Carlo Innocenzo Carlone or Carloni (1686 – 1775) was an Italian painter and engraver, active especially in Germany.
He was a native of Scaria, near Como, in Lombardy, but may have been from the Carloni family of Genoese painters. He was the son of a sculptor, but he preferred painting, and was placed under the care of Giulio Quaglio. He subsequently trained also with Giovanni Battista Colomba. He afterwards studied at Venice and at Rome, with Francesco Trevisani until he was 23 years of age, when he visited Germany, where he has left works in oil and in fresco at Ludwigsburg, Passau, Linz, Breslau, Prague, and Vienna.
He painted large decorative fresco cycles for palaces in Vienna, Prague and Southern Germany. For example, Carlone is known for painting the ceiling images in the Upper Belvedere of the Belvedere palace complex. His The Glorification of Saints Felix and Adauctus (1759–1761) was commissioned for the cupola of the church of San Felice del Benaco on Lake Garda. He died at Como.
As an engraver he has left us the following plates, mostly from his own compositions :
The altarpiece “Kreuzabnahme” in the southern part of the ship shows a diagonal structure and was painted in 1731 in bright colors.
The altar “Death of St. Joseph”, stucco altar in the northern side nave, first altar starting from the west: also from 1731.
Brühl, Augustusburg Castle
Around 1750, the fresco “The magnanimity and magnanimity of Clemens August” (The architect, the Elector and Archbishop of Cologne, came from the Wittelsbach family.) The Fresco is a high-quality work of art with the stairwell of Balthasar Neumann. In the Gardensaal “glorification of the Emperor Charles VII”, in the dining and music hall “Apollo and the Muses” and in the John of Nepomuk chapel “Glorification of St. John of the N.” As well as altarbild in oil.
Schöneberg, Rhine province
A work of Carlo Carlones is to be seen there.
Vienna, Palais Daun-Kinsky
Ceiling fresco in the staircase.
The mythological-allegorical ceiling in the great festival hall.
Vienna, Upper Belvedere
Ceiling frescoes of the marble hall.
The fresco “Allegory of Fame” in the great hall probably dates from Carlo Carlone. (But: Reclam’s author: “the fresco is unknown”!)
Chapel: Some frescoes, around 1723.
Ansbach, Bavaria, Mittelfranken, residence
Large hall: the ceiling fresco with the glorification of the Margrave Carl Wilhelm Friedrich, c. 1735-36.
Gross-Siegharts, Lower Austria
Fresco above the organ choir (sermon of John the Baptist), 1727
Fresco in the dome yoke (= Holy Trinity and the Transfiguration of Mary), 1727
Fresco above the altar (Decapitation of John), 1727
Fresco in the chapel chapel, dated 1717
Pilgrimage church Stadl-Paura, Upper Austria, parish church and pilgrimage church to the Most Holy Trinity
Frescos: The figures of the frescos are by Carlo Carlone; The illusion architecture painted Francesco Messenta.
The altarpiece of the cross at the altar of God and Son (1724).
Schloss Hof, Lower Austria, near Gänserndorf
Ceiling fresco from 1725 in the domed vault of the castle chapel
Country road, Karmeliterkirche zum hl. Joseph: the Annenaltarblatt (1712).
Landstraße, Ursulinenkirche zum hl. Michael: Thieme / Becker mention that Carlone has worked with the Ursulinneninnen; In Reclam’s author, nothing is recorded.
Town hall: Thieme / Becker mention that Carlone has worked at the town hall. A large painting in the Festaal, which Linz shows in 1742, is mentioned. This could be from Carlo Carlone. No mention in Reclam’s author.
Heimsheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, near Weil der Stadt
Schleglerschloss, New Palace: Paintings from 1729/1730.
Ludwigsburg, Wuerttemberg, Residenzschloss
New Corps de Logis, oval vestibule (= entrance hall from the courtyard of the castle): the ceiling painted probably by Carlo Carlone’s hand around 1735. It represents the homage of the arts. The portraits, especially the hermen figures, are by Diego Carlone, a chief representative of the Upper Italian wandering artist.
Hofkirche: Cupola fresco (1719/1720) with the glory of the Trinity and the High altar (1720), an evening meal. The figural stucco work in the court church was shared by Diego Carlone and Ad. Casp. Seefried. The figures of David and Solomon at the Hochaltar are from Diego Carlone.
The ceiling painting of the picture gallery is regarded as one of Carlo Carlone’s main features. The length of the gallery ceiling is divided into various fields, with allegorical representations of the ancient mythology. The central ceiling shows the leitmotif: the sciences and arts glorify the Duke.
Monastery Church: altars of the Benedict and Meinradaltars.
Prague, Palais Clam-Gallas
Fresco of the staircase
Cathedral, chapel: A work of Carlo Carlone is to be seen there.
Ellwangen, Basilica of St. Vitus
Decorating the Romanesque interior of St. Vitus’s Basilica