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George Chinnery

George Chinnery (Chinese: 钱纳利 Jan 5, 1774 – May 30, 1852) was an English painter who spent most of his life in Asia, especially India and southern China

George Chinnery was a diligent painter who, while making a picture of a painting for a painting, made a lot of sketches, watercolors and sketches, including some self-portraits Although the European avant-garde painter, but the picture conveyed by the mood and the same time the European painter has been quite interesting, due to set foot in the East Erzhi From a painter’s point of view, Kolkata and Macau these oriental market style, all are pleasant subject matter, enough to stimulate the creative passion George Cannery is another Western painter who has had a profound and profound influence on Chinese and Western painting exchanges after Lang Shining, and also the most influential Western painter in the East in China in the 19th century Although with the former hiking the purpose of the East is different, but along with the arrival of Qian Nali, Macau once again become the cradle of Chinese artists to cultivate the West, a group of Chinese painters (Lin Gu and other export painters) and Macao native Portuguese, Western nationals in the money Nali’s pro-grant or directly and indirectly affected to improve and grow up, the Pearl River Delta region of the Western painting style so big change, popular Qian came the British Academy style, known as the “Qian Nali School” The

Chinnery was born in London, where he studied at the Royal Academy Schools His father was an exponent of the Gurney system of shorthand; his elder brother William Chinnery owned what is now Gilwell Park in Epping Forest in Essex, before he was discovered to have committed large-scale fraud, and fled to Sweden George Chinnery moved in 1796 to Ireland, where he enjoyed some success as an artist, and married Marianne (née Vigne) on 19 April 1799 in Dublin

George Chinnery had to follow Reynolds painting, 18 years old to enter the Royal Academy of Fine Arts 28 years old left the United Kingdom to the East, lived in India for 23 years, and then lived in Macao for 27 years His arrival to the Qing Dynasty Chinese and Western painting exchanges, caused a huge impact Not only the Pearl River port port port portrait style so change, but also under the influence of Qian, a new generation of Chinese Western painters also quickly grow up

George Cannery has long lived in the English painter in Macau Born in London Had to follow Reynolds painting, 18 years old to enter the Royal Academy of Fine Arts 28 years old left the British to the East, lived in Indonesia for 23 years, and then lived in Macao for 27 years 1852 (Qing Xianfeng two years) Qian Nali in Macau Emei Street on the 8th apartment death, the body buried in the white pigeon nest park next to the Christian cemetery

Chinnery returned to London in 1801 without his wife and two infant children In 1802 he sailed to Madras (Chennai) on the ship Gilwell He established himself as a painter there and then in Calcutta (Kolkata), where he became the leading artist of the British community in India

By 1813 Chinnery was a freemason, listed as a member of Calcutta’s well-to-do masonic lodge Star in the East This was one of three masonic lodges in that city which took part in the official welcome for Lord Moira (1754-1826), also a freemason, on his arrival there (1813) as the new Governor-General of India Chinnery’s masonic career is otherwise little documented, and its connection with his artistic output unexplored

Some of his most famous paintings are of the Indian family of Colonel James Achilles Kirkpatrick British Resident to the Nizam of Hyderabad who had set up home, to some scandal among his fellow Europeans, with the Indo-Iranian great niece of the Nizam of Hyderabad’s chief minister He painted The Kirkpatrick Children presenting them ” [with a] sympathy that is rare in portraiture of the period; the boy looking straight at the viewer with a self-conscious stance, hand on hip, while the girl looks uncomfortably at the floor” Mounting debt prompted a move in 1825 to southern China

From 1825 until his death in 1852 Chinnery based himself in Macau, but until 1832 he made regular visits to Canton (now Guangzhou) He painted portraits of Chinese and Western merchants, visiting sea-captains, and their families resident in Macau His work in oil paint was closely imitated by the Cantonese artist Lam Qua, who himself became a renowned portrait painter Chinnery also painted landscapes (both in oils and in watercolours), and made numerous drawings of the people of Macau engaged in their daily activities

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In 1846 he made a six-month visit to Hong Kong, where he suffered from ill health but made detailed studies of the newly founded colony He died in Macau on 30 May 1852 and is buried in the Old Protestant Cemetery there

Cannery is good at street sketches, every passing a good place to trigger inspiration will be painted on the spot, and fast and good In addition, he also for a lot of dignitaries as a portrait, he has even tried to the first scene for each other portrayed portraits, and then go home with memory to draw the background

He made thousands of sketches and sketches of landscapes, architecture and characters in Macau, Hong Kong, Guangzhou and the Pearl River Delta

His arrival to the Qing Dynasty Chinese and Western painting exchanges, caused a huge impact Not only the portraits of the Pearl River trade port are unchanged, but also under the influence of Qian’s, the new generation of Chinese Western painters have also grown up quickly

Other than artistic value, his paintings are historically valuable as he was the only western painter resident in South China between the early and mid 19th century He vividly depicted the life of ordinary people and the landscape of the Pearl River Delta at that period Among the subjects of his portraits are the Scottish opium traders William Jardine and James Matheson as well as the diarist Harriet Low

George Chinnery learnt the Gurney system shorthand from his father and grandfather (both writing-masters), and he used his own modified version of this shorthand for jotting quick notes on his pencil sketches

Substantial collections of Chinnery’s drawings are to be found in London in the Victoria and Albert Museum and the British Museum; and in Salem, Mass, at the Peabody Essex Museum Other notable groups are held in Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, UK; the Hong Kong Museum of Art; the Macau Museum; and the Macau Museum of Art The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation can claim to have the outstanding corporate collection of Chinnery’s works Loan exhibitions of his pictures have been held recently in Centro Cultural de Belém, Lisbon (1995); Metropolitan Teien Art Museum, Tokyo (1996); Hong Kong Museum of History, Hong Kong (2005); and Macau Museum (2010)

works:
He made thousands of sketches and sketches of landscapes, architecture and characters in Macau, Hong Kong, Guangzhou and the Pearl River Delta He painted the “three days before the fire church”, “Guangzhou thirteen”, “chapter of the roof” and “Hong Kong Queen’s Road in the street” and so on, is to study the modern history of Macao, Guangzhou and Hong Kong important reference In the famous paintings of Macao paintings were “South Bay”, “Mom Temple”, “Rose Church”, “Chinese sailing” and so on During the period of Macao, Qian Nali developed the portraits into a plot of historical figures with literary connotations Among them, “Mao Guan – Lu Wenjin” and “Macao Fisherman” were the most representative

The style of Chaneli’s painting has also contributed a lot to the study of later history, such as the appearance of Hong Kong, and the appearance of the historic buildings of the former Macao town

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