Museum of Ethnic Cultures, Minzu University of China

The Museum of Ethnic Cultures (Chinese: 中央民族大学民族博物馆) , founded in 1951, covers a building area of 4800 m2 with the exhibition area of 1800 m2. It is a museum of ethnology specializing in preservation, display and study of ethnic cultural relics of 56 ethnic groups in China. Preserved in it are 14 types, more than 20,000 pieces of cultural relics including production tools, daily articles, religious utensils, costumes, ancient relics, documents and musical instruments. Among them, there are a large number of excellent exhibits of costumes and ornaments that reflect Chinese unparalleled talent and excellent craftsmanship of spinning, dyeing, tanning and embroidering. In addition, there is no lack of treasures of high historical and artistic values such as prehistoric pottery jar, bronze drum in the Eastern Han Dynasty and Buddha statue, Thangka, the Ancestor Image, Dongba Scripture , Pattra-leaf Scripture in the Ming and Qing Dynasty.

Museum of Ethnic Cultures preserves a large amount of religious utensils and cultural relics of ethnic groups in Taiwan, occupying the leading position in both quality and quantity among similar museums. Adhering to the purpose of serving for education, scientific research and the society. Museum of Ethnic Cultures has held dozens of exhibitions in various forms at home and abroad, actively showing our collections of cultural relics. In particular, the various exhibitions in the museum have been the second class for a large number of students and the public to receive patriotic and traditional ethnic education.

Minzu University of China (Chinese: 中央民族大学) is a national-level university in Haidian District, Beijing, China designated for ethnic minorities in China. Minzu University is the top university in China for ethnic minorities. It aims to be one of the best universities of its kind in the world. With the strong support of Chinese government, it has developed rapidly over the years. MUC is one of the most prestigious universities in China in ethnology, anthropology, ethnic economies, regional economics, religion studies, history, dance, and fine arts.

In the southwest corner of the Central University for Nationalities campus, there is such a plain building, the main entrance of the “National Museum” (The Museum of Ethnic Cultures) five sparkling characters, highlighting the history of the Chinese minority culture, With visitors from all directions.

Founded in 1951 the Central University for Nationalities National Museum, construction area of ​​4,800 square meters, exhibition area of ​​1,800 square meters. It is a national 56 cultural relics as the main collection, display and research object of the ethnological professional museum. Collection of the nation’s production tools, daily necessities, religious artifacts, clothing, artifacts, literature, musical instruments and other 14 categories, nearly 20,000 pieces (sets) of cultural relics. Among them, the national folk traditional clothing, decorations majority, fully reflects the Chinese people of all nationalities in the textile, printing and dyeing, embroidery, leather tanning and other aspects of excellence and superb skills. In addition, the collection is also no prehistoric pottery pottery, the Eastern Han Dynasty bronze drums and the Ming and Qing Dynasties of the Buddha, Thangka, Zutu, Tianyu map, Bayeux, East eight classics and other treasures, with high historical and artistic value; In the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the people of all ethnic groups donated gifts to the party and state leaders, but also had high political significance and historical value. Particularly worth mentioning is that the museum collection of Taiwan’s ethnic minority cultural relics, regardless of quantity or quality, similar museums in the country are living in a leading position.

The National Museum of Nationalities Nationalities Museum of the permanent exhibition for the “Chinese traditional culture exhibition”, including “Northern national costume culture exhibition”, “Southern national costume culture exhibition” and “religious culture exhibition” and so on. The thematic exhibitions include “Taiwan Minority Cultural Relics Exhibition”, “Central Nationalities University History Exhibition”, “Chinese Minority Headdress Culture Exhibition”, “Ethnic Minority Calligraphy Exhibition” and “Chinese National Ancient Characters and Ancient Books Exhibition Hall”.

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The National Museum of the Central University for Nationalities has long maintained its teaching and research services for the purpose of social service and actively used the collection of cultural relics. It has held various forms and sizes in Beijing, Zhanjiang, Nandaihe, Kunming, Macau, Japan, Britain and Korea. Exhibition dozens of times, received a good social benefits. Party and state leaders Zhou Enlai, Chen Yi, Ulan-fu, Yang Jingren, Zhu Rongji, Wang Zhongyu, Xi Jinping, Liu Yandong, Yu Zhengsheng and Prince Sihanouk, Prime Minister Bhutto and other foreign heads of state visited the museum, and the museum’s work fully affirmed The For example, Xi Jinping chairman after listening to the explanation of the dress hall, said with emotion, “long knowledge Oh”. Museum of various types of exhibitions, has become a primary and secondary school students and the public to accept national traditions and patriotism education important classroom. In 2006, the National Museum of Nationalities of the Central University for Nationalities was identified as “National National Unity and Progressive Education Base” by the National Ethnic Affairs Commission. It was identified as “Peking University Patriotism Education Base” by Beijing Municipal Education Commission, “Haidian District, Beijing Youth Education Base “And won the Beijing Municipal Education Commission, Beijing Municipal Human Resources and Social Security Bureau jointly awarded the” Beijing Outside School Education Advanced Collective (2010) “title.

The National Museum of the Central University for Nationalities also undertakes major national commemorative events. For example, on September 26-30, 2004, the “China National People’s Political Consultative Conference” celebrated the 55th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Political Consultative Conference, “the 55th anniversary of the establishment of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference” series of activities. Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress Fu Tieshan, Vice Chairman of the CPPCC National Committee Wang Zhongyu, Ding Guangxun, Bai Lichen, Abu Ledi Abu Duo Xixi, Li Zhaizhuo and the relevant ministries and comrades of the CPPCC National Committee, the CPPCC Standing Committee, members and relevant departments The person in charge attended the opening ceremony of the event. During the national costumes held 12 games, the audience of more than 6,000 people; national costume exhibition received more than 6,000 visitors, dynamic display of the Chinese nation’s clothing culture and profound.

The construction of the digital museum of the National Museum of Nationalities of the Central University for Nationalities has entered the forefront of similar museums. Digitalization of National Museum is the use of modern information technology to carry out the collection of national museum collections, management and service work. In 2006, the school invested more than 20 million yuan from the “211 Project” funds, and carried out the construction of the “National Museum of the National Minority University”. The project mainly includes the website construction and the “Taiwanese minority” exhibits multimedia production. The second phase of the project for the Ministry of Education, “China University Digital Museum Construction (Phase II)” “Central University for Nationalities Digital Museum”, funding 120,000 yuan. The current project to the northern national costumes and the southern national dress two exhibition hall exhibits as the main content, through three-dimensional interactive and digital digital and other multimedia way to achieve more than 200 exhibits online virtual tour browsing. 2008 Museum to the National Development and Reform Commission to declare the “Digital National Museum” project was approved, the project funds of 4 million, this project on the collection of 14 categories of more than 20,000 pieces of cultural relics for data collection and database construction, 500 fine Dimensional image processing, 3000 pieces of cultural relics for digital processing. After the completion of the construction of three national digital museums, not only the cultural relics management of the national museums from the original manual and paper media management, into a modern digital management, so that cultural management level leapt to a new level, to the domestic museum cultural relics management Advanced level, but also for the scientific protection of cultural relics and effective use, in order to further broaden the teaching, research and social services and channels to lay a solid foundation.

The National Museum of Nationalities of the Central University for Nationalities also took the lead in landing the “Google Cultural Institute” at the Shanghai World Financial Center at the “5.18 International Museum Day” in 2015, taking the lead in the world and promoting the nation’s national culture Step, marking the Central University for Nationalities National Museum to open the world across time and space virtual exhibition era. The first batch of 13 online exhibitions such as “Northern National Costume Exhibition”, “Southern National Costume Exhibition”, “Minority Headwear Exhibition” and “Taiwan Minority Artifact Exhibition” were all bilingual. But also provide online 360-degree exhibition hall high-definition real show, so that the audience can virtual tour the entire museum; more “billion pixels” (Gigapixel) ultra-high-definition hall blanket picture appreciation, all exhibits high-definition pictures are free to enlarge, Viewers and academic researchers more deeply appreciate, study the exhibits of every detail.

The future of the Central University for Nationalities National Museum will focus on the construction of entities and virtual museums, and constantly show the beauty of the Chinese nation for the mutual understanding between the different peoples to make greater contributions.

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