Augustus Earle (born June 1, 1793 in London, died December 10, 1838) was an English painter who painted portraits, landscapes and scenes of the colonial and marine life, working mainly with watercolor paints. Earle is considered the first free-lance artist to tour all five continents. His last voyage took place on board H.M.S. Beagle, in which Charles Darwin also took part.
Augustus Earle was a London-born travel artist. Unlike earlier artists who worked outside Europe and were employed on voyages of exploration or worked abroad for wealthy, often aristocratic patrons, Earle was able to operate quite independently – able to combine his lust for travel with an ability to earn a living through art. The unique body of work he produced during his travels comprises one of the most significant documentary records of the effects of European contact and colonisation during the early nineteenth century.
He was the son of the American artist James Earle (1761-1796) and his wife Caroline Smyth, nephew of the painter Ralph Earl and cousin of Ralph EW Earl. He was probably educated at the Royal Academy of Arts in London, where his father had also studied One of his teachers was probably the American painter Benjamin West. During his studies, he was a friend of Charles Robert Leslie and Samuel Morse. From 1806 to 1815, the Academy exhibited his first works
In 1815, Earle traveled to Sicily as a shipwreck. In Malta, he met his half brother, William Henry Smyth, who commanded a cannon boat under the command of Edward Pellew. Until 1817 he accompanied his half brother and drew in the Mediterranean region, among other places, in Gibraltar and North Africa
In March, 1818, Earle embarked in New York, where he spent several months. Later he settled in Philadelphia, where two of his paintings were exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in July 1818
On 11 February 1820 he went aboard the Warrior, with whom he sailed to Rio de Janeiro, where he arrived on April 2, 1820. In June, Earle traveled to the Chilean coast and finally arrived in Lima on July 18, December From the Peruvian port town of Callao, he broke up with the HMS Hyperion, which was traveling to England, on December 10th, and finally returned to Rio de Janeiro with the Anna. In the next three years, several pictures were taken, including landscapes To deal with slavery
A letter containing the offer to introduce the new Governor-General of India, Lord Amherst, ordered Earle to leave on 17 February 1824 on board the old-time Duke of Gloucester, which was to the Cape of Good Hope, and from there to Calcutta Heavy storm forced the Duke of Gloucester to anchor before Tristan da Cunha On 26 March, Earle, together with his dog and the crewmember Thomas Gooch, crossed the island to draw here. Three days later, the ship suddenly set sail and left them behind The island was almost uninhabited at the time There were only six adults and some children who lived there Earls sat there until his rescue by Admiral Cockburn on 29 November In his writing Narrative, which appeared in 1832, Earle reported on the events of that time
January 18, 1825, Admiral Cockburn reached her port of destination Hobart, Australia, where Earle stayed for several months. He traveled to Sydney on May 14th, where he explored the Blue Mountains, the Bathurst, the Wellington Valley, and The Hunter River North of Sydney he reached Port Stephens and Port Macquarie In April and May 1827 he was in Illawarra region During the time in Sydney emerged numerous landscape pictures, pictures about the Aborigines and views of public and private buildings Although the governor Thomas Brisbane was a friend of his half-brother, his plans failed to settle down in Sydney
On 20 October 1827, Earle broke to New Zealand with the Governor Macquarie. He visited the area between Hokianga Harbor and the Bay of Islands on the North Island and returned to Sydney with the Governor Macquarie after a six-month stay in New Zealand on 5 May 1828
With the Rainbow, Earle left on the 12th of October Australia on the 12th of October, and finally reached the Indian city of Madras via the Karolinen, Guam, Manila and Singapore. In Madras he created the templates for the Panoramabild Panorama of Madras (1832) by William Daniell and Edmund Thomas Parris (1793-1873) His deteriorating health, however, forced him to leave India again. From Puducherry he stabbed the Julie, who brought him to Mauritius. He came back to England in 1829 with the resource
In 1831, Earle was employed by John Murray, 5 Duke of Atholl (1778-1846), on the basis of his experience of Robert FitzRoy as a naval painter for the second survey expedition of the HMS Beagle, on which Charles Darwin also took part Earle again in Rio de Janeiro When HMS Beagle leaves Montevideo in August 1832, he remains behind, as his health problems do not allow him to continue the journey. He remains still a few months in Montevideo before finally returning to England. During this time his writing appears A Narrative Of a Nine Months’ Residence in New Zealand in 1827 (1832), about his stay in New Zealand, which was discussed in the New Monthly magazine, edited by Edward Bulwer-Lytton, 1 Baron Lytton. When Darwin was staying in New Zealand at the end of December, 1835, He was indignant at his sister Caroline Sarah about the earle expression in that expression The activities of the missionaries
In London, Earle continues to work as a painter and was once again able to exhibit several paintings at the Royal Academy of Arts. Augustus Earle died at the end of 1838 of asthma and weakness