The basic structure of the umbrella has almost no essential changes since ancient times, but the materials of the umbrella, including the ribs and the umbrella surface, have undergone important changes and become the distinguishing mark between the modern umbrella and the traditional umbrella. In 1852, the British Samuel Fox invented the steel ribs and took the initial steps of modernization of the umbrella. The steel tube telescopic technology used in modern design makes the foldable umbrella a right energy. With the development of the material industry, nylon, plastic and anti-UV umbrella surfaces have emerged, and the history of umbrellas has entered a new stage.
Modern umbrella rib
The essence of modern umbrellas is the revolution in rib material. These ribs include steel, aluminum, plastic, resin fiber, plexiglass, and the like. Its traits are mainly reflected in the combination of tenacity and lightness. The transformation of the rib material makes mechanized production possible, which greatly increases the production capacity.
Modern umbrella fabric
Compared with the single one of the traditional umbrella materials, the modern umbrella material is fascinating and fascinating. With the emergence of new materials and new demands, anti-UV UV absorbers and PVC umbrellas with transparent technology have emerged. The use of new materials not only adds to the functionality, but also makes them more durable and expands the space for the aesthetics of the umbrella.
The use of metallic materials offers the possibility of further deformation of the umbrella, leading to the advent of modern folding umbrellas. In 1928, Hans Hopt, the owner of the German company Kneipps, invented the collapsible umbrella, which has since become popular because of the convenience of folding umbrellas. In China, folding may have undergone an independent process of invention. In 1957, Professor Lao Ruo Ruo of Beijing Normal University was inspired by the elbow joint energy extension and designed a collapsible umbrella, which was manufactured by Beijing Zhongfu Factory. The folding umbrella is popular among the masses because of its convenient carrying, and is quickly popular in the country.
World modern umbrella production
The UK is the first country to be engaged in the manufacture of modern umbrellas, with a famous umbrella brand. Founded in 1750, Steiner Aidani Brig, London’s Pidelli Street, is synonymous with the UK’s top umbrellas. In the early 1970s, the world umbrella industry saw a three-point situation. K&R, Bremshey and Bauer were the three main producers at that time, with Kobold, Knirps and Boy. Brooks Brothers and Totes are also today’s famous umbrella brands. Bremshey built a factory in Taiwan in 1974 and was acquired by K&R in 1979.
6•2: Contemporary Chinese Umbrella Industry
After the appearance of the modern umbrella, it is light and sturdy, and the variety of colors attracts the contemporary people. It quickly captures the umbrella market of the world and makes the traditional umbrella industry continue to be marginalized. In the 1960s, the umbrella industry in Taiwan rose and quickly developed into the world umbrella kingdom. After the 1980s, Taiwanese umbrella manufacturers turned to mainland China. There are more than 2,000 manufacturing enterprises in China’s umbrella industry. The finished umbrella enterprises are mainly concentrated in the two provinces of Fujian and Zhejiang, and they have formed relatively concentrated characteristics in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Dongshi Town, Jinjiang, Fujian, Shangyu Town, Zhejiang, and Nanyang Town, Xiaoshan. Economic zone. At present, China has an annual output of 1.5 billion umbrellas, of which 900 million are exported to the international market. More than 65% of the world’s umbrella market comes from China. After a painful transition period, the Chinese umbrella industry has re-emerged as the center of the world umbrella industry.
6•3: Design and production of modern umbrellas
On the one hand, the manufacture of modern umbrellas relies on more reasonable, more humane and more aesthetically pleasing designs, and on the other hand, relying on efficient and convenient mechanical equipment, thus achieving a huge leap in quality and output. In order to achieve more perfect use of various indicators, various experiments and test equipment have been established, becoming an indispensable part of the modern umbrella industry. Today, with the continuous updating of design concepts and the continuous advancement of technical means, the more durable and considerate umbrellas have been successively introduced, and the history of umbrellas has been constantly rewritten, bringing this ancient human invention to a new life.
6•4: Umbrella and our life today
As human beings enter the modern era, life becomes more diverse and diverse, and thus more demands are placed on the umbrella. It is precisely in order to adapt to modern life, the umbrella industry of various countries has carried out in-depth research on the relationship between umbrella and human needs, and developed various new types to make the family of umbrellas expand rapidly. Today’s umbrella family can be described as prosperous and prosperous. With the development of science and technology and the improvement of people’s living standards, people’s pursuit of the style and function of umbrellas is still constantly seeking new ones, so some new functions and new style umbrellas will continue to be invented.
Chinese Umbrella Museum
The China Umbrella Museum is located in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. The misty rain Jiangnan derives a unique umbrella culture. The aesthetics of the umbrella, the poetry of the umbrella and the symbolic meaning of the umbrella accompany this historical development wheel, and a unique cultural track is crushed.
The China Umbrella Museum is a world-first umbrella theme museum that combines umbrella culture, umbrella history, umbrella stories, umbrella crafts and umbrella art represented by China.
The exhibition area of the China Umbrella Museum is 2411m2, and the temporary exhibition hall has a construction area of 527m2. Located in the historical and cultural district of the West Bridge of Gongyi Bridge, with the arched bridge as the landmark, the Hangzhou Arts and Crafts Museum, the Chinese Knives and Sword Museum, the Chinese Fan Museum, and the Handicraft Living Exhibition Hall form a museum full of rich history and culture. The community has become a new cultural landscape in the north of Hangzhou. Walking through the museums is a journey of nostalgia and love with a memory of the canal.
The umbrella is fascinated by the rain. The Chinese Umbrella Museum and the rain are inseparable. The virtual rain scene and small water mist of the multimedia interpretations are used as renderings. The entire venue is dominated by white-walled gray tiles, which reminds people of Dai Wangshu’s pen. In the long and lonely rain alley, the girl with a paper umbrella alone.
The museum also has an interactive area where you can assemble parts for the umbrella, draw umbrellas and repair umbrellas.