Museum of Ethnic Costumes, Beijing Institute of Fashion Technology, China

Ethnic Costume Museum of Beijing Institute of Fashion Technology (Chinese: 北京服装学院 BIFT), established with the approval of Beijing Municipal Administration of Cultural Heritage, is the first museum specializing in ethnic costumes in China. The Museum is also a cultural research institute integrating collection, display, research, and teaching. As the top specialized costume museum in China, the BIFT Costume Museum has a fine collection of over 10,000 pieces of costume, accessories, fabric, wax printing, and embroidery. The collection is displayed in different categories, such as costumes of Miao nationality, metalworking jewelry, folk wax printing, and fabric. The museum also has a collection of nearly 1000 precious photographs taken during the 1920s and 1930s featuring the ethnic costumes of Yi, Zang, and Qiang nationalities.

Beijing Garment Academy National Costume Museum is started in 1988, approved by the Beijing Municipal Cultural Relics Bureau in 2000 was formally established, is China’s first professional clothing museum, is a collection, display, scientific research, teaching as one of the cultural research institutions. Designed to serve the community, for teaching, research to provide specialized resources, a national costume culture gene pool. To the world to convey the rich and heavy Chinese culture, a Chinese cultural exchange of clothing, a good platform for research.

Beijing Institute of Fashion Technology (Beijing Institute of Fashion Technology) (referred to as the North) is located in Chaoyang District, Beijing, China, a full-time ordinary institutions of higher learning. It is the only full-time general colleges and universities with the unique characteristics of the school, which are named after the clothing, artwork, art, industry, management, management and so on. The school was founded in 1959, formerly known as the Beijing Institute of Textile Technology, in 1961 changed its name to the Beijing Institute of Chemical Fiber, 1987 to expand into Beijing Institute of Clothing, 1998 by the Ministry of Textile Industry transferred to Beijing-based management.

National Costume Museum The existing exhibition area of ​​2000 square meters, with a minority clothing hall, Han costumes hall, Miao costumes hall, metal jewelery hall, brocade embroidery batik, Olympic clothing hall, picture hall and other seven exhibition hall, And the academic exchange activities of the multi-purpose hall and can interact with the audience of the Chinese traditional traditional clothing craft museum.

National Costume Museum collection of all ethnic groups in China clothing, jewelry, fabrics, batik, embroidery, and so on more than 10,000 pieces. But also a collection of nearly a thousand twentieth century twenties and threw the very precious Yi, Tibetan, Qiang national life costumes pictures.

Museums actively carry out national costume culture and modern design teaching and research activities. From the clothing culture research, clothing design research, clothing skills and so on, to explore the museum research and teaching practice, design practice combined with new ideas and new ways. Museum of national dress with a master of cultural direction, but also the Academy of PhD project research and practice base.

National Costume Museum is open to the public free of charge. Has been officially awarded the “Beijing patriotism education base”, “Beijing science education base”, “Beijing youth foreign exchange base” of the title. For the heritage, innovation, promote the traditional Chinese culture play an important role.

This material library is supported by the following projects:
Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission “Design Capital” Construction Major Projects – Chinese Traditional Costume Culture Element Extraction and Re-development Platform Construction
The National Special Demand Doctoral Talent Training Project – The Inheritance and Design Innovation of Chinese Traditional Costume Culture
Beijing Municipal Education Commission Research Base Construction Project – China National Art Heritage and Communication Center (2011 Collaborative Innovation Center)

Han costumes hall
Han nationality is the main ethnic nation of the Chinese nation, but also the world’s most populous nation. Han has a long history, in the long process of development to create their own brilliant dress culture.

Han nationality clothing culture has a long history, broad and profound, and its production and development and various times of political, economic, military and spiritual beliefs, social customs, aesthetic interest is closely related. Han nationality clothing profound cultural connotation and rich and varied form of style, embodies the thousands of years the Han people in order to meet the material needs and spiritual needs of the smart skills and ideal to show, but also shows its long-term with the minority Aspects of cultural exchange. Han costumes of the material, color, shape, unique decoration, the needle and pin line, bit by bit all reflect the Han implicit euphemism, elegant and dignified, simple and practical values ​​and aesthetic characteristics.

Here is the display of the Han modern different regions, different types of clothing. Han nationality dress both uniformity, but also because of different customs, different times the background and the formation of the difference; its literary graceful, diverse forms, far from this small exhibition hall can accommodate, but we would like to make Mianbao, plot Pick show, will show here, and with the help of text, forms, pictures and other forms, as far as possible to fully introduce the general appearance of Han costumes. The friends who are willing to visit are able to enjoy a culture of beauty and enjoyment when browsing.

Miao clothing hall
In the southern Chinese nation, Miao costumes are the most colorful. Miao has more than one hundred branches, there are more than 100 kinds of clothing, from the fine beauty of the Dongmiao clothing to the original rough Nandan Miao costumes, style styles vary. Guizhou is the most beautiful Miao costumes, embroidery, batik, textile, silver are extremely good, fully embodies the characteristics of the Miao costume art.

Miao is a national consciousness and artistic talent are very strong nation, they not only the cultural traditions poured into oral literature, but also it poured into the clothing pattern, not only to describe the myth of human origin, “Butterfly Mom” ​​and Miao ancestors hero The story of the “Jiang Yanzhao sun and moon” and other patterns, more tracing the ancestors of the Miao ancestors tragic migration history of the “Yellow River”, “Yangtze River”, “Plain”, “City”, “Dongting Lake”, “Horse Flying” pattern. There is no nation in the world like the Miao this dress pattern as a history, profoundly expressed history and as a sign of the Miao group from generation to generation. Miao costumes everywhere to the world: we are the Miao, we come from the coast of the Yellow River, the banks of the Yangtze River, we travel long distances, through hardships, we have their own unique and splendid culture.

Old photo hall
Here is a group of the twentieth century, the 1930s national inspection pictures, by the famous ethnologist, photographer Zhuang Xiben shooting. Mr. Zhuang photographed these photos is very rich, reflecting the Yi, Qiang and Tibetan social history, political economy, religious culture and living customs and other aspects of the actual situation. Has a high ethnological value and historical significance.

We can see from the contents of the photo of the author has a keen ethnographic vision, but also has a superb photographic technology and aesthetic awareness, the author’s excellent overall quality makes these photos not only academic and artistic. Photo content There are war scenes, religious rituals, daily life, there are many pictures reflect the evolution of clothing, very clear to show the beginning of the last century, Sichuan and Tibet bordering the Xikang region of the social outlook. Some of the content in the process of social and historical development has completely disappeared, and thus the old photos are more precious, more historical value.

Weaving and dyeing department
Chinese ethnic groups have a tradition of textile, the northern nationals are good at textile wool, the southern people are good at textile cotton, linen or brocade. As early as the Han Dynasty, China brocade process has been very developed, since the continuous development of masterpiece times. The brocade of the southern nation absorbs the essence of the brocade and incorporates the living customs and cultural characteristics of the nation, making the brocade become the most characteristic folk weaving art in the south of our country.

Embroidery is accompanied by the birth of the fabric and the gradual rise of its silk, cotton thread in the fabric, the use of the needle on the formation of the needle pattern. Embroidery in the use of folk clothing is very wide, north and south ethnic groups are decorated with embroidery clothing. There are many types of embroidery, braided embroidery, embroidered embroidery, embroidery, embroidery, embroidery, embroidery, crepe embroidery, cross stitch embroidery, embroidery, embroidery, embroidery, embroidery embroidery, embroidery and so on.

Tang Dynasty, the batik process has been developed to the heyday stage. In the southwest, the south of the Miao, Yao, cloth Yi, Gelao and other ethnic groups, the batik is still passed down from generation to generation, and its fresh and fresh style to show the eternal charm of the original line of silk, tapestry, embroidery and other technology to replace The

Weaving, embroidery, dyeing not only diverse forms, superb technology, but also its rich cultural connotation. There is no text of the national use of weaving, dyeing, embroidery painting function, with the pattern to describe the original totem, describing the myth of history, reproduction of folk customs, the spirit of desire to send, so that its value is far beyond the practical and decorative role.

Minority dressing hall
China’s national costumes have obvious differences between the north and south, the dress is the important characteristics of the northern Chinese national dress, belonging to the plain culture of the northern nationalities of the clothing styles tend to be unified in the rich, mostly placket or oblique wide Robe, clothing materials to fur, carpets, 氆 氇 and brocade-based, decorated with luxurious gold and silver, beads, coral, turquoise-based. Full, Mongolian, Tibetan, Oroqen, Ewenki, Uygur, Tajik, Kazak, Kirgiz, Yugu and other ethnic groups are so.

Belong to the mountain culture of the various ethnic groups in the south of the clothes for the clothes type, clothing materials to cotton and linen-based, its clothing style changes and the rich form of decorative form can be described as magnificent, which is determined by the characteristics of mountain culture The The most beautiful is the Li family, the Wa’s straight clothing; the most surprising is the Yao’s dog’s tail; the most beautiful is the Dai’s short dress skirt; the most beautiful is the Dai nationality, And wear the most rich ornaments are Hani 僾 Nepalese girls, flowers, straw beads, seashells, feathers, beetles, nature all the beautiful things can be their ornaments.

The shape of Chinese national costumes can be divided into basic styles such as robes, gowns, dresses, plackets, plackets, lapel dresses, pants, oblique dresses and coats, and in these forms The original form and its development process, so the Chinese national clothing known as “a live clothing history.”

Metalworking jewelery hall
Many Chinese people have the habit of wearing silverware, silver in the traditional concept can be evil spirits, auspicious happiness of the moral; in modern ideas, silver is rich and beautiful display. Various ethnic groups advocate the custom of silverware, which contains rich cultural content. Northern ethnic groups and the southern nation, due to geographical environment, cultural background and living customs are different, showing a very different decorative style, even in the same ethnic groups among the different branches, silver is also very different. For example, the Miao in the Leishan short skirt, its silver from the shape to the decorative patterns are reflected in the original rugged cultural characteristics, and culture is more developed Shi Qing Jiang Miao silver jewelry is fine fine. So, these differences greatly enriched the types of silverware.

Silver can be divided into headdress, earrings, ornaments, pectoral, bracelet, ring and inlaid clothing silver bubble, silver, silver, silver bell and so on. Silver production process is very complex, there are mosaic method, inlaid inlay jade; a chisel flower method, carved dragon carved phoenix; a filament method, disc silk knitting; there are all kinds of welding, forging, hollow, around the wire, And other technical techniques, skilled skills from the other side of the achievements of the colorful silver.