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Johann Carl Loth

Johann Carl Loth (1632 – 6 October 1698) was a German Baroque painter, born in Munich but working in Venice for the last 35 years of his life He is also called Johann Karl, Karel, and in Italy, Carlotto, and Carlo Lotti

He mostly painted history paintings, with a number of figures seen close up in a rather crowded picture space His subjects were typically from classical mythology or the Old Testament

Johann Carl Loth apprenticed under his father, Bavarian court painter Johann Ulrich Loth, who had been deeply influenced by Roman painting of the 1600s Johann Carl himself went to Rome at some point after 1653 By 1656 he was in Venice, where he remained for life and became one of the most well known Venetian painters of his day

In Venice, Loth worked under Giovanni Battista Langetti, a follower of Luca Giordano, under whom he discovered the art of naturalism and tenebrism that had originated with Caravaggio Loth incorporated those effects along with Langetti’s dramatic chiaroscuro; having found his own style, he deviated little from it for the rest of his career Loth primarily painted altar and easel pictures dominated by the nude figure The Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and other monarchs and ambassadors purchased many of his paintings His Venetian studio became a virtual “picture factory” to meet the great demand for his paintings In 1692 he was appointed court painter to the Emperor

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According to Houbraken he was one of three grand masters of art called “Karel” (the other two were Karel Dujardin and Karel Marat He was the son and pupil of Johann Ulrich Loth (1590–1662) and was possibly influenced by Giovan Battista Langetti He was commissioned to paint for the emperor Leopold I in Vienna He worked together with Pietro Liberi in Venice, where he was during the years 1663-1698 His brother Franz Loth was also a painter in Venice and Germany

He had numerous pupils including Michael Wenzel Halbax, Santo Prunati, the painters from Laufen Johann Michael Rottmayr & Hans Adam Weissenkircher, Daniel Seiter, and (Baron) Peter Strudel

Popularity among Dutch artists:
He attracted well-to-do artists who made trips especially to visit his studio, such as Cornelis de Bruijn and Jan van Bunnik He became friends with the painters Willem Drost and Jan Vermeer van Utrecht He is buried in the San Luca church in Venice

His works are mostly in Germany and Italy Other museums with works by Loth include the Art Institute of Chicago, National Gallery, London and the Bergen Art Museum in Bergen, Norway (Martyr) Burghley House in England has two large paintings in the chapel