NanoArt is a novel art discipline related to science and technology. It depicts natural or synthetic structures with features sized at the nanometer scale, which are observed by electron or scanning probe microscopy techniques in scientific laboratories. The recorded two or three dimensional images and movies are processed for artistic appeal and presented to the general audience.
One of the aims of NanoArt is to familiarize people with nanoscale objects and advances in their synthesis and manipulation. NanoArt has been presented at traditional art exhibitions around the world. Besides, online competitions have been launched in the 2000s such as the “NANO” 2003 show at Los Angeles County Museum of Art and “Nanomandala”, the 2004 and 2005 installations in New York and Rome by Victoria Vesna and James Gimzewski, and the regular “Science as Art” section launched at the 2006 Materials Research Society Meeting.
As early as 1997, some scientists at Cornell University made a first work similar to the concept of nanoart. There are several artists who have created works of nanoart: Cris Orfescu (considered among the leaders of the movement ), Victoria Vesna, Loris Greud, Giuliana Cunéaz and Grit Ruhland.
A characteristic example of nanoart is A Boy and His Atom, a one-minute stop-motion animated film created in 2012 by IBM Research from 242 images sized by 45×25 nm, which were recorded with a scanning tunneling microscope. The movie tells the story of a boy and a wayward atom who meet and become friends. The film was accepted into the Tribeca Online Film Festival and shown at the New York Tech Meet-up and the World Science Festival.
Earlier in 2007 a book Teeny Ted from Turnip Town was created at the Simon Fraser University in Canada using a gallium-ion beam with a diameter of ~7 nanometers. The book contains 30 silicon-based pages sized by 0.07×0.10 mm; it was published in 100 copies and has an ISBN number.
In 2015, Jonty Hurwitz pioneered a new technique for creating nanosculpture using multiphoton lithography and photogrammetry. His work Trust was prepared in collaboration with Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and set a Guinness World Record as the “Smallest Sculpture of a Human Form”.
History of creation
Its creator, Chris Orfescu, is a Romanian scientist and artist living in the USA. Chris has always had an interest in nanotechnology as the most advanced science. Almost 30 years ago, during the study, he was so amazed at the structure and the intricacies of the substance in his tiny particle that he began to explore the depths of the interaction of art, science and technology, and the art of the new species, NanoArt, was born.
The most important object of this trend in art was the image of matter. Through the development of nanotechnology, you can now easily look into the deep layer of substances, which has become the subject of creative inspiration for many artists. Their creations are unusually amazing in their beauty and unusual molecular and atomic landscapes (“the kind of natural structures of substances”), as well as nano-sculptures (“the result of manipulating matter at the molecular and atomic levels using physical and chemical processes ”). Such works can be observed both at nanotechnology exhibitions and in museums of modern art.
Terminology and style features
Nano Art is a visual art form in which nano-sculptures and nano-landscapes can be distinguished.
Nano Art is a 3D art that conveys the atmosphere of a picture through color and volume – the main means of expression of Nano Art.
It is impossible to put an equal sign between the art of photography and Nano Art’om. Photographs are created by photons, and the image of Nano Art – by electrons, which penetrate into the deep structures of the material. Nano Art’s paintings are so vivid that they resemble the work of abstraction artists, however, they cannot be attributed to abstract art, since the main criterion of Abstractionism was renunciation and rejection of the image of the real world, real things and events, and they are digital images of true things. In Nano Art you can see a wide palette of styles. Rather, pseudo-styles, as we used to see them in painting: realism, symbolism and abstractionism.
The process of creating a work of Nano Art, its technique can be represented as follows: artists create sculptures (compositions) of micro- and nano-dimensions under the influence of chemical or physical processes of processing materials, photographing the resulting mini-images using an electron microscope and processing black and white photos in a graphic editor. Using a raster electron microscope, prints of cuts of solids are made, black and white images are processed on a computer, and color is added to the complex structure of the material. Special depth and three-dimensional images can be achieved using the Digital Faux technique – special filters and the effect of translucent layers. The final stage of the image creation process is printing.. For her, use canvas or coated paper with high gloss. After this work, you can demonstrate the audience. Thanks to the development of nanotechnology, it has become possible to penetrate into the deep world of matter, which has become the subject of creative inspiration for many scientifically-savvy artists. Images of NanoArt’a very vivid and bright. You can say that NanoArt is distinguished by a system of artistic and imaginative tasks – artistic images will not leave people indifferent with their unique beauty and unusualness.
At Chris Orfesku appeared followers, among which the most famous are: Alessandro Scali, Renata Spyatstsi, Teresa Majerus, Hitachi. In Russia, Moscow scientist and artist Alexey Derzhavin is working in this direction.
Source from Wikipedia