Literary tourism is a type of cultural tourism that deals with places and events from fictional texts as well as the lives of their authors. This could include following the route taken by a fictional character, visiting particular place associated with a novel or a novelist, such as their home., or visiting a poet’s grave. Some scholars regard literary tourism as a contemporary type of secular pilgrimage. There are also long-distance walking routes associated with writers, such as the Thomas Hardy Way.
Literary tourists are specifically interested in how places have influenced writing and at the same time how writing has created place. In order to become a literary tourist you need only book-love and an inquisitive mindset; however, there are literary guides, literary maps, and literary tours to help you on your way. There are also many museums associated with writers, and these are usually housed in buildings associated with a writer’s birth or literary career, such as their home.
While most literary tourism is focused on famous works, more modern works that are written to specifically promote tourism are called tourism fiction. Modern tourism fiction can include travel guides within the story showing readers how to visit the real places in the fictional tales. With recent technological advances in publishing, digital tourism fiction books can even allow literary tourists to follow direct links to tourism websites related to the story. This can be done on new e-reading devices like the Kindle, iPad, iPhone, smart phones, tablets, and regular desktop and laptop computers. These links within the story allow readers to instantly learn about the real places without doing their own web searches.
The first classic novel to take advantage of tourism fiction technology was F. Scott Fitzgerald’s This Side of Paradise: Interactive Tourism Edition, published by the Southeastern Literary Tourism Initiative in 2012. The tourism edition offered web links to tours of Princeton University, where Fitzgerald attended in real life and where the fictional protagonist in the novel Amory Blaine attended. The tourism edition also offered links to Montgomery, Alabama, where Fitzgerald fell in love with his future wife Zelda Sayre, much like the fictional character Amory fell in love with Rosalind.
In addition to visiting author and book sites, literary tourists often engage in bookstore tourism, browsing local bookshops for titles specifically related to the sites as well as other regional books and authors.
In literary tourism, tourists (“literary tourists”) seek out places and sites related to the life and work of a writer or a group of writers. The localities are mostly around
Birth, residence, holiday or death homes and graves of writers,
Schools and other educational institutions visited by writers
Traveling and walking routes of writers,
real scenes of events in the works of writers,
Places that writers have demonstrably or falsely suggested to be fictitious places in their works, or
Premises in which a literary group was founded, met or dissolved.
In the said buildings or their surroundings memorials are often (eg. As literary museums, literary memorial room) set up to serve as a focal point of literary tourism (Goethe house, Schiller house).
An important role as landmarks in literary tourism play memorial plaques on buildings in which writers have lived or worked.
Motives and Impact
Tourists look for such places to gain a better idea of the life of a writer or a deeper understanding of his work through personal intuition. Occasionally, the visit to such a site in preparation or in the aftermath of an increased reading of works or a more intense engagement with the life and work of the writer from.
In places or areas that an accumulation of literary history have significant sites, tourism organizations often work “literary walks”, “poet-walks” or “literary trails” (“Literatouren”) that interested parties should lead to these sites (eg B. Goethe (walk) away, Schiller route). The route suggestions have the task of bringing interested people closer to the literary heritage of the area and to arrange them for a (possibly renewed) visit or longer stay in the area.
The largest literary tourism routes in Germany are the German Fairytale Road, the Rhenish Sagenweg, the Schwäbische Dichterstraße, the Siegfriedstraße and the Nibelungenstraße. Currently under construction is the European Goethe-Strasse.
For better orientation in important areas of literary history, numerous literary travel guides are available in the book trade. Some tourist offices also offer “Literary City Maps”.
Not least through the development of literary walks, hiking trails and routes, literary tourism has developed into an independent economic factor and motor of tourism.
The most important bearers, promoters and profiteers of literary tourism are:
Authors and publishers of literary guidebooks;
Publishers who publish the works of the writers concerned (some of the royalties even the authors themselves or their heirs);
Museums and memorials as well as their sponsoring associations;
Tour operators, travel agencies and transport companies / businesses;
Companies in the hotel and hospitality industry;
the souvenir industry;
Companies of the advertising industry;
Literary or poetic monuments are rather insignificant for literary tourism.
Literature tourism does not include streets, squares, and parks, as well as public and scientific institutions that are named after a writer just to keep his memory alive in public.
Literary travel guide
Literary travel is a form of tourism centred on great works of literature, literary movements, the literature surrounding cultural and political movements, or beloved authors. Just pick your favorite writer and do a little research: they all lived somewhere!
Around the World in Eighty Days
Anyone in Buenos Aires might look out for places associated with Borges.
Any little Anne can visit the actual Green Gables in Cavendish, Prince Edward Island; visitors come from as far afield as Japan. Stratford and Niagara-on-the-Lake are known for their live performances of Shakespeare and Shaw respectively, despite the real Stratford-upon-Avon being in the United Kingdom. Statues paying homage to “Winnie”, the real life inspiration for A.A. Milne’s Winnie the Pooh, stand in Winnipeg’s Assiniboine Park and in her hometown of White River (Ontario)
Various sites in Canada and the US recall Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin and the Underground Railroad era, including the home of Rev. Josiah Henson (Uncle Tom’s Cabin Historic Site in Dresden, Chatham-Kent), the First Parish Church in Brunswick (Maine), the author’s home (Harriet Beecher Stowe House & Library in Hartford CT USA), a Harriet Beecher-Stowe House in Cincinnati and the author’s grave site in Andover (Massachusetts).
García Márquez set Chronicle of a Death Foretold in the beautiful city of Santa Cruz de Mompox. If you’re a big fan, go to his birthplace at Aracataca, the inspiration for Macondo.
United States of America
The Americas have their own sites. Fans of Thoreau’s “Walden” might want to visit Concord, Massachusetts. Essex County in Northeast Massachusetts is often the setting of H. P. Lovecraft’s works, whose followers refer to the area as “Miskatonic County” (after a fictional river in the region) or “Lovecraft Country”. You won’t find the Headless Horseman in Sleepy Hollow, but you can find Washington Irving’s grave there. Travelers to Hartford can visit both the Mark Twain House and Museum and the Harriet Beecher Stowe House and Library; Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) fans can also visit his boyhood village of Hannibal on the Mississippi River. Head west in the footsteps of the Beats, or follow Route 66 like the Joads in “Grapes of Wrath”. You can find Cannery Row in Monterey, California; nearby are many places dedicated to the memory of Steinbeck. There are several sites related to “the book” (Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil) in Savannah, particularly Forsythe Park.
Every hardcore jazz fan should find themselves in New Orleans at least once, and at Birdland or the Blue Note in New York City more than once. Country music lovers don’t need to be told about Nashville. If you want to hear Beale Street talk, you’ll have to go to Memphis.
In Houston, fans of Morton Feldman can visit the actual Rothko Chapel.
Alaska has its share of literary spots too. Fans of Jack London must visit Skagway. Those who read the exploits of Christopher McCandless, aka Alexander “Into The Wild” Supertramp, will want to see for themselves the “Magic Bus” site beside Denali National Park, near Talkeetna.
The Old West has many stories.
Fans of George R. R. Martin’s A Song of Ice and Fire, the book series which the hit television series Game of Thrones was based off, may wish to visit Santa Fe, where the author resides and owns a cinema in which he occasionally screens episodes of the TV series.
Vienna is known as the City of Music because it has been the sometime home of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, the Strauss family, Brahms, Bruckner, Mahler, Schoenberg, Falco (“Rock Me Amadeus”), and Joe Zawinul. You can hear the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra at the Wiener Musikverein. If you want to attend the New Year’s Concert, you’ll probably need to get tickets a few years in advance!
If the big city is too much, take a break with Mozart’s childhood home in Salzburg.
Lovers of Medieval music will know that the Tournai Mass was preserved in the cathedral in, of course, Tournai. If you are very lucky, you might be able to hear it sung there.
Art lovers looking for a break from the museums can enjoy Ad’s Path south of Leuven.
Locals believe that the Othello Castle, part of the city walls of Famagusta in Northern Cyprus, is the setting of Shakespearean tragedy of the same name, although the text does not name any specific locations on the island.
Although Prague is currently a Czech-speaking city and the capital of the Czech Republic, as the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia it was under the rule of the Habsburg Monarchy, which also ruled the Austro-Hungarian empire until 1918, and for much of its history was a majority German-speaking city. As such, Prague has historically been home to many of the leading authors of German literature, with perhaps the most notable being Franz Kafka, who is known for his literary works such as The Metamorphosis (Die Verwandlung) and The Trial (Der Process). Other notable German authors who were based in Prague included Max Brod, Franz Werfel and Rainer Maria Rilke.
This Nordic country’s national author is Hans Christian Andersen. The city of Odense is the author’s birthplace and home. As well as a museum and a memorial gardens, the author of famous works such as The Little Mermaid (Den lille havfrue), The Ugly Duckling (Den grimme ælling) and The Snow Queen (Snedronningen) is commemorated by statues, parades and annual events. Suffice to say, Odenseanere are immensely proud of their local legend.
Never to be outdone without a fight, Paris has no shortage of literary sites, especially on the Left Bank and Montparnasse. Paris’s answer to Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre is the Comédie-Française, also known as the Théâtre-Français – and what a ripe subject for comparison and contrast! After paying your respect to the Lost Generation at Gertrude Stein’s salon at 27 rue De Fleurs (and maybe also Natalie Clifford Barney’s modestly titled Literary Salon of the Greats at 20 rue Jacob), you can shop in their footsteps at Shakespeare and Company or drink in their shadows at les Deus Magots, la Closerie des Lilas, or le Café de Flore. (A more contemporary version is l’Autre Café.) If you don’t find Quasimodo at Notre-Dame de Paris, visit Victor Hugo’s house at 6 Place des Vosges, or enjoy the Basque cuisine at L’Auberge Etchegorry at 41 Rue de la Croulebarb, where he used to enjoy the Cabaret de Madame Grégoire. Or party like Arthur Miller at Brasserie Wepler (14 Place de Clichy). There is also the famed Palais Garnier, which was the setting of the Gaston Leroux’s Le Fantôme de l’Opéra, which in turn inspired the hit West End musical The Phantom of the Opera.
For contemporary poetry readings, check out La Maison Poésie, close to the Pompidou Centre, or, especially if you want to hear the empire write back, Culture Rapide. No bibliophile should leave Paris without a visit to the one-of-a-kind bookstore Tea and Tattered Pages, or the reading room in the back of Le Fumoir. At Musée de la vie romantique you can find out almost anything you’d want to know about George Sand; the Hôtel de Lauzun on the Île St. Louis inspired Baudelaire to write Les Fleurs du Mal – what effect will it have on you? Search for lost time viewing Proust’s bedroom at the Musée Carnavalet, or, if the touristy morbidity doesn’t offend you, visit the Cimetière de Montparnasse to find the graves of many of your favorite authors, including Baudelaire, Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir. Or else look for the wallpaper that killed Oscar Wilde at l’Hôtel in the 6th Arrondissement, though you might prefer to enjoy the literary kitsch at the Apostrophe Hotel, or sleep where your heroes did at l’Hôtel Pont Royal. If you seek to join their ranks, you can consider joining a writing workshop with Paris Café Writing. When you win your own Nobel Prize, celebrate like Camus did, at La Coupole (102 Boulevard du Montparnasse). Evidently there are even Da Vinci Code themed tours! Even if that’s not your thing, you might enjoy eating in the restaurant at Nicolas Flamel’s house at 52 rue de Montmorency, the oldest stone house in Paris.
The Loire Valley: if you can afford to stay there long enough, there could be no better place to read Dumas or Perrault. Balzac, being a native of Tours, wrote and set some of his novels there too. Other buildings in the Touraine inspired settings in Balzac’s work.
Around Rouen you can find places claiming to have associations with Madame Bovary as well as a museum dedicated to Flaubert in the home where he was born.
The medieval Play of Daniel was composed in Beauvais.
In Halberstadt you can hear a little bit of Cage’s “ASLSP” at any time in the next 500 years or so.
Admirers of Goethe and Schiller cannot be excused for missing Weimar.
One of the most successful German language authors of all times was Karl May, whose heroes Winnetou, Kara Ben Nemsi and Old Shatterhand accompanied many a German growing up for over a century now. Over 200 million copies of his books have been sold, half of which in Germany. He died and spent most of his life in Radebeul, Saxony, a suburb of Dresden. His former house in Radebeul has been turned into a museum and it is a must visit for any fan of his works. His works are still performed live in places such as Bad Segeberg in Schleswig Holstein or Rathen in Saxon Switzerland
Berlin has inspired many works of literature and other forms of art – from David Bowie to Alfred Döblin’s “Berlin Alexanderplatz” and including a vibrant cultural scene to this day, Berlin is a place to be inspired and retrace the inspiration of others
Germany was also home to the Brothers Grimm, whose collection of fairy tales has many stories that continue to enchant children around the world today. The German Tourism Board’s recommended Fairy Tale Route takes people to places where the Brothers Grimm lived, as well as places where their fairy tales were set in. Besides fairy tales, they also produced a dictionary for the German language that was ground-breaking not only for German linguistics but for the field as a whole.
Fans of Joyce will want to walk Ulysses in Dublin, especially on Bloom’s Day (16 June). The diehards will even go to Ithaka. You know who you are.
Like E. M. Forster’s characters in A Room With a View, you’ll want to look down on the tourists around you who do not share your refined tastes! You might demonstrate your snobby superiority taking a walking tour of Dante’s Florence, or contemplating the complexities of Brumel’s “Nuper rosarum flores” under Brunelleschi’s Dome. And, of course there’s Rome, arguably the most written-about city on this planet. Naples was home to Giambattista Basile, whose Pentamerone (Neapolitan: Lo cunto de li cunti) was one of the earliest fairy tale collections to have been published.
Perhaps Norway’s most internationally renowned literary figure is famous playwright Henrik Ibsen, best known for Peer Gynt, which was famously scored by the great composer Edvard Grieg. Museums dedicated to his life are located in Skien, where he was born, and in Oslo, where he spent his final years.
The undead must visit Castle Bran in Transylvania and other sites associated with the Dracula legends.
If Russian literature is your thing, you’ll want to take the famed Murder Walk in Fyodor Dostoevsky’s neighborhood of Saint Petersburg, and maybe later to visit his grave in Tikhvin Cemetery (inside the Alexander Nevski Monastery), alongside the ones of Pyotr Ilych Tchaikovski, Modest Mussorgski, Nikolai Rimski-Korsakov and most other Russian music giants. Another worthy option is to visit The Bronze Horseman (Медный всадник) statue (the theme and title of one of the most important poems written in Russian, by Alexander Pushkin) and later the poet’s infamous duel site, in a park on the city’s northern part. In Moscow you can take a tour of sites from Mikhail Bulgakov’s Master and Margarita (Ма́стер и Маргари́та) and his tomb at Novodevichy Cemetery (where you’ll find also Chekhov, Gogol, Maiakovski, Dmitrii Shostakovich and many others). Near Tula is Yasnaya Polyana, where Lev Tolstoy wrote both War and Peace (Война́ и мир) and Anna Karenina (Анна Каренина). Pushkin is buried in his family estate in Pushkinskie Gory near Pskov. Truly hardy adventurous travellers may consider retracing Anton Chekhov’s steps to Sakhalin Island and back, or even going to Magadan to pay homage to Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s writings about the Gulag Archipelago.
Kobarid was the site of the Battle of Caporetto, which Hemingway described in A Farewell to Arms.
Any Anglophone who runs with the bulls in Pamplona (or even thinks of it) follow the footsteps of Brett and Jake in “The Sun Also Rises”. In March of 2015 the grave of renowned writer Miguel de Cervantes was discovered. His best known work Don Quijote is set in la Mancha and some landscapes in this part of Spain still look like the descriptions in the book. The other Spanish writing giant of the Baroque age, playwright and poet Lope de Vega, whose sheer volume of literary output is greatly larger than Cervantes’, is famously buried inside San Sebastian church on Madrid’s Calle de Atocha.
The Millennium Tour in Stockholm, inspired by Stieg Larsson’s novel series; see Nordic Noir.
Astrid Lindgren is one of the most read writer of children’s books; see Astrid Lindgren tourism. Her works come to life at Junibacken at Djurgården in Stockholm, as well as Astrid Lindgrens värld in Vimmerby.
The Wonderful Adventures of Nils by the Swedish author Selma Lagerlöf tells the story about the boy Nils who is magically shrinked, and joins a flock of wild geese on their migration across Sweden. It was intended to teach school children Swedish geography, but also doubles as a great travel log and a great story! In 1909 Selma Lagerlöf became the first female Nobel Prize in Literature laurate.
Literary London gets its own page on Wikivoyage.
True Chaucerian pilgrims should leave London by the road to Canterbury, while lovers of the Bard may wish to drop into Shakespeare’s home in Stratford-upon-Avon. Anyone who ever longed to have their own bodice ripped by Rochester or Heathcliff would want to visit Brontë Country in West Yorkshire. If you’re not afraid of Virginia Woolf, visit Monk’s House in East Sussex. Or search for King Arthur and Merlin in Tintagel and Glastonbury. Besides what you’d find in London, Broadstairs is dedicated to Dickens. Swansea and neighbouring Carmarthenshire are all about Dylan Thomas. And setting aside all prejudice, Hampshire is the proud home of Jane Austen.
Perhaps more of us would prefer to visit Hartfield in Ashdown Forest, the setting of the Winnie the Pooh stories, or Cumbria where various sites associated with Beatrix Potter can be found. If you can’t get enough of talking animals larking about in boats, head to Wind in the Willows country, a tranquil stretch of the Thames stradding Berkshire and Oxfordshire. Statues remembering Robin Hood, H.G. Wells’ Martian tripods, Arthur Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes and J.M. Barrie’s Peter Pan stand respectively in Nottingham, Woking, Baker Street and Kensington Gardens.
Wee sleekit, cowrin, tim’rous beasties; look no further than Dumfries – Robert Burns’ House competes for visitors with nearby Alloway’s Robert Burns’ Birthplace. Over in Edinburgh, Burns is celebrated alongside Walter Scott and Robert Louis Stevenson in the Writers’ Museum. The capital’s Princes Street even has a monument celebrating Scott’s achievements in putting his hometown on the literary map, a tradition which continues to this day with the annual Edinburgh International Book Festival.
In Devon is the little village of Bigbury-on-Sea, where Agatha Christie fans can find the Burgh Island Hotel, inspiration for And Then There Were None and Evil Under the Sun. Looking for a crime? The room named for her will set you back 450 quid. The more theatrically inclined could instead stay in the Noël Coward room. While you’re in the area, a trip up to Dartmoor may prove to be your last, if you come face to face with the Hound of the Baskervilles. Should you survive, a hop over to Bram Stoker’s Whitby (North Yorkshire) might finish you off.
As if Britain weren’t mythical enough, many of its landscapes have inspired fantasy worlds. Shropshire’s bucolic hills look as though they may be home to Tolkien’s hobbits, while the Wrekin is a Lonely Mountain by any other name, but the true Arthurian land of Albion is Wales. Lewis Carroll’s surroundings of Cheshire and Oxford were once weird enough to influence his hallucinogenic creation of Wonderland. Dorset doubles for Hardy’s “Wessex”, Northern Ireland is a more doable trip than Narnia or Westeros (but the scenery is just as good), and anyone wishing to get to Hogwarts need only board a train at King’s Cross. Please, no Muggles.
Another popular destination for literary tourists is the city of Oxford, home to the famous University of Oxford which produced many world-renowned authors of the fantasy genre such as Lewis Carroll (Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland), C. S. Lewis (The Chronicles of Narnia), J. R. R. Tolkien (The Lord of the Rings) and Philip Pullman (His Dark Materials).
Asia and Oceania
On the other side of the world, lovers of “The Dream of the Red Chamber” (红楼梦) will want to spend a few hours contemplating the Garden of the Humble Administrator in Suzhou, and anyone who knows “The True Story of Ah Q” (阿Q正传) might want to visit Hangzhou, where Lu Xun was imprisoned.
Fans of Rabindrinath Tagore will enjoy Santiniketan, and readers of Rudyard Kipling will want to check out the places where Kim is supposed to have roamed.
Aspiring novelists might find inspiration at Ishiyamadera Temple in Otsu, where Murasaki Shikibu is believed to have written (or at least begun to write) “The Tale of Genji”.
Then take the Narrow Road to the Deep North.
The locations where the Lord of the Rings cinematic trilogy was filmed.
Gayasan Mountain National Park includes Haeinsa Temple, where the Tripitaka Koreana, a landmark in woodblock printing, is held.
Tongyeong is often visited because it is the setting of Land by Park Kyeong-Ni.
Troy is the scene of the Iliad, the first known work of Greek literature.
Pamuk’s “The Museum of Innocence” actually exists in the Beyoğlu district of Istanbul.
Agatha Christie’s 1934 novel Murder on the Orient Express was written in the Pera Palace Hotel in Istanbul, then a grand old hotel serving rail passengers at the southern terminus of the main Paris-Istanbul Orient Express (1883-1962) route. The hotel maintains Christie’s room as a memorial to the author.
Those looking for Yaşar Kemal’s Çukurova of greedy landlords, noble outlaws, landless peasants, and involuntary nomad-cum-farmers will probably want to spend some time in the Cilician Plains.
The oldest literary work EVER is called The Maxims of Ptah Hotep. The author, a wise and not-so-famous vizier, was buried in a tomb that nowadays is more famous than himself, at Saqqara.
Naguib Mahfouz, the only Arab writer to have won the Nobel Prize in Literature (in 1988), was born in Cairo. His most famous work, The Cairo Trilogy, depicts the lives of three generations of different families in Cairo from World War I until after the 1952 military coup that overthrew King Farouk. His classic novel Midaq Alley is wholly ambiented in a tiny space inside the Khan El Kalili bazaar.
About 90 miles outside of Durban, Alan Paton fans can find Ixopo, and look for the lovely road that runs from there into the hills. J.R.R. Tolkien, the author of the famed Lord of the Rings books, was born in Bloemfontein, though there is surprisingly little commemorating him in his city of birth.
Remember that just because your favorite authors chain-smoked or enjoyed some absinth dreams doesn’t mean you should! (If you must read and walk, read A Book Lover’s Guide to Reading and Walking at the Same Time!)
Source from Wikipedia