Chōbunsai Eishi

Chōbunsai Eishi (鳥文斎 栄之, 1756–1829) was a Japanese ukiyo-e artist in the late Edo period, a bamboo book. He worked from Kanichi to the cultural and civil period, he seemed to be a Ukiyo-e master from the samurai, and gained popularity with a clean and modest whole-body beauty painting.. Born to a well-off samurai family that was part of the Fujiwara clan, Eishi left his employ with the Shogun Ieharu to pursue art. His early works were prints were mostly bijin-ga portraits of beautiful women in a style akin to Kiyonaga and Utamaro. He was a prolific painter, and from 1801 gave up print designing to devote himself to painting.

Early life
Bunsyo Bunsyo (unknown history). Last name is Hosoda, name is Tokiwa. The common name is Minowanojo, later Yasaburo. I call it Tori. He also called Satoru Keibu. In the painting picture, you can see the flower, the sign of the own. Eiyuki is followed in sixth place. It has a place of worshiping in the Edo main office water (present · Sumida Ward Kamezawa), living in Hamacho for the first time, and later moved to the back of the main bamboo store. My father is Hosoda Takayuki, my mother is said to be Mr. Saeko, but it is said that he is not compulsory. Hosoda family is a direct goldfire with 500 stones, and Eiyu’s grandfather Tsutsumi acts as a magisterial bill.

Eiyuki himself was born as the eldest son of the time line, and he was succeeding his family after 17 years on September 6, 1721. At the beginning, the picture was learned from Nana Kano, who received a letter of “Sakae” from the master’s issue “Eikawa-in” and went to Eiyu. Since it turned to Ukiyoe later, it was excommunication from the teacher ‘s Eikawa Gakuin, but only Eiyu’ s issue was used for a long time. Afterwards served various roles, served as a painter in the Nishinomaru of General Shogun Tokugawa Izumi at the Nishinomaru from April 21, 1781 to 1783 February 7, served as a painter, Because he liked painting, he came true to me, every day he was samurai and he was also serving as a painting. The first year of Tianming (1781) is permitted to wear clothing on December 16. Although he encouraged himself to serve Eikyo by superiority, he resigned on December 18th in Tenmyo Mikuri (1783) and entered an unemployed gangster. In the sixth year of Tenmyo (1786), the General of the Shogun ‘s death died, and at the age of 34 when Erio three years later, on August 5, the first year of Kanjo (1789) he called the disease, called the disease, retired. However, this is said to be honest with generals being dead. Then, I greeted my sister as an adopted daughter, I made Wazaburo a goddess to this, and gave him a family affair by giving me Yutaka Hatsuki.

To Ukiyo-e artist:
After studying under Kano Kano, he studied under Bunyoshi Sai and started working as a Ukiyoe artist since the late period of Tenmei (1781 – 1789), the first work is a yellow cover paper published in 1785 It is an illustration of “Gotokuji Gate derived from it”. Early works are strongly influenced by Maestro of the beautiful painting world of the Timing period, Kiyoshi Torii Torii, drawing beauty paintings of the Qing-long style. After handover to the first year of Kanji, devoted to full-scale drawing activities, Kinoshita (1789 – 1801) period set a unique quiet beautiful painting style. Especially, it has established a unique style for the whole body image of a woman, and has produced numerous soft nishiki beautiful drawings of the body expressed as twelve heads until the late period of Kanazawa. Eiwi’s line was fine and graceful, its female image was elegant with a stout slenderness, and it was a clearly distinctive line with the stylishness and dreadfulness seen in the rival Kitagawa Utamaro work at the time. Eiro sublimates a woman who lives in Yusato as an ideal image and as a slender rather than Qing long, it has established a unique style of Eiyuki, which has no glitter like Utamaro and its appearance is quiet. Also, like the three pieces “Genflower Shogun (Genji) Genji” which depicts the classic subjects such as “Genji Monogatari” in the story of the world, the colors are only astringent colors such as ink, light ink, indigo, purple, yellow, green I liked the expression that has a distinctive elegance that was used as a harsh, simple substance called “red hatred”, but still makes me feel warm. It is said that the creator of this “red hatred” is Eiyuki. With this style Eiki competed for Utamaro with its popularity with a picture. There are excellent works in medium size and pillars, but in Nishikie’s masterpieces there are series of “Flowing Streams (Rain)”, “Ten Feng Shui Flowers”, “Aoi Temple”, “Aoi Geisha Shu “,” Blue Tower Beautiful Rokkennen “etc. Among them, the series “Blue Tower Beautiful Rokka Sen” draws a squirrel ‘s seat with elegance on the backdrop of yellow crushing, and it is regarded as a masterpiece unique to Eiki. On the contrary, Utamaro did not handle any beautiful large-head painting that he was good at, and Eriko’s attitude that adheres to the whole image can be seen to the last. Although Mr. Hosoda was Mr. Hosoda but he did not use it as a photographic name, there was another who gave Mr. Hosoi as another, for example as a luxurious Nishimura store edition co-made with Katsushika Hokusai in 1801 I can mention that there is “Hoso Tori Shunbun” in the color shadow picture book “New edition Kinukuri female sang 36 songs picturesque”. This seems to be a thing of honesty.

Transition to a painting picture:
Ei stopped production of a piece of nishikie picture around 10 years of Kanari (1798). In the record of the Edo period, there were descriptions such as “Stop writing brush for a while” and “Stop Nishikie with breakdown”, it can be assumed that there was circumstance that we had to cancel the presentation of print work. Between Kiwa (1801 – 1804) and Culture (1804 – 1818), he was exclusively engaged in beautiful genre paintings of the handwriting, and gained popularity with elegant and elegant style. In the Edo period, “Person who is a painter specializing in paintings” is considered to be higher than a person who works “Understanding of woodcut prints” from “painter”, and Eiro’s turnover is also influenced by his origin and status awareness at the time It seems to have been.

Kami 12 years (1800) Leap April, when Myo Inoue Makoto Ishinomiya (a monk) went down to Edo, the general ordered Eiyu to let the reputation of the Sumidagawa picture (probably a picture scroll with a picture) be drawn there were. When I returned to Kyoto, Myoko Shrine, who liked painting, decided it to be Edo soup to Emperor Sakura Town, the Emperor was pleased besides being special, finally he was paid in the library of Sangdong. Eriko who heard this honor and felt honored was a memorial by making a stamp carved as “Tenten”. It was the moment when it was finally honored that Ukiyoe would be used for the emperor’s watching. It is said that this kind of reputation raised the name of the painting of Eiyu, and since then it has been said that he held great hold of his own work. Furthermore, as this became widely known at that time, it seems that it was requested one after another from each direction the work of the same taste that drawn the Sumidagawa river, and the same “Yoshihira Yoshihiro figure winding” is confirmed about 21 points Has been done.

After that, Eiro has drawn excellent handwriting until the age of death and since the skeleton of the learned picture is solid, many honorable mention is also in the later handwriting paintings, not only beautiful paintings but also excellent works on landscape paintings There are left, especially drawing the scenery of the Sumidagawa river. However, in the case of Silkomoto, there are also many works of the same construction worked using the same undergrowth, and it can be inferred that there was a mass-production structure like a studio by mobilizing disciples. On the other hand, although it is extremely rare, there are times when the signature of the paintings is signed with a position or title as “Tokoro Noriyuki Fujiwara Tokitomo brush”, these are drawn according to the demand from the famous Daimyo It seems to be. There is an opening ceremony called “Fujiwara Sakae Fujiwara Tokitomo brush” in “Beauty figure drawing” (Tokyo National Museum’s collection) and “Beauty figure” (Yamato Bunka Kan).

Later Eiri, Eisho, Sakae, Ei Rui, Eiwen, Honorable, Episode, Ei Aya, Ei Jing, Eiji, Elegance, Eiuchi, Ei, Takatoshi, Eiwa, Eiyama, Eisho, Rika, Gogo We are producing many excellent talented people. He died at the age of 74, in the 12th year of Civil Administration (1829). The tomb is Renkaji Temple in Yanaka, Taito Ward. It has already been transferred to the enshrined tomb and no tombstones exist. The legal name is Hiroakunin – san, everyone Nobuyuki Noriyuki.