Jinsha Site Museum, Chengdu Shi, China

Chengdu Jinsha Site Museum is an archaeological site museum in the northwest of Chengdu, which is established on the original ruins for the protection, study, and exhibition of Jinsha Site and ancient Shu Civilization. It covers an area of 300,000 square meters including the Relic Hall, the Exhibition Hall, Cultural Relics Protection Center, Cultural Communication Center and the Garden Area. Under the comprehensive protection system, a large number of precious cultural relics have been collected in Jisha Site Museum such as the Sun and Immortal Bird gold decoration, gold mask, jade, ivory and so on.At Jinsha,you will experience the brilliance of Chengdu’s history and splendor of the ancient kingdom .Jinsha Site is selected as National Cultural Relics Protection Unit, National Archeological Site Park. The museum is National Top Class Museum, National 4A Scenic Spot. In addition, its exhibition entering into Jinsha awards the Chinese Top Ten Excellent Exhibition.

Chengdu Jinsha Ruins Museum is located in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, northwest of the Qingyang District Jinsha ruins on the 2nd, Qingyang Avenue 227, is the site of the Jinsha site built on a site museum, but also show the Shang and Zhou Dynasties Sichuan ancient culture Thematic Museum.

Chengdu Jinsha Site Museum in the end of 2004 project construction, April 16, 2007 officially opened to the outside world. Jinsha Ruins Museum covers an area of ​​300,000 square meters, construction area of ​​38000 square meters, by the museum, museum, tourist center, cultural protection and repair center, Jinshajiang theater, garden area, is a set of education, research, leisure One of the modern garden-style museum, and become representative of Chengdu’s long history of the logo landscape. 2006 was named the national key cultural relics protection units.

Chengdu Jinsha Ruins Museum covers an area of ​​456 acres, construction area of ​​38,000 square meters. Chengdu city of the river from west to east flow from the museum, the banks of the river scenery constitutes the museum landscape landscape; visitors from the south from the north to visit the Jinsha site archaeological excavation site and the museum, the north and south The open space forms the vertical cultural axis of the museum. Surrounded by museum buildings, it is a lush garden area.

Heritage museum
The museum is located in the east of the museum, looking at the south bank of the river. The museum is the most important archaeological excavation site of the Jinsha site, and it is also the earliest place to discover the cultural relics.

Museum of the museum for the round shape of the whole steel frame construction, construction area of ​​7588 square meters, height of 19 meters, span 63 meters. As the excavation site of the soil is also buried in the Jinsha site 90% of the cultural relics, therefore, by 15 steel pillars supported by the huge space, to maximize the protection of the archaeological excavation site.

Exhibition hall
Museum is located in the bottom of the river, is a slope of the square building, construction area of ​​16,000 square meters, exhibition area of ​​5,000 square meters.

The roof of the design by the architect into the Sands and archaeological elements, a large circular sign is the Jinsha Ruins Museum Museum of the treasures of the “sun god bird gold ornaments” pattern, around the sun gods pattern square is a symbol of archaeological In the use of the probe. Museum also uses a full steel frame structure, divided into two layers of the ground, the ground floor. The theme of the exhibition hall called “into the sand”. From the “ancient home”, “Wang are silhouette”, “heaven and earth endlessly”, “thousands of rare”, “interpretation of the Sands” five exhibition hall.

The first exhibition hall: ancient home
Ancient homes are located in the second floor of the West Hall, an area of ​​about 900 square meters. The main purpose of the show is to reproduce the ecological environment of the Chengdu Plain 3000 years ago. Using a high 8.7 meters, 57 meters long, an area of ​​500 square meters of large-scale imagination to restore half a picture. Including a sunset sunset restoration landscape, large relics box display, orientation query system, hit the type of query system.

The second exhibition hall: the king are silhouette
Wang are silhouettes set in the second floor of the East Hall, an area of ​​about 900 square meters. Showcase the main purpose of showing more than 3,000 years ago the ancient Shu’s social life. The exhibition hall uses the irregular “debris splicing” form, the archaeological excavation results, scene recovery and high-tech means of organic combination, along the line slowly showing a piece of Sands ancestors production and life silhouette: home, tools, Pottery, metallurgical casting, making jade, burial and so on. Cutting engraved, die red and other techniques. Unearthed bronze system made of cast, mostly small objects and large ritual accessories.

The third exhibition hall: heaven and earth endless
Heaven and earth set in a layer of East Hall, an area of ​​about 1000 square meters. The main purpose of the exhibition is to highlight the ancient Shu people “communication world” content theme, reproduction of ancient Shu religious worship scene. Concentrated display of gold, bronze, jade, stone, ivory, Bujia and other cultural relics to highlight the ancient kingdom had. Entrance with a gauze network to split out a long channel, the use of light to create a sense of time and space tunnel.

The fourth exhibition hall: rare
Built in a layer of West Hall, an area of ​​about 900 square meters. The main purpose of the show is to show the “sun god bird” gold-based more than 30 pieces of Jinsha ruins unearthed the essence of the most cultural relics.

The exhibition hall of the exhibition design is around the Jinsha ruins Museum of the town treasures “sun god bird” gold ornaments. To display the “sun god bird” gold round of the circular booth as the center, surrounded by four groups of fan-shaped showcase, the Jinsha site unearthed cultural relics to show the rich level.

Fifth Hall: Interpretation of Sands
The museum is located in the bottom of the West Hall, an area of ​​about 830 square meters. The main purpose of the exhibition is to sort out the ancient Sichuan culture in the Sichuan region before the development of the context, so that visitors understand the source and destination of Jinsha sites.

The central sand table shows the distribution area of ​​the ancient Shu civilization and its close connection with the surrounding culture. Bao Dun culture – Sanxingdui culture – Jinsha • Twelve Bridge culture – late Shu culture of civilization through the picture display and unearthed cultural relics show the history of Jinsha culture and cultural development of the real context.

There are more than a thousand pieces of precious cultural relics cleared by the site, including more than 30 pieces of gold ware, more than 400 pieces of jade and bronzes, 170 pieces of stone tools, more than 40 pieces of ivory teeth, and a total weight of ivory unearthed There are a lot of pottery unearthed. From the time of the relics, the vast majority were about the early days of the Shang dynasty (the late 18th century BC – the late 12th century BC) and the Western Zhou Dynasty (about 1046 BC – 771 BC). 722 years – 481 BC). Moreover, with the progress of the excavation, do not rule out the possibility of major discoveries.

In the goldware unearthed, there are gold mask, fish pattern gold belt, the sun god bird gold foil, frog type gold foil, trumpet-shaped gold, box-type gold and so on more than 30 pieces, including gold mask and Guanghan Sanxingdui bronze mask in the shape Style basically the same. Gold mask, the sun god bird gold and ten jade Cong is known as the Jinsha Ruins Museum Museum treasures.

Sun god bird gold ornaments for the diameter of 125 mm, 0.2 mm thick round gold foil, divided into two layers, the inner layer of 52.9 mm 12 hollow clockwise rotation of the arc, a symbol of the sun, the outer side of the four hollow Of the bird pattern decoration, a symbol of “Jin Wu negative day”. Gold band engraved with arrows to wear fish and bird ornaments, and Sanxingdui unearthed gold stick on the decoration is very similar, some scholars believe that this represents the ancient Shu legendary king “fish mallard.”

Unearthed a wide range of jade, and very fine, one of the largest one is about 22 cm high ten jade Cong, the color of emerald green, carving extremely fine, the surface of fine hair if the micro-engraved pattern and a humanoid , Called the national treasure, its style and Liangzhu culture is completely consistent with the experts, the history of the history of the Jinsha site even longer than 1,000 years.

More than 400 pieces of bronzes unearthed mainly small objects, bronze liters, copper tiger, copper bell, copper bi, copper birds, etc., which copper statue and Sanxingdui unearthed bronze statue is almost the same.

Stone tiger
Unearthed stone has 170, including the stone, stone tiger, stone snake, stone turtle, Sichuan is so far found the earliest, the most exquisite stone. One of the kneeling portrait modeling lifelike, experts believe that most likely was the nobility of the slaves or prisoners of war, which shows that the Shu has been relatively strong. Stone stone in the shape of ancient and vivid.

Other cultural relics
Other artifacts unearthed include a large number of ivory, wild boar fangs, antlers, pottery and wood.

Chengdu Jinsha Ruins Museum of the two main building for the museum and museum, the shape has adopted a slope of the way, Yu said the Jinsha site rising. Museum of the museum is near circular, museum for the square, a circle of a symbol of the ancient Chinese Tianyuan place cosmology. Two buildings are located on the north and south sides of the complex river, and the garden area integration. Chengdu Jinsha Ruins Museum has become a landmark in Chengdu.

Jinsha Ruins Museum of the garden area to “natural beauty, grass wild interest” for the design concept, green coverage rate as high as 80%, is an organic part of the museum. In the garden area, trees and vegetation are divided into different regions according to different characteristics. Sakura forest, peach blossom forest, pear flower forest, hibiscus forest, lime forest and other embellishment in the park everywhere; bamboo, shrubs surrounded in the museum building around the main building of the road on both sides of the planting of the ancient tree species of ginkgo, Metasequoia,

Chinese cultural heritage commemorative sculpture is located in the Jinsha site museum south gate to the main hall next to the main channel, covers an area of ​​about 500 square meters, is the tour from south to north must pass through the road.

Ebony is located in the southeast corner of the Jinsha ruins museum, surrounded by hundreds of giant ebony unearthed from the Jinsha site and the Chengdu area, is a characteristic landscape.

Jade Road covers an area of ​​about 1,000 square meters, composed of large jade and a number of small pebbles.

Xishan Water View Square is located in the Jinsha site museum main road west of the garden area, the square covers an area of ​​10 acres, the ground by the 20 tons of gold washed rice from the laying. Square close to the museum’s classic ecological landscape of the Western Hills, and the Western Hills flowers and trees side by side, 12 meters high mountain, the mountains have Metasequoia, Zhenlan, camellia, rhododendron and other evergreen plants.

Jinsha Theater is located in the northwest corner of the museum Jinsha Theater, the appearance of crystal crown, and like budding buds, is China’s first large-scale musical “Sands” in the playground.

4D theater, “Dream of Sands” is the Chengdu Jinsha Museum of the portrait of the four-dimensional three-dimensional film, “Dream Sands” with two 20,000 lumens of the Barco high-definition digital cinema machine, the maximum resolution of 1280 * 1024, 12.8 meters, 7.5 meters high, 108 special effects dynamic seats, cast a total of poke back, ear, ball, sweep leg, water, seat movements and other 13 kinds of special effects, while equipped with wind, rain, lightning Snow, smoke and other environmental effects.

Jinsha site excavation, the study of ancient Shu is of great significance, to rewrite the history of Chengdu and ancient history of Sichuan. Before the text of Chengdu has the text of the city can be traced back to the earliest history of the Warring States period. Analysis of the Jinsha site unearthed cultural relics, many are special purpose ritual, should be the highest ruling class of Chengdu plain relics. These relics are similar in style to Sanxingdui cultural relics, and there are some differences, indicating that the site has a close relationship with Sanxingdui.

Jinsha site of the nature of the current speculation may belong to the sacrificial sites, but due to unearthed a large number of jade, stone semi-finished products and raw materials, do not rule out the existence of the possibility of relics. However, from the unearthed a large number of precious cultural relics and the surrounding large-scale buildings, important remnants of view, Shu Feng Garden area is likely to be Chengdu political and cultural center. The ruins unearthed Yu Ge, Yu Yuan shows that the Jinsha culture and the Yellow River basin culture and the lower reaches of the Yangtze River Liangzhu culture are linked.

Jinsha site unearthed sun god bird gold ornaments are now used as “Chinese cultural heritage mark”, but also the informal city of Chengdu emblem, Sichuan University Jincheng College emblem part.