Keisai Eisen (渓斎 英泉, 1790–1848) was a Japanese ukiyo-e artist who was active in the latter half of the Edo period. Keisai Eisen specialised in bijinga. His best works, including his ōkubi-e, are considered to be masterpieces of the “decadent” Bunsei Era. He was also known as Ikeda Eisen, and wrote under the name of Ippitsuan.
Eisen was born in Edo into the Ikeda family, the son of a noted calligrapher. He was apprenticed to Kanō Hakkeisai, from whom he took the name Keisai, and after the death of his father he studied under Kikugawa Eizan. His initial works reflected the influence of his mentor, but he soon developed his own style.
Kano school, officer, kyogen writer apprentice:
From the age of 12 he studied painting skill at Kano Hakasei (disciple of Kano), a disciple of Kano Kano. It was unsuitable for Samurai service at the age of 15 or 16 or 17 when he was age 16 or 17, when he was a member of the Edo residence of Mizuno Tadashi shi of Aozoni Hojo clan, became a brawl with his boss when he was 17 years old, I am being chased of a job. Zenjiro who became a ronin was a father’s acquaintance, and he was going to enter and leave Kyōji Shinoda (later Namiki Goron) who was a writer of Ichimura’s Kyogen, as an apprentice of Kyogen the author, Chiichi Chiyoda ).
However, at the age of 20, my father and stepmother died one after another, and I became a person who nurtured three younger sisters alone and the way Kyogen writers were forced to settle. At this time, there were support from many blood clans who serve the Mizuno family, but Zenjiro did not do it well, he gave a paradise to Eiki Kikukawa in the Fukaya Inn, seriously as a master character of Ukiyo-e Kishikawa Eiyama It will take. And this is the development of the talent of Zenjiro from here, it was the beginning of Ukiyo – e, Shiki Izumi. “County spring building” and “Kitatei” will be used at this time.
Master Yoshimi was a popular artist with a pretty beautiful painting while being like a sibling descendant only 4 years older. While learning the beautiful painting at the entrance, Yoko Izumi enters the nearby Katsushika Hokusai home and learns the painting method with the mercy. He also liked Sung Aki’s paintings, and also had a hobby of reading and writing. The first time in Hokusai to paint Airoi – eh with belo indigo in Japan for the first time in Japan is Yoko Izumi.
Utagawa Kunisaka is mentioned as a painter who studied from Yuizumi ‘s style and was good at decadent beautiful drawings at the end of the Edo era. In the item of Hide Izumi of his autobiography “Unnamed Okinagi” is written that “Recently Kunigasa also caught the crowd in the same way as Yoko Izumi’s doing” and is frequently followed by books related to Ukiyo-e. However, both of them do not understand which one imitated which one, but there are few collaborated nishikigoes, while English Fountain has sentences, Kunishaka after Toyokuni assaulted there is a consolidated volume in charge of painting, sometimes It seems that it was a complex relationship in which competition and co-production are switched.
Playwright · Painter:
Hideki Izumi, a writer and an artist, has sent lots of glossy books (Koichi Books) and shoes to the world, and can not talk about this without them. Chiyoda At the age of 22, the first glossy book titled “The Picture Book Sansei Phase” was announced under the name of Nympho. At the age of 24, he also announced “Operation of Love” (Kono ‘s Operation). Initially the beautiful painting which was drawn dramatically by the influence of Hideaki also got out of Hideyama color from this time and released its own gloss and it also became to take a reputation along with it . Izumi Izumi as a mysterious beauty artist painter is polished in this field.
At the age of 26 in Culture 13 (1816), he announced the universal “Sakura Spring Ouroya” (Osamu Otori no Odoroi) with the issue “weak” transferred from Hokusai. I will handle the texts with illustrations as well. Megumoto is made like every year, and sending out popular books with various seclusion, the masterpiece famous “Harunaku Yuki” was also written in the Five Years of Civil Administration (1822). In addition, Mr. Tsumoto. He Have been done. From about 30 years old, he also worked on illustrations for humanity and reading books, and also undertook the illustration of Kanbare Taeko’s “Minami Satomi Hakodendo”.
But in March 2012, after losing a house due to a cooked fire due to a big fire, the guardian guarantee collapsed. It was such a fountain of English, but a loveless person who loves sake and woman, a man who ecstasy. Moving to the flower street of Nezu, he declared Wakutakeya Risake, started managing the girls’ shop.
Latter years as a writer:
After the time of Tenpo’s reform that is severely controlled by entertainment in general, leaving the painting to a large number of experts to draw themselves reduces, and mainly draws joints and funny books with the issue of Kazushigan I devoted myself to writing business. As for the works of Hide Izumi, as the end of the term, the drawn lines are hardened, examples are diverted using their own work, or other Ukiyo-e artists’ works, so that you can be aware of the declining power and the exhaustion of ideas. On the other hand, “Unknown Okinagi” (Tenpo 4 (1833), Yoshinobu Ikeda’s name), which was written by Yu Izumi in his later years, is commonly referred to as “Successive Ukiyo-e class idea” and is valuable in descriptive Ukiyo-e It is transmitted today as a material. There is also a theory with one of his author, through Yoshinaga Spring Water and Yoshimi, a masterpiece who improves humanity. I also run a prostitute.
On August 20, 1848, he passed away at the age of 59. The graveyard is Suginami-ku Takoji Temple’s Fukusuin (Tokyo designated designated historic site).
To the principal monsters, Yutakutei Ei Bridge, Shizui Eiichi, Izumi butai Takashi Hideyuki, Harasaki Hidetomo, Rice Hideyasu Hideyuki, U.S. Izumi, Sadashi Miyake, Shimonosei Takenumi, Linsui Iriyasato , Yokoyama Hideaki, Yamasaki Izumi next door, Isono funusa, Shinsai Eikamatsu, Haruase Akatsuki and others.
He produced a number of surimono (prints that were privately issued), erotic prints, and landscapes, including The Sixty-nine Stations of the Kiso Kaidō, which he started and which was completed by Hiroshige. However, his most famous works are the bijin-ga (pictures of beautiful women) which portrayed the subjects as more worldly than those depicted by earlier artists, replacing their grace and elegance with a less studied sensuality. He produced many portraits and full-length studies depicting the fashions of the time.
In addition to producing a prolific number of prints, he was a writer, producing biographies of the Forty-seven Ronin and several books, including a continuation of the Ukiyo-e Ruiko (History of Prints of the Floating World), a book which documented the lives of the ukiyo-e artists. His supplement is known as “Notes of a Nameless Old Man.” He describes himself as a dissolute hard-drinker and claims to have been the owner of a brothel in Nezu in the 1830s which had burned down.
As a Ukiyoe teacher, Izumi Hideki originally painted a beautiful woman’s paintings of a frantic woman drawn by Master Hideaki, but then it will be popular with its own magical style. It is characterized by a female statue of refined passion, with a body size of 6 heads and a torn back. Also, it can be said that the face like the lower lip is thick and the mandible appears. Hide Izumi depicts the Okaba place like Shenzhen and the prostitute of Yoshiwara Yuri as a woman with a gaze and a strong will. The beautiful handwriting painted by Hide Izumi symbolizes the decadent aesthetic sense of the late stage of the Edo period, cultural and monumentary period, and shows a strong style of acknowledgment that reflects the circumstances of the Edo period. It was in keeping with the sense of the times, in finding beauty in the place where the existing aesthetic sense which is said to be “Egumi” was reversed.
There are currently 1734 nishikige prints by Hide Izumi, about 1265 of which about 73% are beautiful illustrations. This figure is comparable to the number of beautiful paintings of 1313 pieces in the Nogata gengo era of Koga Ukawa who was active in the same era. In addition, 482 out of 1265 sheets, 482 sheets are Yoshiwara’s prostitute, and furthermore, 365 pictures are marked with prostitution names. It is thought that Yurihara girlfriend and Yuuhara girls’ sponsor from the birth of silver are thought about work described in the idleness name, and there is a strong connection between Hideaki Izumi and Yuen.
It is an English fountain known for its beautiful paintings and shrubs and shrine paintings, but landmark paintings (landscape paintings) are also known. Kiso Highway 69th “completed by Tenpo six years (1835) in a form of cooperation by Hiden Ikawa and Utagawa Hiroshige, 24 of the 72 figures are based on British fountain brush. Following the success of the Hiroshige “Tokaido 52th Series” series, the editor Takeuchi Sunaga has newly planned, originally, although Izumi Hideki served as a painter, the hand was drawn and handed over to Hiroshige There is.