The Linden Museum (German: Linden-Museum Stuttgart. Staatliches Museum für Völkerkunde) is an ethnological museum located in Stuttgart, Germany. The museum features cultural artifacts from around the world, including South and Southeast Asia, Africa, the Islamic world from the Near East to Pakistan, China and Japan, and artifacts from North and Latin America and Oceania.
The museum traces its origins to the collection of objects amassed by the Verein für Handelsgeographie (Association for Trade Geography) in the 19th century. The namesake of the museum is Karl Graf von Linden (1838–1910) who, as president of the Stuttgart Verein für Handelsgeographie, took an interest in assembling and organizing the collection, and invited explorers of the caliber of Sven Hedin and Roald Amundsen to Stuttgart.
In 1911, the collection was established as a private museum and its current building was constructed. After suffering extensive damage during World War II, the building was restored in the 1950s and the municipality became its custodian. Since 1973, the museum has been jointly administrated by the city of Stuttgart and the state of Baden-Württemberg.
The exhibitions of the Linden-Museum invite to encounter the far-off peoples of this earth –a world trip under one roof. Collections on Africa, North America and Latin America, the Orient, South and East Asia and Oceania highlight the beauty and fascination of human cultures around the globe. The Württemberg Association for Trade Geography established the museum, which was opened in 1911, as a space for its collections of evidence of art and everyday culture beyond European culture. The Linden-Museum is named after the chairman of the association at that time, Karl Graf von Linden (1838 – 1910). Today the Linden-Museum is one of the largest museums of ethnology in Europe. The broad collections with precious pieces of international importance comprise around 160 000 items from all large cultural regions on the planet. The visitor can obtain a deep insight into art and cultural history right up to the present day, as well as learn about everyday culture.