009, a new video was added to the original video, and it was screened in combination with the original video. In addition, three films of Expo 2005 Aichi will be shown together at around 19:00 every Friday.

On March 18, 2019, it was announced that the theater was renewed and that Ise Foods acquired the naming right and became “Ise Foods THEATR36 ○” for four years. On March 19, it was reopened. On July 26 of that year, the number of visitors reached 6 million.

Expo 2005 Aichi
“Blue glow”
“Green whisper”
“The glitter of life”
National Science Museum original video
1st work
“The World of Dinosaurs: Understanding from Fossils” Narrator: Peter Barakán
“Mantle and Earth Changes-Amazing Earth Inside” Narrator: Peter Barakán
Phase 2 work
“A Journey of 13.7 Billion Years in the Universe-Everything Was Born from Stars” (Released on December 22, 2009) Narrator: Naoto Takenaka Music: Kenji Kawai
“The Food Chain of the Sea-Energy Flow Connecting the Bluefin Tuna from the Sun” (Released on March 20, 2010) Narrator: Naoto Takenaka Music: Kenji Kawai
The third work
“The Journey of Mankind-The Spread of Homo Sapiens (Rookie) and History of Creation” (Released on March 16, 2013)
The fourth work
“The Deep Sea-Jet-Black Frontier Illuminated by a Submersible-” (March 19, 2019) Narrator: Kubota et al.
Every Friday (screening provided by external organizations from 19:00)
“Nishinoshima: Overflowing Underground Energy” (NHK Enterprise Production)
“Story of Radiation” (Fukushima Environmental Creation Center, Commutan Fukushima Production)
“Fukushima Renaissance” (ibid.)
Sea Food Chain received the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Prize at the Eibunren Award 2010 (sponsored by the Association for the Promotion of Image Culture).

Outdoor exhibition
Blue whale mockup
It was created to replace the existing model of a humpback whale (completed in March 1973). It is a life-size image of the largest individual. Completed in March 1994.
D51 type steam locomotive 231
Originally, the No. 603 was scheduled to be preserved as the last participating car at the JNR factory, but it was burned down by the fire in the Oiwake engine zone that was kept and was quickly replaced. In addition, only the frontal part of the burned-out 603 remains unburned and is preserved in the 19th century hall in Kyoto Prefecture.
Launcher for lambda rocket
On February 11, 1970, Japan launched the first artificial satellite “Osumi”. Displayed on the back (east side) of the Earth Museum.

Shops and restaurants
Kahaku Museum Shop-B1F, Japanese Pavilion. Operated by The Study Room since November 2004.
Restaurant “MOUSEION”-Meijikan mezzanine floor. Operated by Ueno Seiyoken since April 2005.
April 2003-March 2005 is “musee basara ueno”.