Categories: People

Jean Baptiste André Gautier d’Agoty

Jean-Baptiste Gautier Dagoty (1740 – 1786) was a Frans schilder, he was best known for his portraits. Dagoty painted three beautiful granddaughters of Louis XV of France.

Jean-Baptiste André Gautier-Dagoty, or Gautier d’Agoty (Paris, 1740 – Paris, 1786), is a French painter, specialized in the art of portraiture. Son of the engraver Jacques Gautier d’Agoty, he has four brothers, all artists: Honoré-Louis, Jean-Fabien, Edouard (whose son Pierre-Edouard Dagoty will also become an artist), and Arnauld. Knight of the Order of St. John Lateran, it is sometimes called “The Knight Dagoty”. He is also the author of works left unfinished: Gallery of famous men and women who appeared in France (1770), and La Monarchie française (1770).

The family Gautier Dagoty brought a number of artists in the 18th century on. They have no reputation, various botanists, painters and anatomists worked sloppy and scientific work has little value. Jean-Baptiste Gautier Dagoty was a son of the painter and graphic artist Jacques Fabien Gautier Dagoty. His brothers Arnaud Éloi Gautier Dagoty and Éduard Gautier Dagoty were artist.

The graph of father and sons were in the style of Le Blon. They published large series of portraits in which mezzo tones, a fourth black plate was used the example of Le Blon. Their “Galerie Francaise ou Portraits des Femmes et Hommes célèbres qui ont paru en France” published in 1770, was primarily the work of Gautier Dagoty Pere. The “Galerie des Portraits Universelle contenant les Personnes Célèbres Pays des tout” from 1772, including portraits of popular philosophers Voltaire and d’Alembert also collaborated Jean-Baptiste Gautier Dagoty.

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Making his career in Paris, he became the protégé of Marie Antoinette, who commissioned a portrait to send him to Vienna. As soon as it was finished, it was presented in the Hall of Mirrors on July 27, 1775, but received a bad reception from the court. Madame Campan refers to it: “The most miserable artists were admitted to the honor of painting it; In the gallery of Versailles was exhibited a picture in full depicting Marie Antoinette in all her royal pomp. This picture, destined for the court of Vienna, and painted by a man who does not deserve to be named, revolted all people of taste. ” This painting was finally presented by the Queen to Prince Georg Adam von Starhemberg in 1777 and then donated to the National Museum of Versailles by Commander Paul-Louis Weiller in 1954. Gautier-Dagoty also produced the portraits of the Comtesse de Provence and Of the Comtesse d’Artois, the sisters-in-law of the queen. The majority of his works are now preserved in the national museum of the castle of Versailles.

Gautier-Dagoty is the author of a gouache on paper the representative painting the queen (he realizes the drawing of the portrait of 1775), while the latter plays the harp in his room in the company of his friends and his suite . A woman gives the Queen a note on which Gautier-Dagoty asks him to name him his personal painter.

Portrait of Marie-Antoinette, queen of France, 1775, Versailles, national museum of the castle.
Portrait of Marie-Joséphine of Savoy, Countess of Provence, Versailles, national museum of the castle.
Portrait of Marie-Therese of Savoy, Countess of Artois, 1775, Versailles, National Museum of the Castle.
Portrait of Marie-Antoinette in front of the temple of Love (attributed to Jean-Baptiste André Gautier-Dagoty), circa 1780, private collection.
Presumed portrait of the Duke and the Duchess of Chartres, circa 1775 – 1776, Paris, Nissim de Camondo Museum.
Marriage contract or nervous expectation, current location unknown (sale Sotheby’s New-York, January 26, 2011, n ° 45)

Drawings, gouaches and pastels
Marie-Antoinette playing the harp in her room, 1776, gouache on paper, Versailles, national museum of the castle.
Portrait of Claude-Prosper Jolyot of Crebillon, called Crebillon fils, pastel, Paris, Louvre Museum.
Allegory of the Treaty of American Independence, drawing, Paris, Louvre Museum.
The Hôtel des Monnaies, facade on the rue Guénégaud, drawing and watercolor, Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France.